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Currently indexing 534,767 forum posts, 65,741 listings, 2,726 vendors, and 235,668 reviews from 6 markets and 6 forums.You need Tor to download the dataset. Once you have the Tor browser bundle installed, you can find the data set here: http://lolwuc3342535625.onion/2020-01-13-reviews.csv . If someone could mirror this on a clearnet hosting site, I would appreciate that. I use Tor for everything and most file hosting websites will not allow me to upload over Tor.
site,vendor,timestamp,score,value_btc,commentSite, vendor, and comment are strings. Site and vendor are both alphanumeric, while comment may have punctuation and whatnot. Line breaks are explicit "\n" in the comment field, and the comment field has quotation marks around it to make it easier to sort through. All the data uses Latin characters only, no unicode. Timestamp is an integer indicating the number of seconds since the Unix epoch. Score is 1 for positive review, 0 for neutral review, and -1 for negative review. Value_btc is the bitcoin value of the product being reviewed, calculated at the time of the review.
For someone first starting out as a cryptocurrency investor, finding a trustworthy manual for screening a cryptocurrency’s merits is nonexistent as we are still in the early, Wild West days of the cryptocurrency market. One would need to become deeply familiar with the inner workings of blockchain to be able to perform the bare minimum due diligence.submitted by Kosass to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]
One might believe, over time, that finding the perfect cryptocurrency may be nothing short of futile. If a cryptocurrency purports infinite scalability, then it is probably either lightweight with limited features or it is highly centralized among a limited number of nodes that perform consensus services especially Proof of Stake or Delegated Proof of Stake. Similarly, a cryptocurrency that purports comprehensive privacy may have technical obstacles to overcome if it aims to expand its applications such as in smart contracts. The bottom line is that it is extremely difficult for a cryptocurrency to have all important features jam-packed into itself.
The cryptocurrency space is stuck in the era of the “dial-up internet” in a manner of speaking. Currently blockchain can’t scale – not without certain tradeoffs – and it hasn’t fully resolved certain intractable issues such as user-unfriendly long addresses and how the blockchain size is forever increasing to name two.
In other words, we haven’t found the ultimate cryptocurrency. That is, we haven’t found the mystical unicorn cryptocurrency that ushers the era of decentralization while eschewing all the limitations of traditional blockchain systems.
“But wait – what about Ethereum once it implements sharding?”
“Wouldn’t IOTA be able to scale infinitely with smart contracts through its Qubic offering?”
“Isn’t Dash capable of having privacy, smart contracts, and instantaneous transactions?”
Those thoughts and comments may come from cryptocurrency investors who have done their research. It is natural for the informed investors to invest in projects that are believed to bring cutting edge technological transformation to blockchain. Sooner or later, the sinking realization will hit that any variation of the current blockchain technology will always likely have certain limitations.
Let us pretend that there indeed exists a unicorn cryptocurrency somewhere that may or may not be here yet. What would it look like, exactly? Let us set the 5 criteria of the unicorn cryptocurrency:
(1) Perfectly solves the blockchain trilemma:
o Infinite scalability
o Full security
o Full decentralization
(2) Zero or minimal transaction fee
(3) Full privacy
(4) Full smart contract capabilities
(5) Fair distribution and fair governance
For each of the above 5 criteria, there would not be any middle ground. For example, a cryptocurrency with just an in-protocol mixer would not be considered as having full privacy. As another example, an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) may possibly violate criterion (5) since with an ICO the distribution and governance are often heavily favored towards an oligarchy – this in turn would defy the spirit of decentralization that Bitcoin was found on.
There is no cryptocurrency currently that fits the above profile of the unicorn cryptocurrency. Let us examine an arbitrary list of highly hyped cryptocurrencies that meet the above list at least partially. The following list is by no means comprehensive but may be a sufficient sampling of various blockchain implementations:
Bitcoin is the very first and the best known cryptocurrency that started it all. While Bitcoin is generally considered extremely secure, it suffers from mining centralization to a degree. Bitcoin is not anonymous, lacks smart contracts, and most worrisomely, can only do about 7 transactions per seconds (TPS). Bitcoin is not the unicorn notwithstanding all the Bitcoin maximalists.
Ethereum is widely considered the gold standard of smart contracts aside from its scalability problem. Sharding as part of Casper’s release is generally considered to be the solution to Ethereum’s scalability problem.
The goal of sharding is to split up validating responsibilities among various groups or shards. Ethereum’s sharding comes down to duplicating the existing blockchain architecture and sharing a token. This does not solve the core issue and simply kicks the can further down the road. After all, full nodes still need to exist one way or another.
Ethereum’s blockchain size problem is also an issue as will be explained more later in this article.
As a result, Ethereum is not the unicorn due to its incomplete approach to scalability and, to a degree, security.
Dash’s masternodes are widely considered to be centralized due to their high funding requirements, and there are accounts of a pre-mine in the beginning. Dash is not the unicorn due to its questionable decentralization.
Nano boasts rightfully for its instant, free transactions. But it lacks smart contracts and privacy, and it may be exposed to well orchestrated DDOS attacks. Therefore, it goes without saying that Nano is not the unicorn.
While EOS claims to execute millions of transactions per seconds, a quick glance reveals centralized parameters with 21 nodes and a questionable governance system. Therefore, EOS fails to achieve the unicorn status.
One of the best known and respected privacy coins, Monero lacks smart contracts and may fall short of infinite scalability due to CryptoNote’s design. The unicorn rank is out of Monero’s reach.
IOTA’s scalability is based on the number of transactions the network processes, and so its supposedly infinite scalability would fluctuate and is subject to the whims of the underlying transactions. While IOTA’s scalability approach is innovative and may work in the long term, it should be reminded that the unicorn cryptocurrency has no middle ground. The unicorn cryptocurrency would be expected to scale infinitely on a consistent basis from the beginning.
In addition, IOTA’s Masked Authenticated Messaging (MAM) feature does not bring privacy to the masses in a highly convenient manner. Consequently, the unicorn is not found with IOTA.
PascalCoin as a Candidate for the Unicorn Cryptocurrency
Please allow me to present a candidate for the cryptocurrency unicorn: PascalCoin.
According to the website, PascalCoin claims the following:
“PascalCoin is an instant, zero-fee, infinitely scalable, and decentralized cryptocurrency with advanced privacy and smart contract capabilities. Enabled by the SafeBox technology to become the world’s first blockchain independent of historical operations, PascalCoin possesses unlimited potential.”
The above summary is a mouthful to be sure, but let’s take a deep dive on how PascalCoin innovates with the SafeBox and more. Before we do this, I encourage you to first become acquainted with PascalCoin by watching the following video introduction:
The rest of this section will be split into 10 parts in order to illustrate most of the notable features of PascalCoin. Naturally, let’s start off with the SafeBox.
Part #1: The SafeBox
Unlike traditional UTXO-based cryptocurrencies in which the blockchain records the specifics of each transaction (address, sender address, amount of funds transferred, etc.), the blockchain in PascalCoin is only used to mutate the SafeBox. The SafeBox is a separate but equivalent cryptographic data structure that snapshots account balances. PascalCoin’s blockchain is comparable to a machine that feeds the most important data – namely, the state of an account – into the SafeBox. Any node can still independently compute and verify the cumulative Proof-of-Work required to construct the SafeBox.
The PascalCoin whitepaper elegantly highlights the unique historical independence that the SafeBox possesses:
“While there are approaches that cryptocurrencies could use such as pruning, warp-sync, "finality checkpoints", UTXO-snapshotting, etc, there is a fundamental difference with PascalCoin. Their new nodes can only prove they are on most-work-chain using the infinite history whereas in PascalCoin, new nodes can prove they are on the most-work chain without the infinite history.”
Some cryptocurrency old-timers might instinctively balk at the idea of full nodes eschewing the entire history for security, but such a reaction would showcase a lack of understanding on what the SafeBox really does.
A concrete example would go a long way to best illustrate what the SafeBox does. Let’s say I input the following operations in my calculator:
5 * 5 – 10 / 2 + 5
It does not take a genius to calculate the answer, 25. Now, the expression “5 \ 5 – 10 / 2 + 5”* would be forever imbued on a traditional blockchain’s history. But the SafeBox begs to differ. It says that the expression “5 \ 5 – 10 / 2 + 5”* should instead be simply “25” so as preserve simplicity, time, and space. In other words, the SafeBox simply preserves the account balance.
But some might still be unsatisfied and claim that if one cannot trace the series of operations (transactions) that lead to the final number (balance) of 25, the blockchain is inherently insecure.
Here are four important security aspects of the SafeBox that some people fail to realize:
(1) SafeBox Follows the Longest Chain of Proof-of-Work
The SafeBox mutates itself per 100 blocks. Each new SafeBox mutation must reference both to the previous SafeBox mutation and the preceding 100 blocks in order to be valid, and the resultant hash of the new mutated SafeBox must then be referenced by each of the new subsequent blocks, and the process repeats itself forever.
The fact that each new SafeBox mutation must reference to the previous SafeBox mutation is comparable to relying on the entire history. This is because the previous SafeBox mutation encapsulates the result of cumulative entire history except for the 100 blocks which is why each new SafeBox mutation requires both the previous SafeBox mutation and the preceding 100 blocks.
So in a sense, there is a single interconnected chain of inflows and outflows, supported by Byzantine Proof-of-Work consensus, instead of the entire history of transactions.
More concretely, the SafeBox follows the path of the longest chain of Proof-of-Work simply by design, and is thus cryptographically equivalent to the entire history even without tracing specific operations in the past. If the chain is rolled back with a 51% attack, only the attacker’s own account(s) in the SafeBox can be manipulated as is explained in the next part.
(2) A 51% Attack on PascalCoin Functions the Same as Others
A 51% attack on PascalCoin would work in a similar way as with other Proof-of-Work cryptocurrencies. An attacker cannot modify a transaction in the past without affecting the current SafeBox hash which is accepted by all honest nodes.
Someone might claim that if you roll back all the current blocks plus the 100 blocks prior to the SafeBox’s mutation, one could create a forged SafeBox with different balances for all accounts. This would be incorrect as one would be able to manipulate only his or her own account(s) in the SafeBox with a 51% attack – just as is the case with other UTXO cryptocurrencies. The SafeBox stores the balances of all accounts which are in turn irreversibly linked only to their respective owners’ private keys.
(3) One Could Preserve the Entire History of the PascalCoin Blockchain
No blockchain data in PascalCoin is ever deleted even in the presence of the SafeBox. Since the SafeBox is cryptographically equivalent to a full node with the entire history as explained above, PascalCoin full nodes are not expected to contain infinite history. But for whatever reason(s) one may have, one could still keep all the PascalCoin blockchain history as well along with the SafeBox as an option even though it would be redundant.
Without storing the entire history of the PascalCoin blockchain, you can still trace the specific operations of the 100 blocks prior to when the SafeBox absorbs and reflects the net result (a single balance for each account) from those 100 blocks. But if you’re interested in tracing operations over a longer period in the past – as redundant as that may be – you’d have the option to do so by storing the entire history of the PascalCoin blockchain.
(4) The SafeBox is Equivalent to the Entire Blockchain History
Some skeptics may ask this question: “What if the SafeBox is forever lost? How would you be able to verify your accounts?” Asking this question is tantamount to asking to what would happen to Bitcoin if all of its entire history was erased. The result would be chaos, of course, but the SafeBox is still in line with the general security model of a traditional blockchain with respect to black swans.
Now that we know the security of the SafeBox is not compromised, what are the implications of this new blockchain paradigm? A colorful illustration as follows still wouldn’t do justice to the subtle revolution that the SafeBox ushers. The automobiles we see on the street are the cookie-and-butter representation of traditional blockchain systems. The SafeBox, on the other hand, supercharges those traditional cars to become the Transformers from Michael Bay’s films.
The SafeBox is an entirely different blockchain architecture that is impressive in its simplicity and ingenuity. The SafeBox’s design is only the opening act for PascalCoin’s vast nuclear arsenal. If the above was all that PascalCoin offers, it still wouldn’t come close to achieving the unicorn status but luckily, we have just scratched the surface. Please keep on reading on if you want to learn how PascalCoin is going to shatter the cryptocurrency industry into pieces. Buckle down as this is going to be a long read as we explore further about the SafeBox’s implications.
Part #2: 0-Confirmation Transactions
To begin, 0-confirmation transactions are secure in PascalCoin thanks to the SafeBox.
The following paraphrases an explanation of PascalCoin’s 0-confirmations from the whitepaper:
“Since PascalCoin is not a UTXO-based currency but rather a State-based currency thanks to the SafeBox, the security guarantee of 0-confirmation transactions are much stronger than in UTXO-based currencies. For example, in Bitcoin if a merchant accepts a 0-confirmation transaction for a coffee, the buyer can simply roll that transaction back after receiving the coffee but before the transaction is confirmed in a block. The way the buyer does this is by re-spending those UTXOs to himself in a new transaction (with a higher fee) thus invalidating them for the merchant. In PascalCoin, this is virtually impossible since the buyer's transaction to the merchant is simply a delta-operation to debit/credit a quantity from/to accounts respectively. The buyer is unable to erase or pre-empt this two-sided, debit/credit-based transaction from the network’s pending pool until it either enters a block for confirmation or is discarded with respect to both sender and receiver ends. If the buyer tries to double-spend the coffee funds after receiving the coffee but before they clear, the double-spend transaction will not propagate the network since nodes cannot propagate a double-spending transaction thanks to the debit/credit nature of the transaction. A UTXO-based transaction is initially one-sided before confirmation and therefore is more exposed to one-sided malicious schemes of double spending.”
Phew, that explanation was technical but it had to be done. In summary, PascalCoin possesses the only secure 0-confirmation transactions in the cryptocurrency industry, and it goes without saying that this means PascalCoin is extremely fast. In fact, PascalCoin is capable of 72,000 TPS even prior to any additional extensive optimizations down the road. In other words, PascalCoin is as instant as it gets and gives Nano a run for its money.
Part #3: Zero Fee
Let’s circle back to our discussion of PascalCoin’s 0-confirmation capability. Here’s a little fun magical twist to PascalCoin’s 0-confirmation magic: 0-confirmation transactions are zero-fee. As in you don’t pay a single cent in fee for each 0-confirmation! There is just a tiny downside: if you create a second transaction in a 5-minute block window then you’d need to pay a minimal fee. Imagine using Nano but with a significantly stronger anti-DDOS protection for spam! But there shouldn’t be any complaint as this fee would amount to 0.0001 Pascal or $0.00002 based on the current price of a Pascal at the time of this writing.
So, how come the fee for blazingly fast transactions is nonexistent? This is where the magic of the SafeBox arises in three ways:
(1) PascalCoin possesses the secure 0-confirmation feature as discussed above that enables this speed.
(2) There is no fee bidding competition of transaction priority typical in UTXO cryptocurrencies since, once again, PascalCoin operates on secure 0-confirmations.
(3) There is no fee incentive needed to run full nodes on behalf of the network’s security beyond the consensus rewards.
Part #4: Blockchain Size
Let’s expand more on the third point above, using Ethereum as an example. Since Ethereum’s launch in 2015, its full blockchain size is currently around 2 TB, give or take, but let’s just say its blockchain size is 100 GB for now to avoid offending the Ethereum elitists who insist there are different types of full nodes that are lighter. Whoever runs Ethereum’s full nodes would expect storage fees on top of the typical consensus fees as it takes significant resources to shoulder Ethereum’s full blockchain size and in turn secure the network. What if I told you that PascalCoin’s full blockchain size will never exceed few GBs after thousands of years? That is just what the SafeBox enables PascalCoin to do so. It is estimated that by 2072, PascalCoin’s full nodes will only be 6 GB which is low enough not to warrant any fee incentives for hosting full nodes. Remember, the SafeBox is an ultra-light cryptographic data structure that is cryptographically equivalent to a blockchain with the entire transaction history. In other words, the SafeBox is a compact spreadsheet of all account balances that functions as PascalCoin’s full node!
Not only does the SafeBox’s infinitesimal memory size helps to reduce transaction fees by phasing out any storage fees, but it also paves the way for true decentralization. It would be trivial for every PascalCoin user to opt a full node in the form of a wallet. This is extreme decentralization at its finest since the majority of users of other cryptocurrencies ditch full nodes due to their burdensome sizes. It is naïve to believe that storage costs would reduce enough to the point where hosting full nodes are trivial. Take a look at the following chart outlining the trend of storage cost.
As we can see, storage costs continue to decrease but the descent is slowing down as is the norm with technological improvements. In the meantime, blockchain sizes of other cryptocurrencies are increasing linearly or, in the case of smart contract engines like Ethereum, parabolically. Imagine a cryptocurrency smart contract engine like Ethereum garnering worldwide adoption; how do you think Ethereum’s size would look like in the far future based on the following chart?
Ethereum’s future blockchain size is not looking pretty in terms of sustainable security. Sharding is not a fix for this issue since there still needs to be full nodes but that is a different topic for another time.
It is astonishing that the cryptocurrency community as a whole has passively accepted this forever-expanding-blockchain-size problem as an inescapable fate.
PascalCoin is the only cryptocurrency that has fully escaped the death vortex of forever expanding blockchain size. Its blockchain size wouldn’t exceed 10 GB even after many hundreds of years of worldwide adoption. Ethereum’s blockchain size after hundreds of years of worldwide adoption would make fine comedy.
Part #5: Simple, Short, and Ordinal Addresses
Remember how the SafeBox works by snapshotting all account balances? As it turns out, the account address system is almost as cool as the SafeBox itself.
Imagine yourself in this situation: on a very hot and sunny day, you’re wandering down the street across from your house and ran into a lemonade stand – the old-fashioned kind without any QR code or credit card terminal. The kid across you is selling a lemonade cup for 1 Pascal with a poster outlining the payment address as 5471-55. You flip out your phone and click “Send” with 1 Pascal to the address 5471-55; viola, exactly one second later you’re drinking your lemonade without paying a cent for the transaction fee!
The last thing one wants to do is to figure out how to copy/paste to, say, the following address 1BoatSLRHtKNngkdXEeobR76b53LETtpyT on the spot wouldn’t it? Gone are the obnoxiously long addresses that plague all cryptocurrencies. The days of those unreadable addresses will be long gone – it has to be if blockchain is to innovate itself for the general public. EOS has a similar feature for readable addresses but in a very limited manner in comparison, and nicknames attached to addresses in GUIs don’t count since blockchain-wide compatibility wouldn’t hold.
Not only does PascalCoin has the neat feature of having addresses (called PASAs) that amount to up to 6 or 7 digits, but PascalCoin can also incorporate in-protocol address naming as opposed to GUI address nicknames. Suppose I want to order something from Amazon using Pascal; I simply search the word “Amazon” then the corresponding account number shows up. Pretty neat, right?
The astute reader may gather that PascalCoin’s address system makes it necessary to commoditize addresses, and he/she would be correct. Some view this as a weakness; part #10 later in this segment addresses this incorrect perception.
Part #6: Privacy
As if the above wasn’t enough, here’s another secret that PascalCoin has: it is a full-blown privacy coin. It uses two separate foundations to achieve comprehensive anonymity: in-protocol mixer for transfer amounts and zn-SNARKs for private balances. The former has been implemented and the latter is on the roadmap. Both the 0-confirmation transaction and the negligible transaction fee would make PascalCoin the most scalable privacy coin of any other cryptocurrencies pending the zk-SNARKs implementation.
Part #7: Smart Contracts
Next, PascalCoin will take smart contracts to the next level with a layer-2 overlay consensus system that pioneers sidechains and other smart contract implementations.
In formal terms, this layer-2 architecture will facilitate the transfer of data between PASAs which in turn allows clean enveloping of layer-2 protocols inside layer-1 much in the same way that HTTP lives inside TCP.
· The layer-2 consensus method is separate from the layer-1 Proof-of-Work. This layer-2 consensus method is independent and flexible. A sidechain – based on a single encompassing PASA – could apply Proof-of-Stake (POS), Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPOS), or Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) as the consensus system of its choice.
· Such a layer-2 smart contract platform can be written in any languages.
· Layer-2 sidechains will also provide very strong anonymity since funds are all pooled and keys are not used to unlock them.
· This layer-2 architecture is ingenious in which the computation is separate from layer-2 consensus, in effect removing any bottleneck.
· Horizontal scaling exists in this paradigm as there is no interdependence between smart contracts and states are not managed by slow sidechains.
· Speed and scalability are fully independent of PascalCoin.
One would be able to run the entire global financial system on PascalCoin’s infinitely scalable smart contract platform and it would still scale infinitely. In fact, this layer-2 architecture would be exponentially faster than Ethereum even after its sharding is implemented.
All this is the main focus of PascalCoin’s upcoming version 5 in 2019. A whitepaper add-on for this major upgrade will be released in early 2019.
Part #8: RandomHash Algorithm
Surely there must be some tradeoffs to PascalCoin’s impressive capabilities, you might be asking yourself. One might bring up the fact that PascalCoin’s layer-1 is based on Proof-of-Work and is thus susceptible to mining centralization. This would be a fallacy as PascalCoin has pioneered the very first true ASIC, GPU, and dual-mining resistant algorithm known as RandomHash that obliterates anything that is not CPU based and gives all the power back to solo miners.
Here is the official description of RandomHash:
“RandomHash is a high-level cryptographic hash algorithm that combines other well-known hash primitives in a highly serial manner. The distinguishing feature is that calculations for a nonce are dependent on partial calculations of other nonces, selected at random. This allows a serial hasher (CPU) to re-use these partial calculations in subsequent mining saving 50% or more of the work-load. Parallel hashers (GPU) cannot benefit from this optimization since the optimal nonce-set cannot be pre-calculated as it is determined on-the-fly. As a result, parallel hashers (GPU) are required to perform the full workload for every nonce. Also, the algorithm results in 10x memory bloat for a parallel implementation. In addition to its serial nature, it is branch-heavy and recursive making in optimal for CPU-only mining.”
One might be understandably skeptical of any Proof-of-Work algorithm that solves ASIC and GPU centralization once for all because there have been countless proposals being thrown around for various algorithms since the dawn of Bitcoin. Is RandomHash truly the ASIC & GPU killer that it claims to be?
Herman Schoenfeld, the inventor behind RandomHash, described his algorithm in the following:
“RandomHash offers endless ASIC-design breaking surface due to its use of recursion, hash algo selection, memory hardness and random number generation.
For example, changing how round hash selection is made and/or random number generator algo and/or checksum algo and/or their sequencing will totally break an ASIC design. Conceptually if you can significantly change the structure of the output assembly whilst keeping the high-level algorithm as invariant as possible, the ASIC design will necessarily require proportional restructuring. This results from the fact that ASIC designs mirror the ASM of the algorithm rather than the algorithm itself.”
Polyminer1 (pseudonym), one of the members of the PascalCoin core team who developed RHMiner (official software for mining RandomHash), claimed as follows:
“The design of RandomHash is, to my experience, a genuine innovation. I’ve been 30 years in the field. I’ve rarely been surprised by anything. RandomHash was one of my rare surprises. It’s elegant, simple, and achieves resistance in all fronts.”
PascalCoin may have been the first party to achieve the race of what could possibly be described as the “God algorithm” for Proof-of-Work cryptocurrencies. Look no further than one of Monero’s core developers since 2015, Howard Chu. In September 2018, Howard declared that he has found a solution, called RandomJS, to permanently keep ASICs off the network without repetitive algorithm changes. This solution actually closely mirrors RandomHash’s algorithm. Discussing about his algorithm, Howard asserted that “RandomJS is coming at the problem from a direction that nobody else is.”
Link to Howard Chu’s article on RandomJS:
Yet when Herman was asked about Howard’s approach, he responded:
In the end, PascalCoin may have successfully implemented the most revolutionary Proof-of-Work algorithm, one that eclipses Howard’s burgeoning vision, to date that almost nobody knows about. To learn more about RandomHash, refer to the following resources:
Technical proposal for RandomHash:
Someone might claim that PascalCoin still suffers from mining centralization after RandomHash, and this is somewhat misleading as will be explained in part #10.
Part #9: Fair Distribution and Governance
Not only does PascalCoin rest on superior technology, but it also has its roots in the correct philosophy of decentralized distribution and governance. There was no ICO or pre-mine, and the developer fund exists as a percentage of mining rewards as voted by the community. This developer fund is 100% governed by a decentralized autonomous organization – currently facilitated by the PascalCoin Foundation – that will eventually be transformed into an autonomous smart contract platform. Not only is the developer fund voted upon by the community, but PascalCoin’s development roadmap is also voted upon the community via the Protocol Improvement Proposals (PIPs).
This decentralized governance also serves an important benefit as a powerful deterrent to unseemly fork wars that befall many cryptocurrencies.
Part #10: Common Misconceptions of PascalCoin
“The branding is terrible”
PascalCoin is currently working very hard on its image and is preparing for several branding and marketing initiatives in the short term. For example, two of the core developers of the PascalCoin recently interviewed with the Fox Business Network. A YouTube replay of this interview will be heavily promoted.
Some people object to the name PascalCoin. First, it’s worth noting that PascalCoin is the name of the project while Pascal is the name of the underlying currency. Secondly, Google and YouTube received excessive criticisms back then in the beginning with their name choices. Look at where those companies are nowadays – surely a somewhat similar situation faces PascalCoin until the name’s familiarity percolates into the public.
“The wallet GUI is terrible”
As the team is run by a small yet extremely dedicated developers, multiple priorities can be challenging to juggle. The lack of funding through an ICO or a pre-mine also makes it challenging to accelerate development. The top priority of the core developers is to continue developing full-time on the groundbreaking technology that PascalCoin offers. In the meantime, an updated and user-friendly wallet GUI has been worked upon for some time and will be released in due time. Rome wasn’t built in one day.
“One would need to purchase a PASA in the first place”
This is a complicated topic since PASAs need to be commoditized by the SafeBox’s design, meaning that PASAs cannot be obtained at no charge to prevent systematic abuse. This raises two seemingly valid concerns:
· As a chicken and egg problem, how would one purchase a PASA using Pascal in the first place if one cannot obtain Pascal without a PASA?
· How would the price of PASAs stay low and affordable in the face of significant demand?
With regards to the chicken and egg problem, there are many ways – some finished and some unfinished – to obtain your first PASA as explained on the “Get Started” page on the PascalCoin website:
More importantly, however, is the fact that there are few methods that can get your first PASA for free. The team will also release another method soon in which you could obtain your first PASA for free via a single SMS message. This would probably become by far the simplest and the easiest way to obtain your first PASA for free. There will be more new ways to easily obtain your first PASA for free down the road.
What about ensuring the PASA market at large remains inexpensive and affordable following your first (and probably free) PASA acquisition? This would be achieved in two ways:
· Decentralized governance of the PASA economics per the explanation in the FAQ section on the bottom of the PascalCoin website (https://www.pascalcoin.org/)
· Unlimited and free pseudo-PASAs based on layer-2 in the next version release.
“PascalCoin is still centralized after the release of RandomHash”
Did the implementation of RandomHash from version 4 live up to its promise?
The official goals of RandomHash were as follow:
(1) Implement a GPU & ASIC resistant hash algorithm
(2) Eliminate dual mining
The two goals above were achieved by every possible measure.
Yet a mining pool, Nanopool, was able to regain its hash majority after a significant but a temporary dip.
The official conclusion is that, from a probabilistic viewpoint, solo miners are more profitable than pool miners. However, pool mining is enticing for solo miners who 1) have limited hardware as it ensures a steady income instead of highly profitable but probabilistic income via solo mining, and 2) who prefer convenient software and/or GUI.
What is the next step, then? While the barrier of entry for solo miners has successfully been put down, additional work needs to be done. The PascalCoin team and the community are earnestly investigating additional steps to improve mining decentralization with respect to pool mining specifically to add on top of RandomHash’s successful elimination of GPU, ASIC, and dual-mining dominance.
It is likely that the PascalCoin community will promote the following two initiatives in the near future:
(1) Establish a community-driven, nonprofit mining pool with attractive incentives.
(2) Optimize RHMiner, PascalCoin’s official solo mining software, for performance upgrades.
A single pool dominance is likely short lived once more options emerge for individual CPU miners who want to avoid solo mining for whatever reason(s).
Let us use Bitcoin as an example. Bitcoin mining is dominated by ASICs and mining pools but no single pool is – at the time of this writing – even close on obtaining the hash majority. With CPU solo mining being a feasible option in conjunction with ASIC and GPU mining eradication with RandomHash, the future hash rate distribution of PascalCoin would be far more promising than Bitcoin’s hash rate distribution.
PascalCoin is the Unicorn Cryptocurrency
If you’ve read this far, let’s cut straight to the point: PascalCoin IS the unicorn cryptocurrency.
It is worth noting that PascalCoin is still a young cryptocurrency as it was launched at the end of 2016. This means that many features are still work in progress such as zn-SNARKs, smart contracts, and pool decentralization to name few. However, it appears that all of the unicorn criteria are within PascalCoin’s reach once PascalCoin’s technical roadmap is mostly completed.
Based on this expository on PascalCoin’s technology, there is every reason to believe that PascalCoin is the unicorn cryptocurrency. PascalCoin also solves two fundamental blockchain problems beyond the unicorn criteria that were previously considered unsolvable: blockchain size and simple address system. The SafeBox pushes PascalCoin to the forefront of cryptocurrency zeitgeist since it is a superior solution compared to UTXO, Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG), Block Lattice, Tangle, and any other blockchain innovations.
Author: Tyler Swob
A few days ago, the IFIC International Financial Technology Innovation Summit, hosted by People’s Daily People’s Digital, Sanya City Bureau of Commerce, FINWEX, and Guoyin Jinkong, was held in Sanya. At the meeting, Bottos Chain CEO Li Xiang made the theme “The Hope of Machine Civilization”. The speech shows the basic positioning of the Bottos chain “the infrastructure that focuses on artificial intelligence, the application platform that serves data, algorithms and computing power”, and outlines the evolutionary framework of machine civilization to replace industrial civilization. During the meeting, Golden Finance interviewed the Bottos chain CEO Li Xiang.submitted by BOTTOS_AI to Bottos [link] [comments]
Bottos CEO Li Xiang
Golden Finance: Please introduce the development track of the Bottos chain?Li Xiang: According to different development periods, we divide the Bottos chain into 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0.
From 2017 to 2019, Bottos Chain 1.0 — positioned as an artificial intelligence infrastructure. Our entire team spent a year and a half developing BottosChain from 0 to 1, and open source at the end of May 2018, and officially handed over the community to decentralization in December of the same year. As a self-originating public chain, the Bottos chain BottosChain has its own independent property rights in many key technologies. At present, we have applied for 3 key technology patents, which are very flexible in the whole architecture design. We reserve the interface for the AI empowering blockchain, and at the same time have great advantages in commercial performance, and do everything possible to lower the threshold. From 2019 to 2021, it will be Bottos Chain 2.0 — positioned in the artificial intelligence industry. Our goal is to help 10,000 smart DApps to land, securing massive amounts of user data assets, and letting data, computing power, algorithms and other production materials Fast exchange, spiraling out higher AI wisdom, allowing the industry to achieve a higher premium. From 2022 to 2025, the Bottos chain 3.0 is positioned as a revolution in the AI back-feeding blockchain. Based on the accumulated industrial data and machine intelligence of the Bottos chain 2.0, the Bottos chain will pass the underlying code to the robot to optimize and rewrite. The ultimate goal of the first public chain of artificial intelligence. I believe that by 2025, humans no longer need to work. The machine is not only fully qualified for labor, but also the underlying code of the blockchain. In the future, the Bottos chain platform will be used to divide the value of machines and people. At that time, human intelligence will be You can explore the stars and explore the bigger unknowns.
Golden Finance: What do you think is the biggest value of the blockchain?Li Xiang: Rather than saying that the blockchain creates new value, it is better to say that the blockchain will not be released from the statistical stock value. For example, each of us is generating massive amounts of data every day. When these data are securitized by the blockchain, everyone is Xiaolai Li. The digital economics of Bottos chain cognition is the use of blockchain technology to redistribute the productivity of the digital economy through data, algorithms, and computational power. The Bottos chain is positioned to carry the evolution of artificial intelligence using blockchain technology, and we must share Data asset securitization will bring huge value dividends.
In the era of the Internet, data is centralized, and data obtained from users at no cost has created giant companies such as BAT. In the blockchain era, personal data will truly belong to individuals. Due to the popularity of 5G-promoted ubiquitous Internet of Things, the silent data of tera-sensors will be activated to generate new artificial intelligence, between individuals and individuals outside the BAT client. Obtaining the possibility of peer-to-peer direct sharing of data, we do not need to snatch data from Internet packets, but exchange data directly from the bottom of the sensor through the Internet of Everything. The exchange and superposition of data and data has spawned the spiral evolution of algorithms and computational forces, and then returns the generated value to the individuals of the data source. We can see that the platform built by the Bottos chain carries the closed-loop value of data, algorithms and computing power in the machine civilization. Artificial intelligence is one of the few blockchain fields that can construct an all-digital closed loop. Artificial intelligence is also the only way to bypass Taobao WeChat. This is the value chain of the centralized application, which is the original intention of the Bottos chain to locate artificial intelligence. In the field of artificial intelligence, the main source of value of Keda Xunfei and Shangtang Technology is the free data source provided by millions of users. We can imagine that the market value of the two companies will be divided into millions of users, and the per capita capital will be renewed. Assigning the scene, this is the mission of the Bottos chain.
Golden Finance: How do you see the relationship between artificial intelligence and blockchain now?Li Xiang: Artificial intelligence is productivity, blockchain is production relations, productivity is that I can destroy you, production relationship is that I can’t directly destroy you, but I can offer the best person to destroy. Productivity creates value, and production relations drive productivity, so they are complementary and can be understood as the poles of Tai Chi. So how many blockchains in the future will have a lot of blockchains to help him achieve value, otherwise he can’t live alone because he didn’t make money. Suppose a developer researches an algorithm, including Bitcoin, which is an algorithm that requires a set of value chains to collaborate and a set of cross-organizational value exchange systems to support. Without a value chain and value mitigation, this algorithm cannot be separated. survive. We have restored this form of bitcoin to countless entrepreneurs, technology workers, man-machine warriors, and data providers, so that they can make new money. Intelligent hardware far exceeds the commercial value of traditional hardware. It comes from its semi-soft and semi-hard features. The soft part can not only capture hard information, perform edge calculation, but also self-purify to rewrite the working mode of hardware. We can simply Understood as a line upgrade on Apple phones. But traditional hardware, it is only hard and not soft, his data is wasted, and he can’t self-evolve. So, the combination of soft and hard is a new life state of the new life, which is the basic unit of machine civilization. Everything in the future is soft and hard, it generates data, and the hardware becomes a living body. This kind of living body will evolve from industrial civilization to machine civilization if it evolves from industrial civilization to machine civilization if it evolves into machines that build machines and machines that write programs (we are writing artificial contracts directly with artificial intelligence).
Golden Finance: What difficulties and challenges did Bottos encounter from its inception to the present, and which pits have been crossed?Li Xiang: From 2017 to 2019, we have experienced some minor storms. In general, it is a challenge all the way, but in the end, it will turn into a growing nectar. The first is the cognitive challenge. We are a revolutionary platform. Therefore, we advocate the spirit of geeks. Only by breaking through the cognition can we change the world. We believe that the artificial intelligence + blockchain can rewrite human civilization. The future is the age of machine civilization. Everyone is worth the money. It can support countless robots. At the same time, everyone is very profitable because he participates in and shares the feast of machine civilization. This is a huge bonus that the Bottos chain hopes to excavate. Secondly, the technical challenge, blockchain + AI is extremely brain-burning, when black technology encounters black technology, if there is no deep understanding of the two industries, there is no great courage and determination, this double track It is very difficult to do it. Finally, there are challenges in the quality of the team. In the process of project development, there will always be a low point. When there are pressures from all sides, there are new people joining the old people on the road, how the core team keeps the initial heart and the front, I think it is the project. The core factor that can ultimately achieve the goal.
Golden Finance: What is the possible type or industry of DAPP in the future Bottos chain?Li Xiang: Focusing on data and sensor algorithms, there are many application scenarios, such as travel scenarios, smart home scenarios, car networking scenarios, and then there are a large number of scenarios on the mobile side, or reversed according to value, as long as it can correspond to a billion-dollar The centralized enterprise, we all have the possibility to create a mechanism to take back. At present, artificial intelligence has begun to erupt from visual hearing, such as Keda Xunfei and Shangtang Technology, which have begun to gain a lot of application value. The reason is that the standard of the Turing test is to let the machine have the ability to talk with people. This ability comes first from simulating human perception. The meaning of the sensor is to digitally simulate the five senses of people and generate massive data. So now we see that artificial intelligence breaks through from hearing and vision first, because human sensors and radios are the crystallization of human sensors that are close to a hundred years of development, and the sensors of touch, smell and taste need to evolve gradually. . With five senses, we also need to think about thinking. Google’s man-machine war is the application of thinking. With thinking and driving feedback, Google’s Boston Power Robot is the application that drives feedback. Google is a monument to artificial intelligence, its valuation is more than 800 billion US dollars, and countless Keda Xunfei in the world are catching up with speed. It is conceivable that the Bottos chain stands at a dawn moment when a great era is about to open. We not only hope to remind the birth of countless Google, but also hope that these “new Google” will repay the millions of wealth of Xiaolai Li.
If you aren’t already in our group, please join now! https://t.me/bottosofficial
Bottos Website | Twitter |Facebook | Telegram
https://pundix.comsubmitted by Superbit123 to PundiX [link] [comments]
Pundi X’s mission is to make buying crypto currency as easy as buying bottled water. As the Walmart and 7-Eleven of crypto currency, we want users to buy and use crypto currency anytime anywhere.
Pundi X a leading Singaporean-based blockchain company recently ranked by KPMG as one of the world’s “Emerging 50” firms that are at the forefront of innovative technologies and practices in its 2018 Fintech100 report of Leading Global Fintech Innovators.
We have a product poised for mass adoption infrastructure, where consumers can buy and sell crypto at any participating retailer and spend their crypto.
For every transaction, through the XPOS (which is a point of sales) machine, there will be a token burn coming. Token burns mean reduced supply over time. The more machines in outlets and more people using crypto means supply will decrease, therefore the demand will increase. Pundi X will not be an erc20 token for long, Pundi X is creating its own blockchain called the f(x) blockchain.
- Instant transactions worldwide 24/7.
- No monthly charges or any hidden fees.
- Merchants will receive revenue back, a whopping 65% from the total transaction fee, on every single Crypto related transactions.
- Consumers can readily buy/sell Crypto currencies straight from the actual XPOS device.
- No Banks needed, hence serving the un-banked and the under-banked population.
- Merchants can receive payment in their local fiat to avoid Crypto fluctuations.
- Supports Mobile payments, NFC, QR Code and all current traditional payments.
- The POS can setup your inventory, loyalty programs, ads, and print smart receipts.
- Avoid high Visa/MasterCard/Credit Card fees using XPOS solutions.
- 5,500 XPOS Dispatched already to 25 countries.
- Tested over a two day period in the Historical first ever crypto mass event with "Ultra Taiwan Music Festival" with 30,000 + attendees, went flawlessly, (see videos on Pundix Official YouTube Channel).
- 7,000 More XPOS going out soon.
- 300,000 XPASS dispatched.
- 60,000 + Transactions over the XPOS.
- 20 + Top Crypto Exchanges.
- 45 + Events attended.
- 150 + Team members.
- 7 Head Offices globally.
Function X Blockchain – A game Changer:
The f(x) (short for Function X) blockchain under current test environments, each XPOS is an f(x) node; all data from the XPOS will be fully encrypted and stored in f(x) low level IPFS. Our IPFS is one that is specially designed for XPOS, f(x) and other smart devices. The f(x) public ledger will record all transactions, and the chain deploys sharding and PBFT.
At Pundi X, we believe that open source is the way to go and to strengthen the blockchain community. We will gradually enable all of our operating system and f(x) chain’s code to be open source. It will be free for all Dapp software and hardware manufacturers to develop products for the f(x) ecosystem, hence achieving true decentralization. Let’s all work together and re-engineer a decentralized world.
10x for Speed;
Visa can run 7,000–20,000 transactions-per-second (“TPS”). Any blockchain that offers small multiples of speed improvement is unlikely to displaced a tried-and-tested system like Visa. A 10X increase means 200,000K TPS has to be achieved.
Our upcoming blockchain called Function X (fx for short), we have to make sure we are comparable if not faster, at 10X it is at least 200,000 TPS, not just on paper, but in real application.
Sharding depends heavily on the availability of nodes. Confirmation processes increase by an order of magnitude when you increase node counts, we are already deploying the XPOS which will act as nodes.
10x for Scaling;
Scalability in a restaurant means how fast can you serve your meals, the faster you can scale, the more business you can have. Therefore, companies like McDonald’s spend a lot of effort shortening the time between ordering and checkout to serve its customers.
Scalability in blockchain is similar: it depends on the code (how fast can the burgers be flipped) and also nodes (how many cashiers can confirm the order). So whose code is the best? We will only know when proven. And what about nodes? The blockchain with the largest nodes will prevail. Currently Ethereum has the most nodes, but maybe not for long.
10x for Consensus;
And what about nodes? The blockchain with the largest nodes will prevail. Currently Ethereum has the most nodes, but maybe not for long.
With our minimum plan to roll out 100,000 XPOS in three years, we will be able to scale up transaction numbers significantly as the number of XPOS devices increases.
Can we do much more than 200,000 TPS? Let’s analyze: Sharding is a process of dividing a global network into pieces of a local network.
Each local network would then take charge of two-thirds consensus so that a particular transaction is verified in the local network and then broadcast to the global network.
Five Pillars of Function X Blockchain;
More details here;
The Road ahead: https://medium.com/pundix/f-x-%EC%95%9E%EC%9C%BC%EB%A1%9C-%EA%B0%80%EC%95%BC%ED%95%A0-%EA%B8%B8-cb258f0e397c
The XPhone, and the first true blockchain phone call, we demonstrated to thousands that we had a new protocol for communication that could take blockchain beyond the world of financial transfers. The X phone is powered by Function X OS which is based off the Android OS 9.0, so there is a backward compatibility with any Android apps.
Blockchain-based calling and messaging can be toggled on and off on the phone operating system, which builds upon Android 9.0.
On the blockchain mode, the services in the XPhone can operate completely independently of centralized carriers. Users can route phone calls, messages, and data via blockchain nodes without the need for centralized service providers.
The XPhone is in fact the first mobile phone that can run completely on a decentralized ecosystem powering telephony, messaging, and data transmission. The XPhone itself significantly expands the use of blockchain technology beyond financial transfers.
Every XPhone is also a node on the network to contribute to the operation of the blockchain ecosystem. Content and connectivity are organized in a distributed, node-to-node manner.
- Every device in the Function X ecosystem will be a node and each will have its own address and private key, uniquely linked to their node names, not unlike traditional URL and IP addresses.
- The OS can be overlayed to any existing Android devices without any compromises and compliment as a node to the function X blockchain.
- Using a new DApp published on Function X, Zac hailed a New York City cabbie from midtown Manhattan to Central Park via a smart contract executed on Function X. The taxi order was both conducted and recorded on-chain and by-passing any ride-hailing service via XPhone.
- In the browser, you may browse the traditional Internet via HTTP or use the blockchain Internet via FXTP.
- In f(x) OS, users are able to switch seamlessly between two modes. The blockchain mode allows a user to be connected to the blockchain - everything which you do in this mode like texting, calling, taking photos, browsing, etc. will be transmitted via the blockchain. In the traditional mode, it is like any other Android phone.
- You can develop DApps for X Play Store and regular apps for Google Play Store.
Note: Final design and specs are subject to change.
The FX blockchain: Giving data control back to users and creators.
“What this all means is that data control can and must be given back to users,” said Pundi X Founder and CEO Zac Cheah.
“Telecommunications and Internet companies have derived tremendous value from controlling data. By decentralizing apps, we can put this data onto a smart contract, effectively giving control back to creators and to users”.
“Much of what we call peer-to-peer or ‘decentralized’ services continue to be built upon centralized networks. We are changing that,” added Cheah.
Mobile devices as nodes;
“Scalability in blockchain is derived from the number and geographic spread of nodes. It is clear how achieving a critical mass in terms of scale will require something with a high utility for people. The XPhone thus has the potential to establish a large global pool of nodes,” said Pitt Huang, co-founder and CTO of Pundi X.
“And with Function X offering people the choice to be independent of a centralized communications network we’ve created a new use, a high and universal utility for blockchain. In turn, this will give life to a network large enough to support better scale, throughput, and new potential applications, plus true decentralization that has so far eluded blockchain.”
YouTube in-depth close up videos;
More details here;
All Partnerships (so far):
-American Chamber of Commerce Korea, AMCHAM is the largest foreign chamber in Korea with around 1,800 individual members from almost 900 member companies with diverse interests and substantial participation in the Korean economy.
Their partners includes, MacDonald’s, Star Bucks, Hyundai, United Airlines, Citi, Hawaiian Airlines, MetLife, Ford, Honeywell, Johnson & Johnson, Bayer, Cisco, HUB, Nike, Oracle, Kelly, Philip Morris, Hyosung, Cigna, Kim & Change, Pfizer Korea, and many more, see link below;
-Ebooc (Government UEA) Ebooc and Pundi X will provide several other applications for consumers such as making retail payments; paying for government services, fees and fines; utilities and bills; telecommunication bills and school fees on POS devices running a stable, digital equivalent of traditional fiat currencies in the region.
The move brings our world-leading, blockchain-based XPOS technology, XPASS card and e-wallet to the Gulf, Middle East and North Africa region for the first time with Ebooc as the official partner under the terms of a strategic partnership agreement as executed.
Additional Back information about the Founder of Ebooc: Entrepreneur & Senior UAE Government Official with deep Government experience of over 20 years. From his current role as Assistant Undersecretary, Industrial Development Sector at Ministry of Economy, UAE, Abdalla has been able
to participate in policy-making and planning strategy for ministry of Economy and oversee the operations and major projects within the industrial sector.
Developing action plans and programs for the industrial sector, overall supervision of the industrial licenses issued by the ministry, General supervision of Institutions Support Department, which specializes in conducting necessary studies for the development of industrial exports.
Regulations and specifications of Foreign Affairs in coordination with stakeholders Prior to this was the CEO strategic planning & affairs at Emirates Post Group was on the Board of Directors of Wall Street Exchange Chairman of the Executive Committee ; Vice Chairman of the Emirates Marketing & Promotion Corp. Board Member of the Emirates Courier Services – Empost.
-NEM, (Deal to deploy additional 20k XPOS units) A commitment to use NEM's blockchain technology to produce 20,000 of the world's first NEM-based POS terminals, called NEM XPOS.
To foster this project, we completed a private allocation totalling US $ 17 million (USD) on April 5, 2018. The fund will be used for technical integration and production of at least 20,000 XPOS NEMs over a three-year period.
-Ubivelox, they have become an international innovator in the development of smart cards, mobile communications and blockchain (ranked 6th largest in the world). The two companies will work together on XPOS and XPASS technology development, security and market deployment, which will not only facilitate the promotion of Pundi X in Korea, but also help accelerate the layout in the global market.
-QEX Fund SP; At Consensus: Invest 2018 in New York, we introduced the QEX fund in partnership with Quantum Energy Asset Management (QEAM). QEAM & R.E. Lee International Capital unveil $100 million fintech-focused hybrid fund, QEX Fund SP.
Vic has over three decades of experience in banking and securities, including as the former Chief Operating Officer, Asia Pacific, for Global Transaction Services at Bank of America Merrill Lynch, and as the former Chief Risk Officer at Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing.
“The combined expertise of QEAM, R.E. Lee International Capital and Pundi X provides a differentiated offering and a strong edge, amplifying the unique proposition of traditional finance and technological expertise in fintech and emerging innovative technologies such as blockchain,” said Mr. Tham. “It is rare to bring together a team that has decades of experience in fund management, securities, banking and also emerging fintech and blockchain technology all under one roof.”
R.E. Lee International Capital Pte. Ltd. QEX Fund SP is targeting a USD $100 million fund size with a minimum subscription of USD $300,000 and is available to non-US accredited investors from today. For further information, please email to;
[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
The F(x) Coin;
The f(x) ecosystem is fully decentralized. It’s designed and built to run autonomously in perpetuity without the reliance or supervision of any individual or organization.
To support this autonomous structure, f(x) Coin which is the underlying ‘currency’ within the f(x) ecosystem has to be decentralized in terms of its distribution, allocation, control, circulation and the way it’s being generated.
Broadly, there are four main participants in the f(x) ecosystem, as shown above:
Infrastructure service provider, Developer and Financial service provider contribute the seamless operation and service shall generate the positive circulation, innovation and value flow to the f(x) ecosystem.
The value flow of the Function X ecosystem;
Together, these four participants will create a positive value flow. More service providers will enhance the quality of service and attract more consumers. More consumers will bring more value to the ecosystem by attracting more service providers,and creating f(x) Coin liquidity.
Deep liquidity of f(x) Coin will attract more financial service providers to enhance the stability and quality of liquidity. This will attract more service providers to the ecosystem.
Utility of f(x) Coin;
f(x) Coin is the native ‘currency’ of the Function X blockchain and ecosystem. Services rendered in the ecosystem will be transacted with the f(x) Coin. Possible scenarios include:
Hence f(x) Coin can be used as ‘currency’ for the below services,
Updated fx article:
Visa, MasterCard, Apple Pay, Samsung, American Express, BNB, LTC, XVG, NPXS, E2Pay.co.Id, Alipay, M-bayar, Go Pay, WeChat, Xpos Consortium, Ubivelox, XPOT and many more.
Manticora Capital, Bit Captial, Ubivelox, BlockPay and more to follow.
NEM, UTrust, GGOX, Verime, Wanchain, Stella, Genaro Network. More to follow.
Why Pundi XPOS;
Pundi XPOS not only facilitates cryptocurrency payment or transactions but also accepts transactions through mobile wallets and traditional bank cards.
Our POS solution can support retail intelligence, inventory management, order management, marketing and loyalty programs. Pundi XPOS device is an all-in-one solution for retailers.
· Accept cryptocurrency as payment
· Intelligence clearing system to increase the value of the store properties
· Selling and buying crypto currencies
· Support BTC, ETH, NPXS, BNB, XEM, QTUM, XVG, ACT, LTC, DGD, XLM and more crypto currencies.
· Support cryptocurrency payment card, such as Pundi XPASS card.
· Support mobile payment apps, such as Alipay, Visa, Mastercard, ApplePay, E2Pay, Go-Pay, Pundi-Pundi, and WeChat Pay.
· Support cryptocurrency wallet payment, such as Qbao, X Wallet, Nem Wallet and more.
· Establish credit history and reduce financial risks
· Provide a gateway for financial service providers
· Support loyalty / membership management system
· Support promotional and NPXS reward system
· Support 3rd party delivery and logistic service providers
- Instant Transactions - XPOS transactions happen instantly at less than 0.5 seconds. No delays. Just pay and go.
- Fiat Settlement without Volatility - To avoid any volatility risk, merchants will receive their settlement in fiat money.
- Work Easily With XPASS & XWallet - The XPASS card is an easy-to-use tap card for crypto beginners. Top it up with your preferred cryptocurrency and pay with ease. You can also pair your XPASS card onto the XWallet mobile app and use it with the XPOS.
- Support Multiple Cryptocurrencies - The XPOS is cryptocurrency-neutral, so you can transact with your favorite coins or tokens like BTC, ETH, BNB, NPXS, etc.
- Buy Cryptocurrency With Ease - In addition to making payment, customers can purchase cryptocurrency like Bitcoin from the XPOS with ease. The experience is as easy as buying a cup of coffee.
- Merchants get back 0.65% of the total fee for every crypto transactions.
Please see the Medium reports for more details on all developments to date: https://medium.com/@PundiXLabs
XPOS Order Form;
XPASS Card Order Form;
The XWallet mobile app connects regular digital asset wallets with the Pundi X payment ecosystem. It allows users to easily make payments in physical stores via the XPOS & e-commerce using our "Collect" feature of the app.
The XWallet can also be paired with the XPASS, making it a digital payment app that can be used anytime, anywhere. To download App for Android or ISO see below and to see a built-in guide for merchants and users guide are within the actual XWallet App or here:
Merchants Collect Feature (e-commerce);
1. Submit an XWallet Merchant application via the app and once the application gets approved, then your “Collect” page would be marked with “Pundi X verified merchant”.
2. You can open the XWallet app, then show the QR code on “Collect” page for customers to scan and pay;
3. You can also tap “Save” on “Collect” page to download your QR code as a picture, print it out, and place it by the checkstand for customers to scan and pay. This would be a more convenient way to collect payments.
4. Collected cryptocurrency assets would go directly to the XWallet Merchant’s Virtual Card account.
My actual QR code, scan to see UI on XWallet.
This is a powerful tool for e-commerce's to upload their QR Code on websites payout section. Sending any supported currencies on the X Wallet is accepted by one single QR Code, such as the above.
You can easily manage your digital assets, check your current balance, or top-up in the XWallet. By default, each user will have a virtual XPASS card in the app. You can also pair your XWallet with your Pundi XPASS card to make payments directly from the app when needed.
If you lose the XPASS card, you can transfer all your tokens from the XPASS card to the XWallet app or to another XPASS card.
Instant Payments Online or Offline;
Transactions via an internet-connected XWallet or XPASS can be processed immediately, while offline transactions can be made by scanning the QR code, which will later be uploaded onto the blockchain. The XWallet, in short, keeps up with your busy lifestyle.
How to top up your XWallet from other wallets;
XPASS Card Order;
Burning of NPXS;
A quick summary of Pundi X token’s utility on each and every transaction:
The XPOS is comprised of two parts, the consumer and merchant.
The Point of Sale device (XPOS);
For the merchants;
For the XPASS holders;
To better comply with ever-changing regulatory requirements, our legal team has advised the company to release the remaining unlocked tokens, starting from April 1, 2019, and to complete the program early by the end of June, 2019. Given the shortened period, we will increase the unlocked-token rate over the next three months. Please note that the total distributed amount of the tokens will remain the same as stated in the whitepaper.
You need to hold your NPXS or NPXSXEM on supported exchanges or wallets such as XWallet, Binance, Imtoken or in any ERC20 wallets that you control your private key.
Snapshots will be done on a daily basis and at random times for the next 3 months.
The unlocked tokens are calculated on your total tokens held, which are then distributed. Program schedule below;
Starts: 00:00:00 GMT+8 on March 1, 2019
Ends: 23:59:59 GMT+8 on May 31, 2019
Unlocked token rate per month: 11.063%
You need to hold the whole month to receive the full %. If you hold less days, you will receive less %.
We recommend you to use an ERC20 wallet that you control your private key, because Binance for example uses their own system, so if they do their calculations wrong, it wont be Pundi X's fault. Supported wallets and exchanges below:
BinanceOkcoinkrBittrex InternationalHotbit - npxsxem tokens supportedWazirXUpbit
Xwallet - npxsxem tokens supportedCoinmiEthosImtokenTrust walletEnjinEidooExodus
MyEtherWalletMetaMaskMistParityGeth LedgerXwallet Web - npxsxem tokens supported
Ledger Nano S
Formula;The formula to calculate the base of your NPXS/NPXSXEM monthly holdings is the same as previous months but the rate is adjusted:
[(The average of the daily lowest NPXS amount of the month X 10%) + (the daily average NPXS amount of the month X 90%)] X 11.063%
This will be a new option in addition to transferring NPXS / NPXSXEM into the XWallet.
The Team is working hard to enable the private wallet option before March 10, the day of this "OPTIONAL" staking process kicking off.
We will do this by having holders “register” their own ERC20 or NEM wallet public address, in XWallet so that we can properly track the holdings of NPXS / NPXSXEM in those wallets to enable decentralized staking", allowing you to get the fx coins in the Xwallet, whilst getting your normal unlocks where you're getting them now. Nano S will be supported as well.
Case study of fees;
▪ 100% of Pundi X’s revenue that is generated through transactions on the XPOS will be removed permanently from our NPXS token circulation (and that's called token burn). This means that if Pundi X makes $1 of revenue from a transaction, they will take $1 worth of NPXS out of circulation permanently. NPXS tokens taken out of circulation will never be able to re-enter the circulation in any way as they will no longer exist.
▪ if the transaction is made in Pundi X tokens, we will take the tokens immediately out of the total supply. If the transaction is made in other tokens or fiat, we will use the proceeds to buyback NPXS, after which we will permanently remove the NPXS tokens from circulation and ensure they can never re-enter circulation.
▪ In case of a fiat to crypto transaction (including a payment with mastercard/visa) NPXS will be also burned.
▪ Case study 1: a user buys $1,000 worth of crypto from a merchant in a store using Pundi XPASS card. The total charge a user has to pay is $1,010; $1,000 for the crypto and $10 for the service fees. Of the $10 received, $6.50 is paid to the shop merchant for rendering this service. $3.50 is paid to Pundi X for providing XPOS (switch) and XPASS (Issuer) service.
Contact Us;Please also read the white paper which can be found on the official webpage: https://pundix.com/
A detailed simple guide for Pundi X in Spanish language;
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Simply because of the fact that they are from a time when CS was newer and less popular, so there is a small supply of them.Q. Why do traders pay so much just for a certain float or pattern?
Because of the rarity, uniqueness, and look.Q. How do I get started on cash trading?
The best way to get started on cash trading is to deal with well known traders in small amounts to build a rep.That's the end of the guide (For now). If there is anything that I should add to it, please let me know as I will be expanding it in the future. It took a considerable amount of time to make this, so I would very much appreciate your feedback!!
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