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The History, The Current State And The Future Of NavCoin

The History, The Current State And The Future Of NavCoin

This is it. If you're interested to see what NAV is all about, this is the ultimate guide for you. You will learn about the history of NavCoin and how it evolved. You will learn about the current state and features of NavCoin and you will learn about the exciting new features that are planned and coming up in the (near) future.
So buckle up, this is going to be a long ride!

Table Of Content


Introduction - What is NavCoin?


The History

Introduction
The following chapter will summarize and break down the history of NavCoin in a few sentences. NAV started a long time ago, went through rebrandings and changes of the core team before it became what it is today.

SummerCoin
NavCoin was initially first introduced under the name SummerCoin on April 23 in 2014. SummerCoin was a fork of the Bitcoin blockchain. It used to have a PoW/PoS hybrid algorithm with a block time of 45 seconds.

SummerCoinV2 /NavajoCoin
Soon after the initial launch of SummerCoin, the original developer left and SoopY (soopy452000 on bitcointalk) took over as the main developer and rebranded the project to SummerCoinV2 respectively NavajoCoin and introduced new features.
The name NavajoCoin was chosen in honor of the Navajo Code Talker. The unbreakable Navajo code was used to encrypt highly classified military information and commands and decrypt the same in WW II.
SoopY introduced a technology which allowed sending transactions anonymously and private. This technology was called "Navajo Anonymous Technology". SoopY also released a new wallet and set the Proof of Stake rewards at 10% for the first year, 5% for the second year and 2% for every year after.

NavCoin
On August 12, 2014, Craig (current lead core developer, pakage on bitcointalk) started to get involved with NAV by helping to set up a website [10].
It was officially announced that Craig joined the core team as a "Wallet & Web Developer" on November 06, 2014.
The last tokenswap and restart of the blockchain of NAV happened on May 12, 2016.
Soon later, SoopY stopped showing up and Craig stepped into the role of the lead core developer. Since then, Craig has assembled a strong team with which he built NavCoin into what it is today.
Currently, Craig and the NavCoin Core team is located in New Zealand and they are actively developing many ground-braking features which differentiate NAV from other cryptocurrencies. You will read more about that later in this article.

The Current State

Introduction
The year 2018 has been a thriving year for the NavCoin ecosystem. Despite the USD price of NAV not reflecting it, in 2018 the core team has developed a whole bunch of new features. Also the core content creators published the first official guidelines that function as an orientation guide for community content creators. This chapter will give you an overview of the current team, the features, the prior mentioned guidelines and the community of NavCoin.

Core Team [1]
Last year, the core team has grown alot. It contains of developers, content creators and interns. The core team are employees of Encrypt S, the New Zealand's leading blockchain R&D lab. Encrypt S is developing blockchain solutions since 2014 and values building open-source software highly.

Craig MacGregor - Chief Executive Officer
Craig is the CEO of Encrypt S and the founder of NavCoin. He is one of the world's most experienced blockchain developers. Craig founded NavCoin in 2014 and is developing software for it since then. He has assembled a strong team of like-minded people. Craig also speaks at seminars and conferenced. Some of the companies and conferences he did blockchain education sessions at are Oracle, Xero, Air New Zealand, Blok Tex and trademe. Together with the team, he is also doing a education series on YouTube where he explains upcoming features in-depth for the community.

Alex Vazquez - Chief Technical Officer
Alex is the CTO of Encrypt S and the most active contributor to the NavCoin core Github. He has incredible knowledge of blockchains and proposes and implements solutions for challenges and features. He supports community developers frequently and answers any questions of the community thoroughly. Like Craig, Alex is developing software for the NavCoin ecosystem for a very long time. Alex speaks at universities at times and educates students about the blockchain technology.

Paul Sanderson - Lead Software Engineer
Paul is the Lead Software Engineer at Encrypt S. He has a flair for technology. His technical and management skills are perfectly suited for consultancy and investment advising. He also frequently contributes to the NavCoin core source code.

Rowan Savage - Senior Software Engineer
Rowan is a full stack software engineer with more than a decade experience in developing complex front-end web applications. He joined Encrypt S in February 2018 and has since been involved in the Valence Plattform, the Kauri Wallet and NavCoin Core. You will read more about these feature/projects later.

Carter Xiao - Lead UX/UI Designer
Carter specializes in user-centric design and is also very talented with 3D animation, motion graphics and programming. One of NavCoins core principle is "Simplifying Crypto" and UX/UI is a very important part of that.

Matt Paul - Software Engineer
Like Rowan, Matt is a full stack Software Engineer. He joined the core team in Mai 2017 and has since worked on NavPay, NavPi, the Kauri Wallet and NavCoin Core. Kieren Hyland - Chief Strategy Officer Kieren is one of the employees that are working for Encrypt S for a very long time. He is the CSO and is a digital strategist and growth hacker with a passion for new technology and has a lot of experience in online marketing. Laura Harris - Creative Director Laura has a combination of commercial and creative flair. She manages the social media accounts for NavCoin and ensures, that NavCoins' message is always powerful, relevant and distinctive. John Darby - Content Creator John is an internationally awarded Technology and Financial sector marketing communications specialist. He is one of the Core Content Creators for NavCoin.

Features of NavCoin [2]
The following features are currently available and have been developed in the last months and years. It is sorted from newest to oldest.

Static Block Reward
The soft-fork for the enabling of static block rewards have been accepted and became active recently at 5th January 2019. This means, that the block reward was changed from a percentage based reward to a static reward. This will incentivize the stakers to have their node online 24/7 which increased the security of the network. It also aligns NavCoin with the PoSv3 specification. With this implementation, the yearly inflation will be 3.6% currently and will exponentionally decrease because of the static value of the rewards. Every staked block will now give the staker 2 NAV. Depending on how many people are staking, the yearly percentage varies. With the network weight currently being around 20'000'000 NAV, stakers earn around 10% rewards from staking 24/7.

Cold staking
To provide extra security to participants in the staking process in the NavCoin network, the core team decided to implement cold staking. This allows to store NAV offline and still be able to sign staking inputs. Looking forward, a possible integration into the Ledger Nano S would mean, that one can stake NAV securely from a offline hardware wallet. How cool is that?

OpenAlias
One of the core principle of NAV is to simplify cryptocurrencies. Many non-technical people are deterred from the long, cryptic addresses used in wallets. When sending funds, you have to make sure that every single letter and digit is correct which is nerve-wracking for the average person. NavCoin has implemented OpenAlias, which allows to transform the wallet address into a email-like form. Everyone can register a name like "[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])". Funds can then be sent to this name, which makes sending crypto much easier and less error-prone.

Community Fund
This is the one big feature I was most excited about. NavCoin core has implemented the first fully decentralized community fund. Acceptance of proposals and release of funds is all approved by the decentralized network. No central authority has access to the fund. The community fund enables everyone to propose their ideas to the NavCoin community and to get paid to implement these ideas. Everyone can propose whatever they like (of course there is a higher rate of success if the proposal contributes to the NavCoin ecosystem ;-)). In fact, this article was sponsored by the NAV-Community by voting "yes" for my proposal. The fund works like this:
For a fee of 50 NAV, everyone can create and present his idea/proposal to the entire NavCoin network. The fee is here to help prevent spam attacks. Proposals can literally be anything - be it development, marketing or anything else you can some up with.
After creating the proposal, everyone contributing to the NavCoin network can then decide if they like the proposal of not. They vote with "Yes" or "No" for the acceptance of the proposal. Voting happens via staking. Every transaction that gets validated by you gives you one vote. This means that the more NAV you are staking, the higher your voting weight is.
The proposal stays in the state "Pending" until it is accepted or rejected. To be accepted, a proposal has to have a participation of at least 50% of all staked blocks and at least 75% of these votes have to be "Yes"-votes. Like-wise to be rejected a proposal need 50% participation of the network and 75% of these votes have to be "No"-votes. Additionally, if a proposal didn't pass after 6 voting cycles (about 6 weeks) it is also rejected.
After a proposal has been accepted, the creator of the proposal can start his work. When the work is finished, or at in the proposal defined checkpoints, the proposal creator can create a payment request for the full or part of the requested funds.
The NavCoin network can then again decide, if the work is what the creator promised to do and vote for the funds or reject the payment request because it was not what he promised. This mechanism ensures, that the funds are only release if the creator of the proposal did what he promised. The NavCoin network decides everything, there is no central authority which makes the community fund 100% decentralized.
The community fund is quite new but there have already been some proposals that were accepted like paying for the development & hosting of NAV block explorer, the creation and distribution of NAV car stickers to the community for free (or paid by the community fund), the funding of interns for NavCoin Core, translation of the website into other languages and YouTube videos. What ideas could you come up with? By the way: this article was also sponsored by the community fund :-)

Proof of Stake
Like said before, NavCoin uses the Proof of Stake algorithm to create and validate blocks. Participants of the NavCoin network can earn rewards by putting their coins to stake and thus validating blocks and securing the network. The reward used to be 4% fixed but recently changed with the implementation of PoSv3. Currently, rewards for stakers that are staking 24/7 is about 10% but it is dependent on how many people are staking. If more nodes come online, this reward will go down. If 90% of all NAVs would be at stake, stakers would still earn 4%.

Tutorials And Guidelines [3]
The NavCoin Core team pushes the community to contribute to the NavCoin ecosystem constantly. They emphasize that NavCoin is an open source project and everyone can contribute. The team tries to make it as easy as possible for the average person to contribute and thus created different tutorials and guidelines.

Tutorials To Contribute To The Website
The whole website is open source. Everyone can contribute to the website. The team created different guides for people to follow [4].

The NavCoin Developer Manifesto
The content creator core team has build a developer manifesto. It defines the values that should be uphold like for example that they will always operate in the best interest of the network. If defines the principles, purposes, scope of involvement and operational requirements [5].

The NavCoin Content Creation Manifesto
Similar to the developer manifesto, there is also a content creation manifesto. Again it defines the principles for creating content, the purpose, the scope of involvement and the operational requirements [6].

NavCoin Brand Guidelines
In addition to the content creation manifesto, there is also a brand guideline booklet. This should help content creators to create images, videos, articles etc. in the same style as the core team. It defines the NAV brand. The brand guidelines contain definitions, the language to use (words to use, words not to use), the tone of voice, what the community aspires to be and what we discourage to be. It also contains the logo pack which can be used in graphics etc. It describes correct logo spacing, logo placement, the colors of NAV and different web assets. It gives tips about gradients and overlays, the typefaces (with a font pack) and many more. Check it out yourself [7].

NavCoin Educational Series
The core team has decided to actively involve the community in the creation of new features. For this reason and to allow users to ask questions, they created the NavCoin Educational Series. The core team schedules an online live meetup which can be joined by everyone. On YouTube they do live-streams and explain upcoming features. Examples of these series are explanations for cold staking, static rewards (PoSv3) and the community fund. The community can ask questions live and the core team will answer them immediately.

Community
During the last year there have been an influx of software developers from the community starting to create features for NAV.

navexplorer.com
An examples is navexplorer.com which is programmed by community developer prodpeak and is a block explorer for NavCoin. Additionally, it functions as a interface to see what is going on in the community fund. It shows pending proposals and payment requests.

NEXT Wallet
The NEXT Wallet is an alternative wallet for NAV and other cryptocurrencies. It has a beautiful user interface and is additionally the easiest interface to interact with the community fund (create proposals, create payment requests and vote for proposals and payment requests). It is programmed by community developer sakdeniz who put hundreds of hours into it during last year.

There were also some marketing activities starting to emerge with the release of the community fund. Some of these were for example free stickers for everyone in the NAV community to stick to their car / shop / window etc. or YouTube videos of CryptoCandor and Cryptomoonie that explained the details of NAV. I am sure, that with the 500'000 NAV available in the community fund per year there will be an influx of gread ideas - development as well as marketing activities - that will be funded.

The Future

Introduction
These features are planned for the future. Many of the following features are part of the 2019 roadmap. Some will not be described in great detail because not much is known about them yet. I've still listed them as they are part of what is yet to come.

Features
Rimu - Improved Privacy Solution
NavCoin used to be a optional privacy coin. That means, that you could choose to send a transaction in private. NavCoin was criticized for the way it handles private payments because it relied on a few servers which didn't make it that decentralized. The technology was called "NavTech" and was a secondary blockchain that obscured the transaction and the amount that was sent. NavCoin Core is currently developing a new improved privacy solution that will make the private payment system completely trustless and districuted and runs at a protocol level. Alex of the NavCoin Core team has published a paper that describes this new privacy solution. It's called Zero Confidential Transactions and can be found here: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330366788_ZeroCT_Improving_Zerocoin_with_Confidential_Transactions_and_more. What I want to highlight is the collaboration between Alex as the proposer of the solution and the Veil team, a Bitcoin Core developer and Moneros main cryptographer as reviewers. When the best work together, it will be interesting to see what the outcome is!

Valence Plattform [8]
Valence is an applied Blockchain platform that can help businesses realise the tangible benefits of blockchain. You can think of Valence as a platform with which you can build Anonymous Distributed Applications (aDapps) with. But Valence is a different kind of platform that enables developers to create new types of blockchain applications. The problem with current (turing complete) dApp platforms are their complexity and rigid nature. Security holes in smart contracts and scaling issues happen frequently [9].
Valence provides transitional pathways that let businesses migrate only part of their activities to the blockchain without having to restructure their entire business model [9].
Valence will provide a spectrum of blockchain application solutions which sit along the decentralized spectrum, offering businesses simple ways to dip their toes into the blockchain at minimal risk or complexity [9].
Thanks to the proof of stake nature of the Valence blockchain, more of a node's resources can be used for processing and routing application data which makes the platform faster and scalable.
Valence aims to make building blockchain applications as accessible to the general public as WordPress or Squarespace has made building websites.
The developers NavCoin and Valence aim to make Valence extremely easy to work with:
A Valence application could be an open source mobile or web application that submits unencrypted or encrypted data directly to the blockchain. The only configuration necessary for the app developer would be setting up the data structure. Once they've done that they can start writing to the blockchain immediately.
The Valence blockchain interface is language agnostic, meaning developers are free to build applications in whichever language they're familiar with, which greatly reduces the barrier to entry.
As the platform progresses, Valence will introduce more and more smart contract templates in collaboration with the development community. These will be like plugins that users can simply select and configure for their application, without having to reinvent the wheel and risk contract errors or spend countless hours of research to program them.

NavShopper
The following information is taken from the latest weekly news: NavShopper is a new project which will allow people to spend NavCoin on a growing list of retailers and service providers. NavShopper sits between traditional retailers accepting fiat and NavCoin users and purchases products on behalf of the user by managing the crypt-fiat conversion, payment and shipping. This project will unlock many more ways for people to spend NAV on existing websites/marketplaces without requiring each site to individually accept cryptocurrencies. Some of the prototypes we are working on include crediting your Uber account, buying products on Amazon and donating to charities.

Kauri Wallet
The Kauri Wallet aims to be an open-source, multi-currency wallet which functions as a foundation for other features.

Kauri Enhanced
Enhancements to the Kauri Wallet will allow multiple accounts, pin numbers, recurring payments and more.

Kauri DAEx
The Kauri DAEx is a Decentralised Atomic Exchange that utilises the features of the Kauri Wallet and enables users to create safe peer to peer atomic exchanges for any currency supported by the Kauri Wallet. NavDelta NavDelta will be a payment gateway that allows users to spend NAV at any business which accepts currencies supported by the Kauri Wallet. NavMorph NavMorph is a fusion of Rimu and Kauri DAEx and will allow to privately send every cryptocurrency supported by the Kauri Wallet.

Outro

If you have made it this far: Congratulations! You have learned about how NAV evolved, what its current state is and what the future will bring. To sum all up: NavCoin has made incredible progress during last year and released many long awaited features despite the bear market. Many more exciting features are yet to come and it's going to be very interesting to see where we will stand on this day next year.

Giveaway

Unfortunately, the giveaway was not possible in the cryptocurrency-subreddit because of their rules, so I'm doing it here :-) As a surprise, in the next 2 hours I am going to send some NAV to everyone who wants to try out the awesome features and NavPay you read about above.
To get your NAVs, all you have to do is the following:
If you liked the experience, I'd be happy to hear back from you :)

References

[1] https://encrypt-s.com/company/
[2] https://navcoin.org/en/roadmap/
[3] https://navhub.org/get-involved/
[4] https://navhub.org/how-to-guide/
[5] https://navhub.org/assets/NavCoinDeveloperManifesto.pdf
[6] https://navhub.org/assets/NavCoinContentManifesto.pdf
[7] https://navhub.org/assets/NavCoinBrandGuidelines.pdf
[8] https://valenceplatform.org/
[9] https://valenceplatform.org/learn/business-on-the-blockchain-made-easy/
[10] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=679791.msg8320228#msg8320228
submitted by crypto_sIF to NavCoin [link] [comments]

The History, The Current State And The Future Of NavCoin

The History, The Current State And The Future Of NavCoin

This is it. If you're interested to see what NAV is all about, this is the ultimate guide for you. You will learn about the history of NavCoin and how it evolved. You will learn about the current state and features of NavCoin and you will learn about the exciting new features that are planned and coming up in the (near) future.
So buckle up, this is going to be a long ride!

Table Of Content


Introduction - What is NavCoin?


The History

Introduction
The following chapter will summarize and break down the history of NavCoin in a few sentences. NAV started a long time ago, went through rebrandings and changes of the core team before it became what it is today.

SummerCoin
NavCoin was initially first introduced under the name SummerCoin on April 23 in 2014. SummerCoin was a fork of the Bitcoin blockchain. It used to have a PoW/PoS hybrid algorithm with a block time of 45 seconds.

SummerCoinV2 /NavajoCoin
Soon after the initial launch of SummerCoin, the original developer left and SoopY (soopy452000 on bitcointalk) took over as the main developer and rebranded the project to SummerCoinV2 respectively NavajoCoin and introduced new features.
The name NavajoCoin was chosen in honor of the Navajo Code Talker. The unbreakable Navajo code was used to encrypt highly classified military information and commands and decrypt the same in WW II.
SoopY introduced a technology which allowed sending transactions anonymously and private. This technology was called "Navajo Anonymous Technology". SoopY also released a new wallet and set the Proof of Stake rewards at 10% for the first year, 5% for the second year and 2% for every year after.

NavCoin
On August 12, 2014, Craig (current lead core developer, pakage on bitcointalk) started to get involved with NAV by helping to set up a website [10].
It was officially announced that Craig joined the core team as a "Wallet & Web Developer" on November 06, 2014.
The last tokenswap and restart of the blockchain of NAV happened on May 12, 2016.
Soon later, SoopY stopped showing up and Craig stepped into the role of the lead core developer. Since then, Craig has assembled a strong team with which he built NavCoin into what it is today.
Currently, Craig and the NavCoin Core team is located in New Zealand and they are actively developing many ground-braking features which differentiate NAV from other cryptocurrencies. You will read more about that later in this article.

The Current State

Introduction
The year 2018 has been a thriving year for the NavCoin ecosystem. Despite the USD price of NAV not reflecting it, in 2018 the core team has developed a whole bunch of new features. Also the core content creators published the first official guidelines that function as an orientation guide for community content creators. This chapter will give you an overview of the current team, the features, the prior mentioned guidelines and the community of NavCoin.

Core Team [1]
Last year, the core team has grown alot. It contains of developers, content creators and interns. The core team are employees of Encrypt S, the New Zealand's leading blockchain R&D lab. Encrypt S is developing blockchain solutions since 2014 and values building open-source software highly.

Craig MacGregor - Chief Executive Officer
Craig is the CEO of Encrypt S and the founder of NavCoin. He is one of the world's most experienced blockchain developers. Craig founded NavCoin in 2014 and is developing software for it since then. He has assembled a strong team of like-minded people. Craig also speaks at seminars and conferenced. Some of the companies and conferences he did blockchain education sessions at are Oracle, Xero, Air New Zealand, Blok Tex and trademe. Together with the team, he is also doing a education series on YouTube where he explains upcoming features in-depth for the community.

Alex Vazquez - Chief Technical Officer
Alex is the CTO of Encrypt S and the most active contributor to the NavCoin core Github. He has incredible knowledge of blockchains and proposes and implements solutions for challenges and features. He supports community developers frequently and answers any questions of the community thoroughly. Like Craig, Alex is developing software for the NavCoin ecosystem for a very long time. Alex speaks at universities at times and educates students about the blockchain technology.

Paul Sanderson - Lead Software Engineer
Paul is the Lead Software Engineer at Encrypt S. He has a flair for technology. His technical and management skills are perfectly suited for consultancy and investment advising. He also frequently contributes to the NavCoin core source code.

Rowan Savage - Senior Software Engineer
Rowan is a full stack software engineer with more than a decade experience in developing complex front-end web applications. He joined Encrypt S in February 2018 and has since been involved in the Valence Plattform, the Kauri Wallet and NavCoin Core. You will read more about these feature/projects later.

Carter Xiao - Lead UX/UI Designer
Carter specializes in user-centric design and is also very talented with 3D animation, motion graphics and programming. One of NavCoins core principle is "Simplifying Crypto" and UX/UI is a very important part of that.

Matt Paul - Software Engineer
Like Rowan, Matt is a full stack Software Engineer. He joined the core team in Mai 2017 and has since worked on NavPay, NavPi, the Kauri Wallet and NavCoin Core. Kieren Hyland - Chief Strategy Officer Kieren is one of the employees that are working for Encrypt S for a very long time. He is the CSO and is a digital strategist and growth hacker with a passion for new technology and has a lot of experience in online marketing. Laura Harris - Creative Director Laura has a combination of commercial and creative flair. She manages the social media accounts for NavCoin and ensures, that NavCoins' message is always powerful, relevant and distinctive. John Darby - Content Creator John is an internationally awarded Technology and Financial sector marketing communications specialist. He is one of the Core Content Creators for NavCoin.

Features of NavCoin [2]
The following features are currently available and have been developed in the last months and years. It is sorted from newest to oldest.

Static Block Reward
The soft-fork for the enabling of static block rewards have been accepted and became active recently at 5th January 2019. This means, that the block reward was changed from a percentage based reward to a static reward. This will incentivize the stakers to have their node online 24/7 which increased the security of the network. It also aligns NavCoin with the PoSv3 specification. With this implementation, the yearly inflation will be 3.6% currently and will exponentionally decrease because of the static value of the rewards. Every staked block will now give the staker 2 NAV. Depending on how many people are staking, the yearly percentage varies. With the network weight currently being around 20'000'000 NAV, stakers earn around 10% rewards from staking 24/7.

Cold staking
To provide extra security to participants in the staking process in the NavCoin network, the core team decided to implement cold staking. This allows to store NAV offline and still be able to sign staking inputs. Looking forward, a possible integration into the Ledger Nano S would mean, that one can stake NAV securely from a offline hardware wallet. How cool is that?

OpenAlias
One of the core principle of NAV is to simplify cryptocurrencies. Many non-technical people are deterred from the long, cryptic addresses used in wallets. When sending funds, you have to make sure that every single letter and digit is correct which is nerve-wracking for the average person. NavCoin has implemented OpenAlias, which allows to transform the wallet address into a email-like form. Everyone can register a name like "[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])". Funds can then be sent to this name, which makes sending crypto much easier and less error-prone.

Community Fund
This is the one big feature I was most excited about. NavCoin core has implemented the first fully decentralized community fund. Acceptance of proposals and release of funds is all approved by the decentralized network. No central authority has access to the fund. The community fund enables everyone to propose their ideas to the NavCoin community and to get paid to implement these ideas. Everyone can propose whatever they like (of course there is a higher rate of success if the proposal contributes to the NavCoin ecosystem ;-)). In fact, this article was sponsored by the NAV-Community by voting "yes" for my proposal. The fund works like this:
For a fee of 50 NAV, everyone can create and present his idea/proposal to the entire NavCoin network. The fee is here to help prevent spam attacks. Proposals can literally be anything - be it development, marketing or anything else you can some up with.
After creating the proposal, everyone contributing to the NavCoin network can then decide if they like the proposal of not. They vote with "Yes" or "No" for the acceptance of the proposal. Voting happens via staking. Every transaction that gets validated by you gives you one vote. This means that the more NAV you are staking, the higher your voting weight is.
The proposal stays in the state "Pending" until it is accepted or rejected. To be accepted, a proposal has to have a participation of at least 50% of all staked blocks and at least 75% of these votes have to be "Yes"-votes. Like-wise to be rejected a proposal need 50% participation of the network and 75% of these votes have to be "No"-votes. Additionally, if a proposal didn't pass after 6 voting cycles (about 6 weeks) it is also rejected.
After a proposal has been accepted, the creator of the proposal can start his work. When the work is finished, or at in the proposal defined checkpoints, the proposal creator can create a payment request for the full or part of the requested funds.
The NavCoin network can then again decide, if the work is what the creator promised to do and vote for the funds or reject the payment request because it was not what he promised. This mechanism ensures, that the funds are only release if the creator of the proposal did what he promised. The NavCoin network decides everything, there is no central authority which makes the community fund 100% decentralized.
The community fund is quite new but there have already been some proposals that were accepted like paying for the development & hosting of NAV block explorer, the creation and distribution of NAV car stickers to the community for free (or paid by the community fund), the funding of interns for NavCoin Core, translation of the website into other languages and YouTube videos. What ideas could you come up with? By the way: this article was also sponsored by the community fund :-)

Proof of Stake
Like said before, NavCoin uses the Proof of Stake algorithm to create and validate blocks. Participants of the NavCoin network can earn rewards by putting their coins to stake and thus validating blocks and securing the network. The reward used to be 4% fixed but recently changed with the implementation of PoSv3. Currently, rewards for stakers that are staking 24/7 is about 10% but it is dependent on how many people are staking. If more nodes come online, this reward will go down. If 90% of all NAVs would be at stake, stakers would still earn 4%.

Tutorials And Guidelines [3]
The NavCoin Core team pushes the community to contribute to the NavCoin ecosystem constantly. They emphasize that NavCoin is an open source project and everyone can contribute. The team tries to make it as easy as possible for the average person to contribute and thus created different tutorials and guidelines.

Tutorials To Contribute To The Website
The whole website is open source. Everyone can contribute to the website. The team created different guides for people to follow [4].

The NavCoin Developer Manifesto
The content creator core team has build a developer manifesto. It defines the values that should be uphold like for example that they will always operate in the best interest of the network. If defines the principles, purposes, scope of involvement and operational requirements [5].

The NavCoin Content Creation Manifesto
Similar to the developer manifesto, there is also a content creation manifesto. Again it defines the principles for creating content, the purpose, the scope of involvement and the operational requirements [6].

NavCoin Brand Guidelines
In addition to the content creation manifesto, there is also a brand guideline booklet. This should help content creators to create images, videos, articles etc. in the same style as the core team. It defines the NAV brand. The brand guidelines contain definitions, the language to use (words to use, words not to use), the tone of voice, what the community aspires to be and what we discourage to be. It also contains the logo pack which can be used in graphics etc. It describes correct logo spacing, logo placement, the colors of NAV and different web assets. It gives tips about gradients and overlays, the typefaces (with a font pack) and many more. Check it out yourself [7].

NavCoin Educational Series
The core team has decided to actively involve the community in the creation of new features. For this reason and to allow users to ask questions, they created the NavCoin Educational Series. The core team schedules an online live meetup which can be joined by everyone. On YouTube they do live-streams and explain upcoming features. Examples of these series are explanations for cold staking, static rewards (PoSv3) and the community fund. The community can ask questions live and the core team will answer them immediately.

Community
During the last year there have been an influx of software developers from the community starting to create features for NAV.

navexplorer.com
An examples is navexplorer.com which is programmed by community developer prodpeak and is a block explorer for NavCoin. Additionally, it functions as a interface to see what is going on in the community fund. It shows pending proposals and payment requests.

NEXT Wallet
The NEXT Wallet is an alternative wallet for NAV and other cryptocurrencies. It has a beautiful user interface and is additionally the easiest interface to interact with the community fund (create proposals, create payment requests and vote for proposals and payment requests). It is programmed by community developer sakdeniz who put hundreds of hours into it during last year.

There were also some marketing activities starting to emerge with the release of the community fund. Some of these were for example free stickers for everyone in the NAV community to stick to their car / shop / window etc. or YouTube videos of CryptoCandor and Cryptomoonie that explained the details of NAV. I am sure, that with the 500'000 NAV available in the community fund per year there will be an influx of gread ideas - development as well as marketing activities - that will be funded.

The Future

Introduction
These features are planned for the future. Many of the following features are part of the 2019 roadmap. Some will not be described in great detail because not much is known about them yet. I've still listed them as they are part of what is yet to come.

Features
Rimu - Improved Privacy Solution
NavCoin used to be a optional privacy coin. That means, that you could choose to send a transaction in private. NavCoin was criticized for the way it handles private payments because it relied on a few servers which didn't make it that decentralized. The technology was called "NavTech" and was a secondary blockchain that obscured the transaction and the amount that was sent. NavCoin Core is currently developing a new improved privacy solution that will make the private payment system completely trustless and districuted and runs at a protocol level. Alex of the NavCoin Core team has published a paper that describes this new privacy solution. It's called Zero Confidential Transactions and can be found here: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330366788_ZeroCT_Improving_Zerocoin_with_Confidential_Transactions_and_more. What I want to highlight is the collaboration between Alex as the proposer of the solution and the Veil team, a Bitcoin Core developer and Moneros main cryptographer as reviewers. When the best work together, it will be interesting to see what the outcome is!

Valence Plattform [8]
Valence is an applied Blockchain platform that can help businesses realise the tangible benefits of blockchain. You can think of Valence as a platform with which you can build Anonymous Distributed Applications (aDapps) with. But Valence is a different kind of platform that enables developers to create new types of blockchain applications. The problem with current (turing complete) dApp platforms are their complexity and rigid nature. Security holes in smart contracts and scaling issues happen frequently [9].
Valence provides transitional pathways that let businesses migrate only part of their activities to the blockchain without having to restructure their entire business model [9].
Valence will provide a spectrum of blockchain application solutions which sit along the decentralized spectrum, offering businesses simple ways to dip their toes into the blockchain at minimal risk or complexity [9].
Thanks to the proof of stake nature of the Valence blockchain, more of a node's resources can be used for processing and routing application data which makes the platform faster and scalable.
Valence aims to make building blockchain applications as accessible to the general public as WordPress or Squarespace has made building websites.
The developers NavCoin and Valence aim to make Valence extremely easy to work with:
A Valence application could be an open source mobile or web application that submits unencrypted or encrypted data directly to the blockchain. The only configuration necessary for the app developer would be setting up the data structure. Once they've done that they can start writing to the blockchain immediately.
The Valence blockchain interface is language agnostic, meaning developers are free to build applications in whichever language they're familiar with, which greatly reduces the barrier to entry.
As the platform progresses, Valence will introduce more and more smart contract templates in collaboration with the development community. These will be like plugins that users can simply select and configure for their application, without having to reinvent the wheel and risk contract errors or spend countless hours of research to program them.

NavShopper
The following information is taken from the latest weekly news: NavShopper is a new project which will allow people to spend NavCoin on a growing list of retailers and service providers. NavShopper sits between traditional retailers accepting fiat and NavCoin users and purchases products on behalf of the user by managing the crypt-fiat conversion, payment and shipping. This project will unlock many more ways for people to spend NAV on existing websites/marketplaces without requiring each site to individually accept cryptocurrencies. Some of the prototypes we are working on include crediting your Uber account, buying products on Amazon and donating to charities.

Kauri Wallet
The Kauri Wallet aims to be an open-source, multi-currency wallet which functions as a foundation for other features.

Kauri Enhanced
Enhancements to the Kauri Wallet will allow multiple accounts, pin numbers, recurring payments and more.

Kauri DAEx
The Kauri DAEx is a Decentralised Atomic Exchange that utilises the features of the Kauri Wallet and enables users to create safe peer to peer atomic exchanges for any currency supported by the Kauri Wallet. NavDelta NavDelta will be a payment gateway that allows users to spend NAV at any business which accepts currencies supported by the Kauri Wallet. NavMorph NavMorph is a fusion of Rimu and Kauri DAEx and will allow to privately send every cryptocurrency supported by the Kauri Wallet.

Outro

If you have made it this far: Congratulations! You have learned about how NAV evolved, what its current state is and what the future will bring. To sum all up: NavCoin has made incredible progress during last year and released many long awaited features despite the bear market. Many more exciting features are yet to come and it's going to be very interesting to see where we will stand on this day next year.

Giveaway

Unfortunately, the giveaway was not possible in the cryptocurrency-subreddit because of their rules, so I'm doing it here :-) As a surprise, in the next few hours I am going to send some NAV to everyone who wants to try out the awesome features you have read about above.
To get your NAVs, all you have to do is the following:
If you liked the experience, I'd be happy to hear back from you :)

References

[1] https://encrypt-s.com/company/
[2] https://navcoin.org/en/roadmap/
[3] https://navhub.org/get-involved/
[4] https://navhub.org/how-to-guide/
[5] https://navhub.org/assets/NavCoinDeveloperManifesto.pdf
[6] https://navhub.org/assets/NavCoinContentManifesto.pdf
[7] https://navhub.org/assets/NavCoinBrandGuidelines.pdf
[8] https://valenceplatform.org/
[9] https://valenceplatform.org/learn/business-on-the-blockchain-made-easy/
[10] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=679791.msg8320228#msg8320228
submitted by crypto_sIF to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Kickstarter Roundup: Feb 11, 2018 | 28 Ending Soon (including: UBOOT) & 53 New This Week (including: CO2: Second Chance)

What this is:

This is a weekly, curated listing of Kickstarter tabletop games projects that are either:
All board game projects meeting those criteria will automatically be included, no need to ask. (But the occasional non-board game project may also sneak in!)
Expect new lists each Sunday sometime between 12:00am and 12:00pm PST.

Ending Soon

Project Info Status Backers Avg Pledge Ending Comments
THE ART OF TOKAIDO Admire, gathered in a single work for the very first time, all of the original graphical creations that make the universe of TOKAIDO. (Has currently earned €25,751 of €20,000) 128% 373 €69 02-12 kicktraq #bling
Tiny Cloud : the 2.5$ game A quick dexterity game for 2 players. Simple to learn, fun to play. (Has currently earned €202 of €200) 101% 71 €3 02-12 kicktraq
SUET the Card Game - Evil Geniuses & Dastardly Devices A light, fast paced "take that" card game that will have you laughing maniacally or crying... or maybe both! (Has currently earned $2,051 of $500) 410% 64 $32 02-12 kicktraq #take2
Roll Out Boards: Pegs & Jokers Board Game Pegs & Jokers, A Game of Strategy, Chance, & Tricks. Roll Out Boards Has Developed A Creative Twist On A Classic Game. (Has currently earned $1,460 of $1,150) 126% 35 $42 02-12 kicktraq
Bugs: Into the Tunnels Two Hour Wargames brings you "Bugs: Into the Tunnels" - a complete game playable with our minis and resin tunnel sections (Has currently earned $3,447 of $2,500) 137% 36 $96 02-13 kicktraq
The Scarlet Pimpernel: Signature Edition Join the Scarlet Pimpernel on his daring adventures in this beautiful new euro strategy game! (Has currently earned $46,134 of $15,000) 307% 717 $64 02-13 kicktraq
BattleMats: Dragon's Dungeon Lair Giant RPG Encounter Mat Gaming mats designed especially for table top roleplaying games; physical printed vinyl mats and digital images or both. make 100 (Has currently earned £2,419 of £300) 806% 145 £17 02-13 kicktraq #bling
America Falling America Falling is a new board game by Ty Bomba that explores the end of America. (Has currently earned $13,217 of $10,000) 132% 208 $64 02-13 kicktraq
Super PACS: The Game of Politics 2017 Expansion Set All new cards for Super PACS: The Game of Politics... inspired by political events of 2016 and 2017 (not a standalone game.) (Has currently earned $3,098 of $1,000) 309% 101 $31 02-14 kicktraq #expansion base game
MaricopaCon 2018 and Macro-Con 2018 What is this madness? We are back for our sixth year funding project, and partnering with Macro-Con to give you a two for one deal! (Has currently earned $6,305 of $6,000) 105% 107 $59 02-14 kicktraq #con
Lightning & Bolt — an asymmetric co-op superhero adventure! A game of superheroes & robots for parents & kids, from the creator of Vast & the illustrator of Everdell // A proud part of MAKE 100 (Has currently earned $4,915 of $3,500) 140% 417 $12 02-14 kicktraq
UBOOT The Board Game A real-time, app-driven board game of WW2 submarine warfare. This underwater war thriller will put your skills to the ultimate test. (Has currently earned £551,051 of £65,000) 847% 7451 £74 02-15 kicktraq
Make 100: Brian's Got Game - Board Game Reviews We need your help to make 2018 our best year of game reviews (Has currently earned $1,776 of $500) 355% 99 $18 02-15 kicktraq #show
Seize the Bean - A Light-Hearted Deck Builder about Berlin! Thematic deck builder with brutal resource management, card drafting, set collection, engine building, modular setup & wild components! (Has currently earned €82,081 of €20,000) 410% 1984 €41 02-15 kicktraq
Home on Lagrange Become the Admiral of your own station as the human race attempts to colonise outer-space in this strategic card game. (Has currently earned £16,197 of £19,500) 83% 268 £60 02-15 kicktraq
The Catholic Card Game - a party game for Catholics A game the Pope could play. (Has currently earned $24,117 of $22,000) 109% 540 $45 02-15 kicktraq
Dead Men Tell No Tales: Board Game Expansion + Miniatures The Kraken game expansion and miniatures addon for Dead Men Tell No Tales cooperative board game. (Has currently earned $69,864 of $50,000) 139% 919 $76 02-15 kicktraq #expansion base game
Warpgate Conquer the galaxy in less than an hour! (Has currently earned $39,242 of $10,000) 392% 607 $65 02-16 kicktraq #take2
Warriors of Jogu: Feint Outwit your opponent in this tactical card game of bluffing and deduction. (Has currently earned $9,276 of $8,000) 115% 180 $52 02-16 kicktraq
Noises At Night A pleasant night of mystery & deduction. Up to four detectives will face off to collect points while protecting their own identity. (Has currently earned $25,243 of $6,000) 420% 684 $37 02-16 kicktraq
Valeria: Card Kingdoms - Shadowvale The next thrilling expansion - Shadowvale - introduces all new Monsters, Citizens and Domains, with a twist of classic horror. (Has currently earned $76,258 of $15,000) 508% 2109 $36 02-16 kicktraq #expansion base game
Gentes - Deluxified™ Edition Tasty Minstrel Games & Game Brewer present Stephen Risthaus' "Gentes" a game about ancient civilizations- in Deluxified™ Format! (Has currently earned $369,794 of $40,000) 924% 5432 $68 02-17 kicktraq
Bitcoin Empire: To The Moon 2.0 A card game about bitcoin and a conspiracy that the moon landings are fake. (Has currently earned £865 of £300) 288% 19 £46 02-17 kicktraq #take2
Crab Dash! - A hermit crab racing/betting board game. A fast-paced hermit crab racing/betting board game. Crab Dash delivers the excitement and betting aspect of a real hermit crab race. (Has currently earned $1,861 of $5,400) 34% 52 $36 02-17 kicktraq
Bombs Away Bombs Away is a cutthroat party game of strategy, deception, and trust building for 4-10 players. (Has currently earned $6,712 of $9,000) 74% 85 $79 02-17 kicktraq
Killer Eyelashes, the card game An adventure card game. All makeup in the world has been infected turning everyone into zombies except you... A Drag with superpowers! (Has currently earned €9,103 of €9,000) 101% 283 €32 02-18 kicktraq
The Ghosts of Midlam Manor Midlam Miniatures are pleased to present a collection of nine 28mm scale ghost miniatures for use in all of your fantasy games. (Has currently earned £3,996 of £600) 666% 130 £31 02-18 kicktraq #minis
The Keyring RPG Carry the stories with you, wherever you go (Has currently earned kr48,643 SEK of kr60,000 SEK) 81% 173 kr281 SEK 02-18 kicktraq #rpg

New This Week

Project Info Status Backers Avg Pledge Ending Comments
'RELEASE THE MONKS' Please back this project for a pack of 5 x 28mm metal ikko ikki Warrior Monks for my current 28mm Samurai Range (Has currently earned £120 of £1,000) 12% 2 £60 02-25 #minis
#refugee Card Game A dynamic 2-4 player game about the plight of refugees that challenges players to consider the impacts of their decisions. (Has currently earned $1,379 of $7,000) 19% 33 $42 03-07 #take2
+3 DEGREES A strategic board game set in 2080. Can you save & rebuild planet Earth with limited resources, robots and temperatures at +3 Degrees? (Has currently earned $643 of $25,000) 2% 10 $64 03-09
1,000-Year Beard: The Card Game A fast paced, fuzzy-fun game of cards & dice for up to 4 players. Grow your own Dwarven Beard for a thousand years and win! (Has currently earned $672 of $6,000) 11% 36 $19 03-09
14 x 24 Space Themed Game Mat for any Card or Board Game Make this space themed game mat a reality. I designed the exact play mat I wanted for tabletop miniature game play,now lets get it made (Has currently earned $648 of $300) 216% 30 $22 02-24 #bling
Act of Treason A social board game of deception and intrigue for 5 to 10 players. (Has currently earned $1,469 NZD of $35,000 NZD) 4% 29 $51 NZD 02-24
Adventure on the edge of extinction in a war between worlds Centuries of war between the Viahem and the Mesohem left the world broken. In the aftermath, Invaders from space begin the war anew. (Has currently earned £1,147 of £1,000) 114% 75 £15 03-11 #rpg
Age of Æther An historical steampunk fantasy RPG where the Age of Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution engage Fantasy Sword and Sorcery action. (Has currently earned $3,732 of $2,000) 186% 46 $81 03-07 #rpg
Amongst Thieves No one likes having to follow the rules, that is why we created a game where cheating is not only allowed, but required. (Has currently earned $336 of $12,000) 2% 6 $56 03-08
Animal Ailments - The Wild Miming Game! A Gorilla with Brainfreeze?! A Hyena with a Hangover?! Act out ridiculous combinations in this hilarious family friendly party game. (Has currently earned £1,723 of £3,500) 49% 51 £34 03-14
Anklebiters - Pixies VS Gremlins Pixies and Gremlins face off in this light strategy whimsical card game. (Has currently earned $8,805 CAD of $7,000 CAD) 125% 239 $37 CAD 03-08 #take2
Around The Campfire An inspiring storytelling game that incites imagination. It incorporates fantasy, and overall is fun and easy to play! (Has currently earned $135 of $1,000) 13% 3 $45 03-08
BattlePool A new type of game played on a pool table. Get the game set and play for real or download the mobile app and play as you go. (Has currently earned €42 of €20,000) 0% 2 €21 03-08
Billionaire Sergeant : A game about betrayal Billionaire Sergeant is a social deduction game for 4-6 players. Its a game all about alliance, betrayal and corruption. (Has currently earned HK$66,285 of HK$90,000) 73% 135 HK$491 03-12
British vs Pirates Volume 2 The immersive ship combat strategy game set during the Golden Age of Piracy. Only a 3-week campaign! (Has currently earned $35,926 of $50,000) 71% 216 $166 03-01 #expansion base game
BUSINESS PANDA BEACH PARTY The fifth party game from Jack Dire, creator of Superfight. Prepare for some very loud game nights. (Has currently earned $3,919 of $20,000) 19% 151 $26 03-23
Cards With No Sexuality - Another Unofficial Expansion Do you love Cards Against Humanity? Do you wish you had more cards that were the right amount of funny? Well here's a thing I did. (Has currently earned $90 of $4,000) 2% 6 $15 03-22
CO2: Second Chance Your second chance to try to save the planet! The famous Vital Lacerda boardgame comes back in a new edition! (Has currently earned €133,056 of €30,000) 443% 2088 €64 02-28 #2.0 1st ed
Comic Turns The comic strip storytelling game. A creative card game system for adults and kids 7+. 3 ways to play included. Play, create, explore! (Has currently earned £1,118 of £4,000) 27% 58 £19 03-13
Cypress Legacy: The Board Game, Table Top Games, Board Games Cypress Legacy: The Board Game is an adventurous and competitive game for two to six players, based on the Cypress Inheritance Saga. (Has currently earned $1,242 of $50,000) 2% 15 $83 03-09 #take6 #hmm
Do Not Die A fast paced, challenging game of survival based on management of vitals and resource crafting. Fun and exciting for all ages! (Has currently earned $1,057 of $11,998) 8% 21 $50 03-08
DOJO Play Mats, thematic playing surfaces for card games A Kickstarter for play mats featuring thematic, simple ink wash artwork. Usable with any card game and many other tabletop games. (Has currently earned £2,719 of £500) 543% 94 £29 03-08 #bling
Fields of Agincourt: A Combative Tile Laying Board Game Fields of Agincourt is a combative tile-placement game for 2-5 players. (Has currently earned $4,797 of $27,650) 17% 87 $55 03-08
Geography game This game will help people learn more about geography and most importantly help them learn about the world.This is extremely beneficial (Has currently earned £25 of £40,000) 0% 1 NA 04-06 #lolwut
HASTINGS 1066 Game Part of the Break the Line Series. This fast playing card game for 2 players lets you refight this important battle from history. (Has currently earned $2,978 of $1,000) 297% 63 $47 02-28
Hell Awaits... Wave 2 Second Wave of hand sculpted 28mm Demon miniatures ready to be summoned into your homes. (Has currently earned £1,046 of £600) 174% 24 £44 02-26 #minis
Hex Chest Mini Dice Boxes and Pebble Dice Go small and go home: tiny dice with tiny dice boxes (Has currently earned $38,394 of $5,000) 767% 729 $53 03-10 #bling
HORIAN BOOMS; Minimal board games collection This project introduces two board games in one package of Horian Booms series. (Has currently earned $620 of $30,000) 2% 1 NA 03-12 #hmm
Lunch Time Legends - Happy Hour Play as one of six foody Managers, hire more family, dominate the Food Court and become the ultimate Lunch Time Legend! (Has currently earned $50 AUD of $12,000 AUD) 0% 1 NA 03-07 #take2
Miniatures for Collectors & Gamers Help us start our new line of Miniatures: High Quality resin pieces in 90mm and 28-32mm for Collectors, Painters and Gamers. (Has currently earned €2,159 of €6,500) 33% 39 €55 03-09 #minis
New MexiCon 2018 This is the Fifth Annual New MexiCon, New Mexico's only indie tabletop roleplaying game convention! (Has currently earned $3,395 of $1,500) 226% 25 $136 02-27 #con
Offend The World - How Many Can YOU Offend? The fast paced card game of languages and offence. Learn how to offend 3,200,000,000 people and your friends! How many can you offend? (Has currently earned £586 of £15,000) 3% 23 £25 03-11
Opticall Cards "Opticall" is a statistical bluffing card game. (Has currently earned $1,757 CAD of $3,500 CAD) 50% 25 $70 CAD 03-08 #hmm
Pip dice (CNC pattern) Classical CNC Dice in new design for tabletop games and collectors. (Has currently earned €613 of €500) 122% 22 €28 02-20 #dice
PLANETOPIA: A deck and pattern building game for 2-5 players Embody a planet, attract life forms, arrange your living spaces and prove that your planet is the most prestigious of all! (Has currently earned €4,602 of €8,000) 57% 144 €32 03-06
Prehistory A prehistoric themed strategy board game with unique mechanisms for 2-4 players. (Has currently earned €32,267 of €25,000) 129% 545 €59 03-08
Roil: The Strategy Card Game A secrete cabal and pernicious fate...sounds like family game night. A family friendly strategy card game for 2-4 players. (Has currently earned $1,047 of $2,900) 36% 18 $58 03-07 #take2
Rune Society Play a variety of competitive formats or team up against a powerful Nemesis in this unique strategic card game. (Has currently earned $2,928 of $15,045) 19% 93 $31 03-02
SAVAGE CHOICES - The Party Game That Will Ruin Your Life Whose life would you choose to live? Decide between your favorite heroes, villains, TV, movie and other crazy characters. (Has currently earned $13,404 CAD of $7,000 CAD) 191% 348 $39 CAD 03-09 #lolwut
Sonic the Hedgehog: Battle Racers A Pre-painted Miniatures Racing Board Game for 2 - 5 players. Race past Badniks and Bosses, collecting Rings in a sprint to the finish. (Has currently earned $42,425 of $50,000) 84% 356 $119 03-02 #take2
Space Park Ride a rocket to extraordinary destinations. Gather crystals during your travels. Become the Galaxy's next great explorer. (Has currently earned $24,546 of $25,000) 98% 779 $32 03-08
State of Wonder - A Card Game of Siege and State Take fate into your own hands in State of Wonder - a card game of Deceit, Predictions and Strategy. Can you take the throne of Scathia? (Has currently earned kr23,711 SEK of kr30,000 SEK) 79% 51 kr465 SEK 03-02
Subatomic: An Atom Building Board Game A deck-building game where particle physics & chemistry collide! Use quarks to build subatomic particles & those particles build Atoms! (Has currently earned $75,596 of $12,500) 604% 1422 $53 03-08
Super Chess The ultimate card game for chess enthusiasts (Has currently earned £239 of £1,000) 23% 19 £13 03-09
Tantrum House Board Game Reviews: Season 5 Tantrum House needs your support to continue creating the high quality board game review content you love! (Has currently earned $4,052 of $3,000) 135% 180 $23 02-26 #show
The Arks: An Intergalactic Game Of Discovery Join the race to discover the secrets of The Arks - a brand new tabletop game for 2 to 6 players! (Has currently earned £176 of £10,000) 1% 8 £22 03-09
The Wyrmwood Adventurer's Arsenal Storage for dice and miniatures, a rolling tray and a pencil make the Wyrmwood Adventurer's Arsenal the perfect tabletop RPG companion. (Has currently earned $198,013 of $10,000) 1980% 1144 $173 03-08 #bling
Tiny Cloud : the 2.5$ game A quick dexterity game for 2 players. Simple to learn, fun to play. (Has currently earned €202 of €200) 101% 71 €3 02-12
Treasure Mountain - Dig Deep, But Not Too Deep! A dwarf themed board game for 2-4 players, using a unique bumping worker placement mechanic based on the size of your dwarf's beard. (Has currently earned $20,917 of $30,000) 69% 325 $64 03-07
WarTopia : Defend Your Gold, Conquer More! Easy; Fast Paced; Wildly Fun Competitive 4 to 6 Player Game that Brings Out the Most Skillful, Lucky, Strategic, and Greedy People! (Has currently earned $660 of $15,000) 4% 7 $94 03-07 #take2
Wibbell++ : 6 games exploring words, letters & language. The 6 games feature co-operative word-building, shouting, shape recognition, storytelling, creativity in language and analysis. (Has currently earned £2,716 of £4,800) 56% 119 £23 02-22
Looking for more comprehensive Kickstarter gaming information? Check out the meta listings on BGG, explore Kicktraq's data-driven views, or, of course, Kickstater's Tabletop Category.

Footnotes

  • #hmm means that something about the project seems a little off. Buyer beware kinda thing.
  • #lolwut is reserved for projects that seem like trainwrecks. Check 'em out for amusement.
  • #take tags are for projects that have been restarted for some reason, with the number indicating what iteration we're currently on.
  • Did I miss something? Particularly stuff that might go in the Comments column? Let me know and I'll add it in.
Tip Jar - Keep me in Kickstarter money.
submitted by Zelbinian to boardgames [link] [comments]

The truth about trading: altcoins

I have not been able to focus on writing the past couple of weeks now. I have learned a lot about using multiple different exchanges over the past couple weeks. I went from GDAX, to Binance to Kucoin. I have learned a lot and what I am about to tell you is my honest opinion.
The Hay Way Investing in crypto is better done when you research a coin. DYOR is a legit term, even sounds like what it means. Do Your Own Research. Start here David Hay
Read Read some books about economics and especially Bitcoin. My favorite books on Bitcoin Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies: A Comprehensive Introduction and Digital Gold: Bitcoin and the Inside Story of the Misfits and Millionaires Trying to Reinvent Money. Knowing the history and how Bitcoin works is fundamental I believe in this journey. Another great read I believe will make you look at money forever different How an Economy Grows and Why It Crashes
Telegram & Alt Coins I think you should get Telegram. I am not kidding. It is amazing to connect with people from the different Exchanges, coins and dev channels. I warn you right now, you will be targeted for spam channels. You will be targeted in some cases by elaborate stories and ruses. You need to DYOR before following these blindly. Remember jumping into any investment without DYOR is a mistake, there is no free cake in this world. Someone I know was contacted by someone saying they should invest in a coin, it was about to explode, they were hyping about x3 x4 returns. My friend jumped all over it and did DYOLR, do your own little research. Which was is ok, but not wise. All ICO/Crypto Channels
Remember, when you go into telegram you are gonna be on the front lines of Alt coins and you are deeper in the inception of Cryptocurrencies. You are no longer in the kiddy pool. What I mean is that out in the Alt ocean there are more predators. There are more people running scams and tricks to get you to be baited in and lured in. You are not gonna get people saying Ethereum is about to make you rich, how Bitcoin is about to explode, how Litecoin is gonna x3 x4. When you are on Telegram you will run into groups and people, personally over messages and in channels pressuring you in the sweetest way to invest. How to spot a scam on telegram (which I get most info from Here):
Take Profits When you are in an altcoin maybe from the bottom, maybe you are making it big. Never just keep hodling. Remember this and say it with me What goes up must come down. I am a huge hodler and swing trader but I am telling you something. Take profits. Do not let greed ruin your feed. What I mean is that rocket pumps and jumps and quick increases (within a couple days) in price on an alt specifically are the result of a pump. Some are subtle you would never know it. Let me share a story with you.
“…I am upset I have lost so much money… this is what happened… someones messages me on Telegram telling me it alright, I had just lost money. But they say … If I wanna make a profit invest in this coin. So I do. It is great! because you know what ?! it begins to go up up up. I am excited, someone was nice enough to help me out. Such cool. I put more and more money into this altcoin. I mean I believe in the tech, the ideas and the situation is just amazing.… I mean I am making tons of money on my initial investment. It wont stop groing up this is fantastic. I make everything I have into it. With these gains I am going to come out on top. Lambos and all that. Then poof… I have feeling. Maybe I am get scammed this seems all too good to be true. I look at my messages from "the tipper friend" at times I feel like I am talking to a different person, it doesnt seem like the same person. They said oneday they bought some coin it for $.50 and just now they said they actually got it for $1.00. That I should hold and not sell… I have this weird feeling, but I am making increase. By the time it $8.00 I could not believe it. I asked "the tipper" you know he is like my best friend right now, I ask if I should sell, he reminded me to not sell no matter what, do not do it. If you do it you have weak hands, you must hold... but then everything began to drop right after their big annoucement. I wasnt worried I knew they were gonna go back up. He said so… But then Asia banned thing happened and the market just crashed I lost half of everything I owned in that… it hit me… maybe I can help them out maybe do work for them on the side… I mean I want the coin to go back up… I can help build website… my friend laughed at me… he say I work for them now, they give me the money they took from me… ha whatever… well… I ended up helping out and…. To me it felt me I felt trapped. I felt like I owed them something... only to come to find out that whatever just happened was planned maybe and I have this hope if I help out maybe it will go back up.. but it never did…”<
I think its a true story… maybe exaggerated some. You will find these if you ask around. The reality is real, scammers do exist. What is happening in these situations is that often a large group of people are gathered together to hear about a new “coin taking off” one by one they are pulled into a telegram channel. In fact it “the boom” may have already started and the tech seems legitimate enough, you will quickly be blinded by the quick jump in price. If you were in their shoes, you should be asking one question…. ”How did their ICO go? Was it profitable or not?”. Because if it was not, more than likely they are gonna do something whatever it takes to take profit to get their tech started… What you see happening also is that tech that may be great oneday… Remember that “oneday” could be 1-3 years from now. Story of NEO… Rags to Riches.
So you have to presume a coins team will do whatever and be as dirty as they can to make ends meet, often it means taking money from innocent people. In this specific situation, the coin was being pumped surgically, not obviously, so it legitimacy seemed legit. Another question that should of been asked is “Where is the working product? If you do not see one what makes you think other investors will actually like the idea?” There were no obvious big signs of a pump, so you can easily think this is all ”Organic”. There is nothing organic in one week in this industry. ”Ask yourself did that 400% literally just happen in a couple days?” because if its too good to be true, let me explain this to you in simple terms. IT IS. Even though slowly and surely the price rose and people held out, no weak hands here… But what is happening is that people holding lost a lot when the devs. and whales sold their coins… you have to be aware many of the smaller coins will have either premined their coins or bought up a ton when it was only cents. They essentially will cash out huge returns.
A “premine” distribution system, while not necessarily an indication of a scam suggests that the creators of the cryptocurrency already own a portion of the cryptocurrency before it hits the exchange.<
It happens, it is normal, but in ways it is wrong, especially if you are new to Altcoins. Read More Here. Buy the dip and sell the news is true. If this user would of done that, they would have made out probably ok, so next time take profits… say it with me what goes up must come down.
The Fud Truth This term is thrown a lot. It does not mean F'd up data. But essentially that is what it is, Fear, Uncertainty & Doubt. In my experience people who specifically had showen good data on their Reddit comments or posts or on Telegram that proved some FUD. They were banned, kicked out or shutdown. If you notice a truly negative or hostile atmosphere to people because they are FUD, you need to step back for second and look around. Who do you actually know here, is it just your "tipper" friend. Really think about the FUD when it comes out. Because if the person above would of listened to the FUD they would not be where they are now. Fud Reddit.
Rest. Take some time and rest from this. I cannot explain to you the amount of hours I have spent looking at my phone. My computer. Talking on Telegram, acting as if I am being paid for it. Doing little graphic design work here and there. Take a break and have a life. Because at the end of the day your time is what you are using to pay for this. When you buy an alt coin you or anything for that matter you are spending the time you took to make that money. Remember your losing on both ends if you spend your time making money to spend more time losing or making that money. Watch this. Time is your currency.
Tl;dr Get telegram, scams happen more in altcoins, build relationships, research, listen to the FUD, rest.
Edit:spelling errors and link error. Wow I cannot thank you guys enough, your responses have been encouraging. cryptocurrency can be a place of quality and we can decide to do that everyday. I encourage each of you to share what is happening to you, what you have learned.
submitted by promyth3us to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Cash Fund - Monthly Report - February

Bitcoin Cash Fund - Monthly Report - February
 
At the end of every month we will be writing an update on the Bitcoin Cash Fund to keep everyone up-to-date on what has been going on.
 
If you don't know what the BCF (Bitcoin Cash Fund) is go check out our website at thebitcoincash.fund or come and talk to us in our community chat at chat.thebitcoincash.fund.
 
 
General BCF Update
 
We have been making a lot of progress in February and putting a lot of structure in place so we have a solid basis for the rest of 2018. Our new website launches today. Go check it out at thebitcoincash.fund.
The site now contains an easier way to submit project proposals to us, and let us know you want to volunteer to help on projects. It contains lots more information now, and hopefully answers more questions that you might have.
This month we moved our community home over to Discord and you can join to at BCF Chat. We have tipping, raffles and a truly positive and open community there. We a truly proud of the community we are building there. Come and chat with us there any time you like.
 
Each monthly update will now contain an update from each of our team members.
 
Bitcoin Cash Ambassadors Update
There is now a total of 46 Bitcoin Cash meetups around the world.
 
 
The BCF is sponsoring all of these monthly meetups and providing support to the organizers. It is incredible to see how rapidly they are popping up all over the globe!
The BCF launched an Ambassador program. Ambassadors are committed to helping Bitcoin Cash reach one billion users in five years. They host monthly meetups in their communities, help plan and execute BCF initiatives as well as spread the Bitcoin Cash vision on social media. Ambassadors are automatically entered into a monthly raffle, receive Bitcoin Cash merchandise and have access to private channels within the BCF Discord.
 
Everyday people from different parts of the world contact us asking how they can be part of this incredible movement.
 
If you would like to become an Ambassador or host Bitcoin Cash meetups, join our official [Discord](ambassador.cash). Follow our official twitter account dedicated to coordinating the Ambassador program worldwide @BCFmeetups!
 
 
Merchant/Business On-boarding Update
We continue to see an influx of new merchants added daily. Tools like Rocketr.Net, and the new Coinbase merchants app has made it much easier for new ecommerce merchants to start accepting Bitcoin Cash. Through use of simple wallet apps, we are seeing new Brick and Mortar stores integrating Bitcoin Cash quite rapidly as well. We continue to form strategic alliances within the business to business space as well as the business to consumer space to ensure that our leads continue to be apprised of developments within the Bitcoin Cash ecosystem.
 
It is worth pointing out, while also calling out to the talented developers in the space, that a lack of BCH -> Fiat conversion tool continues to be a drawback for some smaller and larger merchants alike. Hedging against volatility and protecting their margins with fiat conversions is important for many merchants. For some, it is an integral part of their business model; thus awaiting a conversion tool due to the necessity of it for their business. We anticipate that the launch of a BCH to Fiat conversion platform will see an influx of new businesses of varying sizes onboard to Bitcoin Cash immediately thereafter.
 
In an attempt to assist the Brick and Mortar stores, we have and continue to update an exchange map that will allow them to easily find a local exchange with which they can convert their BCH to their local currency.
 
 
Online Community Update
 
Over the last month, we launched our new online community home over on Discord. In terms of our journey, we started off on Slack, migrated to Rocket.chat, and finally settled on Discord (our community has been very patient with us - thank you all). We had originally looked at Discord before Rocket.chat, but we were moving so fast we needed to make a decision.
 
A few major lessons we learned was that it’s incredibly important to factor in: user experience, mobile capabilities, and simple onboarding. With Discord, we took a lot more time setting everything up, taking in what worked/what didn’t over on Slack and Rocket.chat, and ensured we had everything we needed to scale better in the future. It helps that Discord is focused on building communities, unlike Slack which is more focused on enterprise teams.
 
Every community that forms always develops its own unique culture and behaviours. With our particular community, which encompasses Bitcoin Cash (BCH) doers, we needed to ensure that the tools didn’t get in the way of the doing.
 
For now, Discord is blowing everybody’s minds away with how fast and smooth it is, and we’re constantly implementing things like bots, BCH raffles, member level upgrades, etc. The goal with all this is to better help the BCH community of doers connect, form, and galvanise BCH globally.
 
So if you think of Discord as the BCF homebase for community interaction, Twitter, Facebook, etc. would be our outposts where we help share BCH/BCF news, community wins, and invitations to join us.
 
We’ll continue to keep you updated.
 
 
Marketing Update
 
#BCHforEveryone Campaign
 
February was the month that the #BCHforEveryone initiative was conceived. It spread like wildfire from the get-go, and I believe for one reason in particular.
I think we’ve all grown tired over the last six months of the family feud that is BTC vs. BCH. The Bitcoin Cash Fund aims to change the rhetoric around the bitcoin ecosystem, hence the #BCHforEveryone initiative.
 
Regardless of the name of the project, we can all utilize cryptocurrencies as a way to achieve something extraordinary. We’re not talking about money or technology here; we’re talking about people.
Bitcoin Cash and it’s community strive to better the lives of people all around the world, especially those that need it the most.
 
This month’s #BCHforEveryone feature comes from our newest Bitcoin Cash all-star, EatBCH. Located in the heart of Venezuela, a young man has turned an economic disaster into an opportunity to help his people. He has embodied what Bitcoin Cash was created for, and is now helping feed over 200 hungry Venezuelans with Bitcoin Cash donations.
Read his story here:
YOURS.ORG ARTICLE
 
 
Financial Transparency
 
We fully understand that as an organisation we need to be fully transparent about what we are doing, especially in the area of finances. We intend to have something more graphically presentable on our website once the second phase of development is complete, but for now you can see a list of all transactions we have made from the BCF donation address. You can also see this in this SPREADSHEET.
 
Our spending so far is:
  • November 2017 - $3,639
  • December 2017 - $8,299
  • January 2018 - $38,559
  • February 2018 - $30,332
 
 
ACTIVE PROJECTS
 
BCHinanutshell
A 5 part educational mini series explaining Bitcoin Cash, including: What is a blockchain What is a blocksize limit What is a hardfork How BCH was created Why Bitcoin Cash was created
Made by the creator of ‘How The Banks Bought Bitcoin | Lightning Network
 
Findbitcoincash
What's more exciting than a little treasure hunt? The Bitcoin Cash treasure hunt initiative is underway as we speak. Members of the community are now hiding Bitcoin Cash paper wallets around the world. As of writing this, we have been slowly pushing it out to ensure all kinks are worked out. There are currently over 100 wallets hidden in 10 countries across 4 continents. A number of wallets have already been claimed, these are also shown on the map.
The wallet has instructions designed to give beginners some background information about Bitcoin Cash, and a link to "https://findbitcoin.cash," which has instructions on how they can claim their funds. The site aims to serve a multitude of purposes:
Firstly, it hosts a map, where community members can hide wallets and provide geo-mapped clues as to where they are. Also shows where wallets were claimed. Secondly, a resource for beginners to learn some basics of Bitcoin Cash. Lastly, it provides links to resources in the community to expand their knowledge about the Bitcoin Cash ecosystem. We are thankful for those in the community who have hidden wallets around the world. We are expecting 100 new wallets to be hidden in Australia over the beginning of March along with some news coverage.
We encourage members of the community to create a couple of wallets and hide a few in your area, it’s fun, and a great way to educate those who may stumble upon the wallets a little bit about Bitcoin Cash. It’s also fun to see how long they take to get swept up, and rather intrinsically rewarding when they do.
As new wallets get loaded and submitted into new countries, we make sure to bring further awareness of the campaign by tweeting them out and tagging influential outlets within the community where they were hidden.
 
SeatacBCH
The goal of the SeatacBCH project is to prepare, deploy, and build a ground-based grassroots movement in the Seatac area of the U.S.A. to promote the acceptance of Bitcoin Cash at local businesses.
The project is just waiting on the completion of a new POS service.
 
BarberAd
George and his son, Andy are at the barbershop, when George suddenly remembers he left his wallet at home. Luckily, Andy has some Bitcoin Cash and sends his dad some. George then tips his barber, and pays for both their haircuts. There will also be humorous elements within the script. 2 different edits - One 30 second, and a 1:30 edit.
 
Business Onboarding Info Pack
A project to put together an info pack to get businesses started with Bitcoin Cash. The current plan is to include a pamphlet, some Bitcoin Cash Accepted Here" stickers, some leaflets aimed at users for the business to have available at the point-of-sale, and a paper wallet with small amount of Bitcoin Cash to play with. These packs will then be provided at meetups, events and anyone who needs them for onboarding businesses.
The information pamphlet is complete and on order. The stickers are complete and on order. We now have the ability to use custom designs on cashaddress.org. We are now in the process of creating the leaflet for users. There was a hold up on this while we looked for a graphic designer.
 
High Quality Bitcoin Cash Ad
The concept is to create a high-quality Bitcoin Cash ad that is accessible to the masses and that we can use to heavily advertise Bitcoin Cash in video form (e.g. on youtube, vimeo, and social media). The ad would be similar in nature to this ad by Coca Cola. It would show people all around the world using Bitcoin Cash (and having a great life) in their every day lives.
The tagline would be 'Bitcoin Cash - For everyone'. The idea is to show that Bitcoin Cash is a currency that is accessible to save and spend and receive by anyone and everyone in the world, and that by doing so people gain access to the global economy.
 
Bitcoin Cash Documentary
A project to be produced simultaneously as the ad to maximise fund use.
The documentary would target two key concepts:
  • 1. Why and how does Bitcoin Cash exist.
  • 2. Bitcoin Cash is used in a real economy by people all around the world, and these people need a good money system.
There would be a short motion graphic section in the documentary to explain the technical side of why/how Bitcoin Cash exists (e.g. block size, forks, on-chain scaling). This informational motion graphics section would also be suitable as a stand-alone video that can be used on social media to explain the situation.
We are now actively looking for people around the world who use Bitcoin Cash, and the ability to use it impact their lives. If this is you, or you know someone like this, please get in touch.
 
Project 1B
This project is a grand scheme to work towards on-boarding 1 billion people onto the Bitcoin Cash economy in developing countries.
The concept is to manufacture and sell $5 feature phones in large quantities in various developing countries, and have these devices partly subsidised by various parties including charities and mobile networks. These phones would have a simple user and merchant Bitcoin Cash app pre-installed and would be loaded with a few dollars worth of Bitcoin Cash. For example, the phone cost = $5 and the phone has $4 of Bitcoin Cash on it.
The apps will work with very low resources in a similar way to the wallets at yours.org.
 
Super Secret Website Project
We have a big website project we are working on internally (Not the BCF website). We will have some big updates on this over the coming month.
 
We are currently in the process of setting up many more exciting projects!
 
 
COMPLETE PROJECTS
 
TxHighway
Visualize the difference in speed and scalability by comparing Bitcoin Cash and Bitcoin Core's transactions using our highway themed blockchain visualizer. Unlock a bonus sprite with each donation back to the Bitcoin Cash Fund and monitor your address.
This project executed with massive success! Soon we hope to be working with the amazing team that built this site to produce a new educational tool.
 
What Is Bitcoin Cash?
This is an internal BCF project to produce a video similar to the What is Bitcoin? video, but remade for Bitcoin Cash. The voiceover for the video is the amazing Kevan Brighting who did the voiceover for the award winning game Stanley Parable. The video will be roughly 1:30 minutes long and should be completed within 2-3 weeks.
Work has started on the translations to Chinese, Spanish, Korean, Japanese, and French. This should take another week or so.
 
Bitcoin Cash Sound Branding
Internal BCF project to produce a branded sound for Bitcoin Cash payments. This sound would be used industry wide in apps when a bitcoin cash payment is sent or received. This sound would also be used in promotional video material to reinforce the brand. This sound would have a similar psychological effect as the macbook powering-on sound.
This is now complete and can be heard at the end of the new 'What is Bitcoin Cash?' video.
Please reach out to all the wallets that use Bitcoin Cash and show your support for the BCH sound branding.
 
 
If anyone has any questions feel free to post them below and we will try to answer any that you have.
The Bitcoin Cash Fund.
 
YOURS.ORG ARTICLE
submitted by bitcoincashfund to btc [link] [comments]

BAT Community Weekly Update: 04/06/2018 to 04/12/2018 — Brave hits 2M+ monthly active users, distributes Million Dollar referral program to content creators, Brave Browser added to all desktops at UC Berkeley OCF, internet bristling with indignation over online “surveillance economy”

Welcome to this week's community update! Lots of interesting news this week: Brave has reached over 2M monthly active users; we have also distributed the first part of the Million Dollar BAT referral program to online publishers and content creators! Additionally, we’ve got some awesome BAT Community merch giveaways coming up, so stay tuned for those (and read on for details…!) Big thanks to MurphD for his contributions.
 
Brave hits 2M+ Monthly Active Users and Distributes Million Dollar BAT Referral Program to Content Creators
Brave has now hit 2M+ monthly active users! This week, we are distributing the first part of our Million Dollar BAT referral program directly to online publishers and content creators. We’ve allocated up to $3 million worth of BAT to publishers and creators with our promotional programs so far. This is to a new, Braver web!
https://brave.com/million-dollar-distribution/
 
BAT Community Merch Giveaways!
We are excited to announce that starting Monday (4/16/18), we'll be starting a series of daily FREE BAT & Brave merch giveaways! Everyone in the community will have the opportunity to participate for a chance to win free BAT and Brave merch every Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. Each week will include multiple giveaways, and winners will be announced every Friday in our BAT Weekly Updates!
https://www.reddit.com/BATProject/comments/8btkij/bat_community_merch_giveaways/
 
Brave added to all desktops at UC Berkeley, Open Computing Facility (OCF)
After a talk at UC Berkeley by our Chief Information Security, the UC Berkeley Open Computing Facility installed Brave on all their computers! Over 600 unique people pass through the OCF every single day! We’re happy to see more adoption among lead tech adopters.
https://github.com/ocf/puppet/pull/308
 
Tor private tabs are shipping “very soon”, within ~1 month!
Brave will be the first mainstream browser to integrate Tor, right into the browser. When you open a private (“incognito tab”), you will have the ability to enable Tor and browse through the anonymizing Tor network.
 
More ongoing user growth pool BAT grants coming!
 
Credit card & debit card funding + more BAT for browsing shipping “very soon”
 
Luke Mulks from BAT team gives amazing new informative interview!
Luke on the Ryan Berkness show dropping some amazing BAT and Brave knowledge. People loved this inteview!
See the discussion here:
https://www.reddit.com/BATProject/comments/8acn67/new_interview_with_luke_from_brave_and_bat_basic/
Video here: https://youtu.be/LLxM7zg02KM
Reminder: Join the new official brave_browser subreddit for everything Brave!
Remember to subscribe to the official Brave subeddit at /brave_browser, where you can speak to more Brave engineers directly!
 

Client Updates:

Brave releases iOS client version 1.5.4
Fixed Adblock issue on YouTube, Browser lock feature
 

BAT/Brave in the News:

Facebook scandals boost privacy-focused social, search sites
Facebook's privacy scandals may be creating a stronger market for privacy-oriented sites and services, which are seeing a slow increase in use in the wake of the latest revelations.
Brave, a privacy-first, open-source web browser, saw an uptick in user adoption in the weeks since Facebook's Cambridge Analytica revelations. Brave recently hit the 2 million monthly average user mark.
https://www.axios.com/privacy-services-gaining-from-facebook-ac3b16c8-425c-42d1-9e80-5309c22a9c91.html
 
Can Blockchain Give Consumers More Control Over How They View Ads?
Despite his work building ad-blocking software, Eich said he thinks advertising will always have a place in the online media business.
“To me, the problem is surveillance capitalism,” Eich told Adweek. “Advertising is still attractive if it doesn’t involve treating the user as a farm animal to be sheared.”
http://www.adweek.com/digital/can-blockchain-give-consumers-more-control-over-how-they-view-ads/
 
Three Experts Weigh In on Blockchain’s Viability in Advertising
For the sell-side Luke Mulks, senior ad tech specialist at Brave Software identifies three key uses for blockchain.
He says that recording verifiable transactions to the blockchain will provide a clear record for settlements and other supply-chain data, and that direct exchanges executed through smart contracts will help reduce inefficiencies and the intermediary costs involved in the process. He also sees potential for a blockchain-based token that could be traded in exchange for gift cards and access to premium content.
http://videoadnews.com/2018/04/10/three-experts-weigh-in-on-blockchains-viability-in-advertising/
 
Fitz Maro from 360i Publishes a Recap of Blockchain: Foundation and Future Event, Featuring Brave and BAT
Late in March we hosted hundreds of hungry minds for a panel titled “Blockchain: Foundation and Future” in our NYC office. Joining our conversation, which was also broadcast on Facebook Live, were two of the blockchain industry’s most prominent minds: Luke Mulks from Brave, whose company is revolutionizing the digital advertising scene, and Fennie Wang, from ixo Foundation, a company that leverages blockchain technology to reimagine the nonprofit sector.
http://blog.360i.com/web-design/360i-hosts-expert-panelists-break-basics-blockchain
 

News You Should Know:

Zuckerberg Says Facebook Collects Internet Data on Non-Users
"In general we collect data on people who are not signed up for Facebook for security purposes,"
Zuckerberg said Wednesday in a hearing about the social network’s privacy practices in Washington before the House Energy and Commerce Committee.
His questioner, Representative Ben Lujan, a New Mexico Democrat, said the practice creates “shadow profiles.”
"You’ve said everyone controls their data, but you’re collecting data on people that are not even Facebook users who have never signed a consent, a privacy agreement," Lujan said.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-04-11/zuckerberg-says-facebook-collects-internet-data-on-non-users
 
Facebook sent a doctor on a secret mission to ask hospitals to share patient data
Facebook's pitch, according to two people who heard it and one who is familiar with the project, was to combine what a health system knows about its patients (such as: person has heart disease, is age 50, takes 2 medications and made 3 trips to the hospital this year) with what Facebook knows (such as: user is age 50, married with 3 kids, English isn't a primary language, actively engages with the community by sending a lot of messages).
The project would then figure out if this combined information could improve patient care, initially with a focus on cardiovascular health. For instance, if Facebook could determine that an elderly patient doesn't have many nearby close friends or much community support, the health system might decide to send over a nurse to check in after a major surgery.
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/04/05/facebook-building-8-explored-data-sharing-agreement-with-hospitals.html
 
Facebook Is Tracking Me Even Though I’m Not on Facebook
But while I've never "opted in" to Facebook or any of the other big social networks, Facebook still has a detailed profile that can be used to target me. I've never consented to having Facebook collect my data, which can be used to draw very detailed inferences about my life, my habits, and my relationships. As we aim to take Facebook to task for its breach of user trust, we need to think about what its capabilities imply for society overall. After all, if you do #deleteFacebook, you'll find yourself in my shoes: non-consenting, but still subject to Facebook’s globe-spanning surveillance and targeting network.
https://www.aclu.org/blog/privacy-technology/internet-privacy/facebook-tracking-me-even-though-im-not-facebook
 
Apple cofounder Steve Wozniak is quitting Facebook over data and privacy concerns
Apple cofounder Steve Wozniak said he planned to quit Facebook because he doesn't think the company respects user privacy or data.
"Users provide every detail of their life to Facebook and ... Facebook makes a lot of advertising money off this," Wozniak wrote in an email to USA Today. "The profits are all based on the user's info, but the users get none of the profits back."
[Hey, Brave users will be paid for their attention…]
http://www.businessinsider.com/apple-cofounder-steve-wozniak-quit-facebook-2018-4
 
Analysis | 14 years of Mark Zuckerberg saying sorry, not sorry
From the moment the Facebook founder entered the public eye in 2003 for creating a Harvard student hot-or-not rating site, he’s been apologizing. So we collected this abbreviated history of his public mea culpas.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2018/business/facebook-zuckerberg-apologies/
 
Facebook and Google’s Dirty Secret: They’re Really Junk Mail Empires
“the duopoloy’s core revenue stream is quite simply the targeted junk mail business of the ’90s reinvented and turbocharged for the 21st century. Google and Facebook clearly state in their SEC filings that their businesses are primarily funded by cost-effective, highly targeted advertising, and changes to data ownership policies are a significant risk to this business.”
https://www.thedailybeast.com/facebook-and-googles-dirty-secret-theyre-really-junk-mail-empires
 
YouTube and Facebook Are Losing Creators to Blockchain-Powered Rivals
The less centralized platforms keep more power—and potentially, privacy—in the hands of creators and users, says Ned Scott, who runs the Steem-based social network Steemit. In lieu of ads or selling user data, sites such as Scott’s rely on user growth to make their digital tokens ever more valuable.
“The whole experience is more transparent,” he says. “There won’t be many single authorities dictating how social media operates.”
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-04-10/youtube-and-facebook-are-losing-creators-to-blockchain-powered-rivals
 

Brave Team Tweets:

  • Why not use Bitcoin / Lightning Network for Brave? Brendan makes his point: BrendanEich @BrendanEich I'm aware of LN. It is not a generative tool for us. We were waiting for it over a year as bitcoin fees spiked on our users. Then we moved to BAT, which floated a user growth pool that no bitcoin moneybags was going to hand to us. Giving BAT out beats making LN users buy bitcoin. 4:42 PM - Apr 11, 2018
  • Why not use both Lightning Network and Ethereum? BrendanEich @BrendanEich Because product development is not free. We may add other methods over time, but each has a cost. LN is still new and people are working out bugs last I looked. What's the rush? 4:48 PM - Apr 11, 2018
  • Programming advice from CTO Brian Bondy Brian R. Bondy @brianbondy The best way to find a better solution to a hard programming problem is not in front of a computer staring at the more complicated solution, but in the shower, while you exercise, or even while you sleep. Life balance consistently leads to better more simple solutions. 10:02 PM - Apr 11, 2018
 

Roaring Fans on Twitter:

  • BlackAndWhiteTV‏ @bandwyoutube Check out the new vid! And download brave! 10:56 AM - 8 Apr 2018 [Note: Ad starts at 3:22: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7YYpQj56I08&feature=youtu.be&t=3m22s]
  • Casey Gray @caseygraysiReally enjoying the @brave browser plus w/ @metamask_io ease of use. Bravo @BrendanEich 3:25 PM - Apr 9, 2018
  • Karl Petrow @LrakWortep Started using brave, and my phone battery actually lasts all day. Love it. 8:58 PM - Apr 9, 2018
  • A Shark @nyc_data_geek Brave is an excellent, compact, multiplatform web browser built with user security in mind as the first and foremost [email protected] 9:07 PM - Apr 9, 2018
  • Jeff Anderson @NavyInnovator Significant distribution and decentralization of $BAT. Nice work @lukemulks and @brave 12:29 PM - Apr 10, 2018
submitted by CryptoJennie to BATProject [link] [comments]

Civic (CVC) vs. Bridge Protocol (IAM) Comparison

Civic (CVC) vs. Bridge Protocol (IAM) Technical Analysis
 
Based on popular demand (@cryptowesty & friends) I will be conducting a technical review of Civic Vs. Bridge Protocol (BP) and attempting to answer questions such as:
 
 
Do They Compete for the Same Market?
 
Bottom Line up Front:
 
They provide distinct services but have one area of overlap. BP deals with Know Your Customer (KYC) standardization, legal services, and building tools for business and ICOs that adhere to government regulations. Comparatively Civic deals primarily with linking the right identity validation provider with the requesting service providers without replicating the effort of gathering customer information. BP will be a creator of standards for enterprise level business solutions, while Civic will be creating a seamless link in pairing customers, service provider and the Identity verification services that the service providers trust.
 
For example, a government agency may want to verify your identity, if in the pool of validators DMV (example only) and McDonald's have verified your identity, the government will request the DMV's verification of your identity because they are more inline with the parameters of verification for the government.
 
The intersection of these service providers is the "Reusable KYC" service that Civic offers. KYC data is created once and can be shared with various services that may require KYC info such as on-line dating, travel, lending services, and others. The disparity is level of engagement that these organizations are targeting. BP's level of engagement is business/government standardization and services paired with user interaction vs Civic's efforts of meeting service providers need of customer ID verification and ease of use/security of customers providing this info.
 
BP is working to be THE STANDARD for the KYC process for businesses and ICOs effectively becoming the trusted source to validate customer identity despite the platform (ERC20, NEP5, BTC etc) that is being utilized creating Cross-blockchain Standardization. As the crypto space grows, there will be many companies that will require an established and regulatory compliant provider to streamline the verification of potential investors. BP will also offer legal services which usually is a financially burdening and resource intensive effort when starting initiatives. Just think about how many organizations in the crypto space that are unable to launch due to inability to achieve regulatory compliance or, shut down due to lack thereof. BP services will be key to ICO and business survivability and resilience to future market place regulation.
 
Civic wants to reduce the cost of Identity Verification (IDV), make it more efficient and secure and improve the user experience. The ecosystem consists of the customer, a validator (an entity that can confirm your data to be accurate) and service provider. The idea is that a user inputs their data into the Civic app and third party validators, validate this information. When dealing with a business that requires customer info, you will provide a hash (mathematical representation of your info) to the service provider so that they can request a trusted validator to confirm its accuracy. The validator charges the service provider a low cost for this service to offset to expenditure the validator endures in gathering this information.
 
As you can see, Civic is focused solely on connecting validators with service provider while BP is focused on KYC process and legal services. Who knows, Civic may need BP to be a validator in the future!
 
What Make Bridge Advantaged in Its Market?
 
 
How do they stack against one another?
 
 
 
 
 
 
Both products have utility in their respective market places and are not direct competitors although there does seem to be a point of intersection through Civics "Reusable KYC".
 
Civic vs. Bridge Protocol Comparison Chart
 
Shout out to Lena and Oxana from Cyber Studio for the graphic!!
 
Official Website 🌐 https://www.bridgeprotocol.io/
 
📣 Community links and Social Media 📣
 
Youtube -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ax4Xa6Emipg (Introduction video)
Discord - https://discordapp.com/invite/yrj6p5K
Twitter - https://twitter.com/BridgeProtocol
Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/BridgeProtocol/
Telegram - https://t.me/BRIDGEprotocol
Telegram Community - https://t.me/IAMbridgeprotocol
submitted by newyorktrini to iambridgeprotocol [link] [comments]

World History Timeline of Events Leading up to Bitcoin - In the Making

A (live/editable) timeline of historical events directly or indirectly related to the creation of Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies
*still workin' on this so check back later and more will be added, if you have any suggested dates/events feel free to lemme know...
This timeline includes dates pertaining to:
Ancient Bartering – first recorded in Egypt (resources, services...) – doesn’t scale
Tally sticks were used, making notches in bones or wood, as a form of money of account
9000-6000 BC Livestock considered the first form of currency
c3200 BC Clay tablets used in Uruk (Iraq) for accounting (believed to be the earliest form of writing)
3000 BC Grain is used as a currency, measured out in Shekels
3000 BC Banking developed in Mesopotamia
3000 BC? Punches used to stamp symbols on coins were a precursor to the printing press and modern coins
? BC Since ancient Persia and all the way up until the invention and expansion of the telegraph Homing Pigeons were used to carry messages
2000 BC Merchants in Assyria, India and Sumeria lent grain to farmers and traders as a precursor to banks
1700 BC In Babylon at the time of Hammurabi, in the 18th century BC, there are records of loans made by the priests of the temple.
1200 BC Shell money first used in China
1000-600 BC Crude metal coins first appear in China
640 BC Precious metal coins – Gold & Silver first used in ancient Lydia and coastal Greek cities featuring face to face heads of a bull and a lion – first official minted currency made from electrum, a mixture of gold and silver
600-500 BC Atbash Cipher
A substitution Cipher used by ancient Hebrew scholars mapping the alphabet in reverse, for example, in English an A would be a Z, B a Y etc.
400 BC Skytale used by Sparta
474 BC Hundreds of gold coins from this era were discovered in Rome in 2018
350 BC Greek hydraulic semaphore system, an optical communication system developed by Aeneas Tacticus.
c200 BC Polybius Square
??? Wealthy stored coins in temples, where priests also lent them out
??? Rome was the first to create banking institutions apart from temples
118 BC First banknote in the form of 1 foot sq pieces of white deerskin
100-1 AD Caesar Cipher
193 Aureus, a gold coin of ancient Rome, minted by Septimius Severus
324 Solidus, pure gold coin, minted under Constantine’s rule, lasted until the late 8th century
600s Paper currency first developed in Tang Dynasty China during the 7th century, although true paper money did not appear until the 11th century, during the Song Dynasty, 960–1279
c757–796 Silver pennies based on the Roman denarius became the staple coin of Mercia in Great Britain around the time of King Offa
806 First paper banknotes used in China but isn’t widely accepted in China until 960
1024 The first series of standard government notes were issued in 1024 with denominations like 1 guàn (貫, or 700 wén), 1 mín (緡, or 1000 wén), up to 10 guàn. In 1039 only banknotes of 5 guàn and 10 guàn were issued, and in 1068 a denomination of 1 guàn was introduced which became forty percent of all circulating Jiaozi banknotes.
1040 The first movable type printer was invented in China and made of porcelain
? Some of the earliest forms of long distance communication were drums used by Native Africans and smoke signals used by Native Americans and Chinese
1088 Movable type in Song Dynasty China
1120 By the 1120s the central government officially stepped in and produced their own state-issued paper money (using woodblock printing)
1150 The Knights Templar issued bank notes to pilgrims. Pilgrims deposited their valuables with a local Templar preceptory before embarking, received a document indicating the value of their deposit, then used that document upon arrival in the Holy Land to retrieve their funds in an amount of treasure of equal value.
1200s-1300s During the 13th century bankers from north Italy, collectively known as Lombards, gradually replace the Jews in their traditional role as money-lenders to the rich and powerful. – Florence, Venice and Genoa - The Bardi and Peruzzi Families dominated banking in 14th century Florence, establishing branches in many other parts of Europe
1200 By the time Marco Polo visited China they’d move from coins to paper money, who introduced the concept to Europe. An inscription warned, "All counterfeiters will be decapitated." Before the use of paper, the Chinese used coins that were circular, with a rectangular hole in the middle. Several coins could be strung together on a rope. Merchants in China, if they became rich enough, found that their strings of coins were too heavy to carry around easily. To solve this problem, coins were often left with a trustworthy person, and the merchant was given a slip of paper recording how much money they had with that person. Marco Polo's account of paper money during the Yuan Dynasty is the subject of a chapter of his book, The Travels of Marco Polo, titled "How the Great Kaan Causeth the Bark of Trees, Made Into Something Like Paper, to Pass for Money All Over his Country."
1252 Florin minted in Florence, becomes the hard currency of its day helping Florence thrive economically
1340 Double-entry bookkeeping - The clerk keeping the accounts for the Genoese firm of Massari painstakingly fills in the ledger for the year 1340.
1397 Medici Bank established
1450 Johannes Gutenberg builds the printing press – printed words no longer just for the rich
1455 Paper money disappears from China
1466 Polyalphabetic Cipher
1466 Rotating cipher disks – Vatican – greatest crypto invention in 1000 yrs – the first system to challenge frequency analysis
1466 First known mechanical cipher machine
1472 The oldest bank still in existence founded, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, headquartered in Siena, Italy
1494 Double-entry bookkeeping system codified by Luca Pacioli
1535 Wampum, a form of currency used by Native Americans, a string of beads made from clamshells, is first document.
1553 Vigenere Cipher
1557 Phillip II of Spain managed to burden his kingdom with so much debt (as the result of several pointless wars) that he caused the world's first national bankruptcy — as well as the world's second, third and fourth, in rapid succession.
1577 Newspaper in Korea
1586 The Babington Plot
1590 Cabinet Noir was established in France. Its mission was to open, read and reseal letters, and great expertise was developed in the restoration of broken seals. In the knowledge that mail was being opened, correspondents began to develop systems to encrypt and decrypt their letters. The breaking of these codes gave birth to modern systematic scientific code breaking.
1600s Promissory banknotes began in London
1600s By the early 17th century banking begins also to exist in its modern sense - as a commercial service for customers rather than kings. – Late 17th century we see cheques slowly gains acceptance
The total of the money left on deposit by a bank's customers is a large sum, only a fraction of which is usually required for withdrawals. A proportion of the rest can be lent out at interest, bringing profit to the bank. When the customers later come to realize this hidden value of their unused funds, the bank's profit becomes the difference between the rates of interest paid to depositors and demanded from debtors.
The transformation from moneylenders into private banks is a gradual one during the 17th and 18th centuries. In England it is achieved by various families of goldsmiths who early in the period accept money on deposit purely for safe-keeping. Then they begin to lend some of it out. Finally, by the 18th century, they make banking their business in place of their original craft as goldsmiths.
1605 Newspaper in Straussburg
c1627 Great Cipher
1637 Wampum is declared as legal tender in the U.S. (where we got the slang word “clams” for money)
1656 Johan Palmstruch establishes the Stockholm Banco
1661 Paper Currency reappears in Europe, soon became common - The goldsmith-bankers of London began to give out the receipts as payable to the bearer of the document rather than the original depositor
1661 Palmstruch issues credit notes which can be exchanged, on presentation to his bank, for a stated number of silver coins
1666 Stockholms Banco, the predecessor to the Central Bank of Sweden issues the first paper money in Europe. Soon went bankrupt for printing too much money.
1667 He issues more notes than his bank can afford to redeem with silver and winds up in disgrace, facing a death penalty (commuted to imprisonment) for fraud.
1668 Bank of Sweden – today the 2nd oldest surviving bank
1694 First Central Bank established in the UK was the first bank to initiate the permanent issue of banknotes
Served as model for most modern central banks.
The modern banknote rests on the assumption that money is determined by a social and legal consensus. A gold coin's value is simply a reflection of the supply and demand mechanism of a society exchanging goods in a free market, as opposed to stemming from any intrinsic property of the metal. By the late 17th century, this new conceptual outlook helped to stimulate the issue of banknotes.
1700s Throughout the commercially energetic 18th century there are frequent further experiments with bank notes - deriving from a recognized need to expand the currency supply beyond the availability of precious metals.
1710 Physiocracy
1712 First commercial steam engine
1717 Master of the Royal Mint Sir Isaac Newton established a new mint ratio between silver and gold that had the effect of driving silver out of circulation (bimetalism) and putting Britain on a gold standard.
1735 Classical Economics – markets regulate themselves when free of intervention
1744 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of the Rothschild Banking Empire, is Born in Frankfurt, Germany
Mayer Amschel Rothschild extended his banking empire across Europe by carefully placing his five sons in key positions. They set up banks in Frankfurt, Vienna, London, Naples, and Paris. By the mid 1800’s they dominated the banking industry, lending to governments around the world and people such as the Vanderbilts, Carnegies, and Cecil Rhodes.
1745 There was a gradual move toward the issuance of fixed denomination notes in England standardized printed notes ranging from £20 to £1,000 were being printed.
1748 First recorded use of the word buck for a dollar, stemming from the Colonial period in America when buck skins were commonly traded
1757 Colonial Scrip Issued in US
1760s Mayer Amschel Rothschild establishes his banking business
1769 First steam powered car
1775-1938 US Diplomatic Codes & Ciphers by Ralph E Weber used – problems were security and distribution
1776 American Independence
1776 Adam Smith’s Invisible Hand theory helped bankers and money-lenders limit government interference in the banking sector
1781 The Bank of North America was a private bank first adopted created the US Nation's first de facto central bank. When shares in the bank were sold to the public, the Bank of North America became the country's first initial public offering. It lasted less than ten years.
1783 First steamboat
1791 Congress Creates the First US Bank – A Private Company, Partly Owned by Foreigners – to Handle the Financial Needs of the New Central Government. First Bank of the United States, a National bank, chartered for a term of twenty years, it was not renewed in 1811.
Previously, the 13 states had their own banks, currencies and financial institutions, which had an average lifespan of about 5 years.
1792 First optical telegraph invented where towers with telescopes were dispersed across France 12-25 km apart, relaying signals according to positions of arms extended from the top of the towers.
1795 Thomas Jefferson invents the Jefferson Disk Cipher or Wheel Cipher
1797 to 1821 Restriction Period by England of trading banknotes for silver during Napoleonic Wars
1797 Currency Crisis
Although the Bank was originally a private institution, by the end of the 18th century it was increasingly being regarded as a public authority with civic responsibility toward the upkeep of a healthy financial system.
1799 First paper machine
1800 Banque de France – France’s central bank opens to try to improve financing of the war
1800 Invention of the battery
1801 Rotchschild Dynasty begins in Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire – established international banking family through his 5 sons who established themselves in London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, and Naples
1804 Steam locomotive
1807 Internal combustion engine and automobile
1807 Robert Fulton expands water transportation and trade with the workable steamboat.
1809 Telegraphy
1811 First powered printing press, also first to use a cylinder
1816 The Privately Owned Second Bank of the US was Chartered – It Served as the Main Depository for Government Revenue, Making it a Highly Profitable Bank – charter not renewed in 1836
1816 The first working telegraph was built using static electricity
1816 Gold becomes the official standard of value in England
1820 Industrial Revolution
c1820 Neoclassical Economics
1821 British gov introduces the gold standard - With governments issuing the bank notes, the inherent danger is no longer bankruptcy but inflation.
1822 Charles Babbage, considered the "father of the computer", begins building the first programmable mechanical computer.
1832 Andrew Jackson Campaigns Against the 2nd Bank of the US and Vetoes Bank Charter Renewal
Andrew Jackson was skeptical of the central banking system and believed it gave too few men too much power and caused inflation. He was also a proponent of gold and silver and an outspoken opponent of the 2nd National Bank. The Charter expired in 1836.
1833 President Jackson Issues Executive Order to Stop Depositing Government Funds Into Bank of US
By September 1833, government funds were being deposited into state chartered banks.
1833-1837 Manufactured “boom” created by central bankers – money supply Increases 84%, Spurred by the 2nd Bank of the US
The total money supply rose from $150 million to $267 million
1835 Jackson Escapes Assassination. Assassin misfired twice.
1837-1862 The “Free Banking Era” there was no formal central bank in the US, and banks issued their own notes again
1838 First Telegram sent using Morse Code across 3 km, in 1844 he sent a message across 71 km from Washington DC to Baltimore.
1843 Ada Lovelace published the first algorithm for computing
1844 Modern central bank of England established - meaning only the central bank of England could issue banknotes – prior to that commercial banks could issue their own and were the primary form of currency throughout England
the Bank of England was restricted to issue new banknotes only if they were 100% backed by gold or up to £14 million in government debt.
1848 Communist Manifesto
1850 The first undersea telegraphic communications cable connected France in England after latex produced from the sap of the Palaquium gutta tree in 1845 was proposed as insulation for the underwater cables.
1852 Many countries in Europe build telegram networks, however post remained the primary means of communication to distant countries.
1855 In England fully printed notes that did not require the name of the payee and the cashier's signature first appeared
1855 The printing telegraph made it possible for a machine with 26 alphabetic keys to print the messages automatically and was soon adopted worldwide.
1856 Belgian engineer Charles Bourseul proposed telephony
1856 The Atlantic Telegraph company was formed in London to stretch a commercial telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean, completed in 1866.
1860 The Pony Express was founded, able to deliver mail of wealthy individuals or government officials from coast to coast in 10 days.
1861 The East coast was connected to the West when Western Union completed the transcontinental telegraph line, putting an end to unprofitable The Pony Express.
1862-1863 First US banknotes - Lincoln Over Rules Debt-Based Money and Issues Greenbacks to Fund Civil War
Bankers would only lend the government money under certain conditions and at high interest rates, so Lincoln issued his own currency – “greenbacks” – through the US Treasury, and made them legal tender. His soldiers went on to win the war, followed by great economic expansion.
1863 to 1932 “National Banking Era” Commercial banks in the United States had legally issued banknotes before there was a national currency; however, these became subject to government authorization from 1863 to 1932
1864 Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen founded the first rural credit union in Heddesdorf (now part of Neuwied) in Germany. By the time of Raiffeisen's death in 1888, credit unions had spread to Italy, France, the Netherlands, England, Austria, and other nations
1870 Long-distance telegraph lines connected Britain and India.
c1871 Marginalism - The doctrines of marginalism and the Marginal Revolution are often interpreted as a response to the rise of the worker's movement, Marxian economics and the earlier (Ricardian) socialist theories of the exploitation of labour.
1871 Carl Menger’s Principles of Economics – Austrian School
1872 Marx’s Das Capital
1872 Australia becomes the first nation to be connected to the rest of the world via submarine telegraph cables.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone, first called the electric speech machine – revolutionized communication
1877 Thomas Edison – Phonograph
1878 Western Union, the leading telegraph provider of the U.S., begins to lose out to the telephone technology of the National Bell Telephone Company.
1881 President James Garfield, Staunch Proponent of “Honest Money” Backed by Gold and Silver, was Assassinated
Garfield opposed fiat currency (money that was not backed by any physical object). He had the second shortest Presidency in history.
1882 First description of the one-time pad
1886 First gas powered car
1888 Ballpoint pen
1892 Cinematograph
1895 System of wireless communication using radio waves
1896 First successful intercontinental telegram
1898 Polyethylene
1899 Nickel-cadmium battery
1907 Banking Panic of 1907
The New York Stock Exchange dropped dramatically as everyone tried to get their money out of the banks at the same time across the nation. This banking panic spurred debate for banking reform. JP Morgan and others gathered to create an image of concern and stability in the face of the panic, which eventually led to the formation of the Federal Reserve. The founders of the Federal Reserve pretended like the bankers were opposed to the idea of its formation in order to mislead the public into believing that the Federal Reserve would help to regulate bankers when in fact it really gave even more power to private bankers, but in a less transparent way.
1908 St Mary’s Bank – first credit union in US
1908 JP Morgan Associate and Rockefeller Relative Nelson Aldrich Heads New National Monetary Commission
Senate Republican leader, Nelson Aldrich, heads the new National Monetary Commission that was created to study the cause of the banking panic. Aldrich had close ties with J.P. Morgan and his daughter married John D. Rockefeller.
1910 Bankers Meet Secretly on Jekyll Island to Draft Federal Reserve Banking Legislation
Over the course of a week, some of the nation’s most powerful bankers met secretly off the coast of Georgia, drafting a proposal for a private Central Banking system.
1913 Federal Reserve Act Passed
Two days before Christmas, while many members of Congress were away on vacation, the Federal Reserve Act was passed, creating the Central banking system we have today, originally with gold backed Federal Reserve Notes. It was based on the Aldrich plan drafted on Jekyll Island and gave private bankers supreme authority over the economy. They are now able to create money out of nothing (and loan it out at interest), make decisions without government approval, and control the amount of money in circulation.
1913 Income tax established -16th Amendment Ratified
Taxes ensured that citizens would cover the payment of debt due to the Central Bank, the Federal Reserve, which was also created in 1913.The 16th Amendment stated: “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”
1914 November, Federal Reserve Banks Open
JP Morgan and Co. Profits from Financing both sides of War and Purchasing Weapons
J.P. Morgan and Co. made a deal with the Bank of England to give them a monopoly on underwriting war bonds for the UK and France. They also invested in the suppliers of war equipment to Britain and France.
1914 WWI
1917 Teletype cipher
1917 The one-time pad
1917 Zimmerman Telegram intercepted and decoded by Room 40, the cryptanalysis department of the British Military during WWI.
1918 GB returns to gold standard post-war but it didn’t work out
1919 First rotor machine, an electro-mechanical stream ciphering and decrypting machine.
1919 Founding of The Cipher Bureau, Poland’s intelligence and cryptography agency.
1919-1929 The Black Chamber, a forerunner of the NSA, was the first U.S. cryptanalytic organization. Worked with the telegraph company Western Union to illegally acquire foreign communications of foreign embassies and representatives. It was shut down in 1929 as funding was removed after it was deemed unethical to intercept private domestic radio signals.
1920s Department stores, hotel chains and service staions begin offering customers charge cards
1921-1929 The “Roaring 20’s” – The Federal Reserve Floods the Economy with Cash and Credit
From 1921 to 1929 the Federal Reserve increased the money supply by $28 billion, almost a 62% increase over an eight-year period.[3] This artificially created another “boom”.
1927 Quartz clock
1928 First experimental Television broadcast in the US.
1929 Federal Reserve Contracts the Money Supply
In 1929, the Federal Reserve began to pull money out of circulation as loans were paid back. They created a “bust” which was inevitable after issuing so much credit in the years before. The Federal Reserve’s actions triggered the banking crisis, which led to the Great Depression.
1929 October 24, “Black Thursday”, Stock Market Crash
The most devastating stock market crash in history. Billions of dollars in value were consolidated into the private banker’s hands at the expense of everyone else.
1930s The Great Depression marked the end of the gold standard
1931 German Enigma machines attained and reconstructed.
1932 Turbo jet engine patented
1933 SEC founded - passed the Glass–Steagall Act, which separated investment banking and commercial banking. This was to avoid more risky investment banking activities from ever again causing commercial bank failures.
1933 FM Radio
1933 Germany begins Telex, a network of teleprinters sending and receiving text based messages. Post WWII Telex networks began to spread around the world.
1936 Austrian engineer Paul Eisler invented Printed circuit board
1936 Beginning of the Keynesian Revolution
1937 Typex, British encryption machines which were upgraded versions of Enigma machines.
1906 Teletypewriters
1927 Founding of highly secret and unofficial Signal Intelligence Service, SIS, the U.S. Army’s codebreaking division.
1937 Made illegal for Americans to own gold
1938 Z1 built by Konrad Zuse is the first freely programmable computer in the world.
1939 WWII – decline of the gold standard which greatly restricted policy making
1939-45 Codetalkers - The Navajo code is the only spoken military code never to have been deciphered - "Were it not for the Navajos, the Marines would never have taken Iwo Jima."—Howard Connor
1940 Modems
1942 Deciphering Japanese coded messages leads to a turning point victory for the U.S. in WWII.
1943 At Bletchley Park, Alan Turing and team build a specialized cipher-breaking machine called Heath Robinson.
1943 Colossus computer built in London to crack the German Lorenz cipher.
1944 Bretton Woods – convenient after the US had most of the gold
1945 Manhattan Project – Atom Bomb
1945 Transatlantic telephone cable
1945 Claude E. Shannon published "A mathematical theory of cryptography", commonly accepted as the starting point for development of modern cryptography.
C1946 Crypto Wars begin and last to this day
1946 Charg-it card created by John C Biggins
1948 Atomic clock
1948 Claude Shannon writes a paper that establishes the mathematical basis of information theory
1949 Info theorist Claude Shannon asks “What does an ideal cipher look like?” – one time pad – what if the keys are not truly random
1950 First credit card released by the Diners Club, able to be used in 20 restaurants in NYC
1951 NSA, National Security Agency founded and creates the KL-7, an off-line rotor encryption machine
1952 First thermonuclear weapon
1953 First videotape recorder
1953 Term “Hash” first used meaning to “chop” or “make a mess” out of something
1954 Atomic Energy Act (no mention of crypto)
1957 The NSA begins producing ROMOLUS encryption machines, soon to be used by NATO
1957 First PC – IBM
1957 First Satellite – Sputnik 1
1958 Western Union begins building a nationwide Telex network in the U.S.
1960s Machine readable codes were added to the bottom of cheques in MICR format, which speeded up the clearing and sorting process
1960s Financial organizations were beginning to require strong commercial encryption on the rapidly growing field of wired money transfer.
1961 Electronic clock
1963 June 4, Kennedy Issued an Executive Order (11110) that Authorized the US Treasury to Issue Silver Certificates, Threatening the Federal Reserve’s Monopoly on Money
This government issued currency would bypass the governments need to borrow from bankers at interest.
1963 Electronic calculator
1963 Nov. 22, Kennedy Assassinated
1963 Johnson Reverses Kennedy’s Banking Rule and Restores Power to the Federal Reserve
1964 8-Track
1964 LAN, Local Area Networks adapters
1965 Moore’s Law by CEO of Intel Gordon Moore observes that the number of components per integrated circuit doubles every year, and projected this rate of growth would continue for at least another decade. In 1975 he revised it to every two years.
1967 First ATM installed at Barclay’s Bank in London
1968 Cassette Player introduced
1969 First connections of ARPANET, predecessor of the internet, are made. started – SF, SB, UCLA, Utah (now Darpa) – made to stay ahead of the Soviets – there were other networks being built around the world but it was very hard to connect them – CERN in Europe
1970s Stagflation – unemployment + inflation, which Keynesian theory could not explain
1970s Business/commercial applications for Crypto emerge – prior to this time it was militarily used – ATMs 1st got people thinking about commercial applications of cryptography – data being sent over telephone lines
1970s The public developments of the 1970s broke the near monopoly on high quality cryptography held by government organizations.
Use of checks increased in 70s – bringing about ACH
One way functions...
A few companies began selling access to private networks – but weren’t allowed to connect to the internet – business and universities using Arpanet had no commercial traffic – internet was used for research, not for commerce or advertising
1970 Railroads threatened by the growing popularity of air travel. Penn Central Railroad declares bankruptcy resulting in a $3.2 billion bailout
1970 Conjugate coding used in an attempt to design “money physically impossible to counterfeit”
1971 The US officially removes the gold standard
1971 Email invented
1971 Email
1971 First microcomputer on a chip
1971 Lockheed Bailout - $1.4 billion – Lockheed was a major government defense contractor
1972 First programmable word processor
1972 First video game console
1973 SWIFT established
1973 Ethernet invented, standardized in ‘83
1973 Mobile phone
1973 First commercial GUI – Xerox Alto
1973 First touchscreen
1973 Emails made up more than ¾ of ARPANET’s packets – people had to keep a map of the network by their desk – so DNS was created
1974 A protocol for packet network intercommunication – TCP/IP – Cerf and Kahn
1974 Franklin National Bank Bailout - $1.5 billion (valued at that time) - At the time, it was the largest bank failure in US history
1975 New York City Bailout - $9.4 billion – NYC was overextended
1975 W DES - meant that commercial uses of high quality encryption would become common, and serious problems of export control began to arise.
1975 DES, Data Encryption Standard developed at IBM, seeking to develop secure electronic communications for banks and large financial organizations. DES was the first publicly accessible cipher to be 'blessed' by a national agency such as the NSA. Its release stimulated an explosion of public and academic interest in cryptography.
1975 Digital camera
1975 Altair 8800 sparks the microprocessor revolution
1976 Bretton Woods ratified (lasted 30 years) – by 80’s all nations were using floating currencies
1976 New Directions in Cryptography published by Diffie & Hellman – this terrified Fort Meade – previously this technique was classified, now it’s public
1976 Apple I Computer – Steve Wozniak
1976 Asymmetric key cryptosystem published by Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman.
1976 Hellman and Diffie publish New Directions in Cryptography, introducing a radically new method of distributing cryptographic keys, contributing much to solving key distribution one of the fundamental problems of cryptography. It brought about the almost immediate public development of asymmetric key algorithms. - where people can have 2 sets of keys, public and private
1977 Diffie & Hellman receive letter from NSA employee JA Meyer that they’re violating Federal Laws comparable to arms export – this raises the question, “Can the gov prevent academics from publishing on crypto?
1977 DES considered insecure
1977 First handheld electronic game
1977 RSA public key encryption invented
1978 McEliece Cryptosystem invented, first asymmetric encryption algorithm to use randomization in the encryption process
1980s Large data centers began being built to store files and give users a better faster experience – companies rented space from them - Data centers would not only store data but scour it to show people what they might want to see and in some cases, sell data
1980s Reaganomics and Thatcherism
1980 A decade of intense bank failures begins; the FDIC reports that 1,600 were either closed or received financial assistance from 1980 to 1994
1980 Chrysler Bailout – lost over $1 billion due to major hubris on the part of its executives - $1.5 billion one of the largest payouts ever made to a single corporation.
1980 Protocols for public key cryptosystems – Ralph Merkle
1980 Flash memory invented – public in ‘84
1981 “Untraceable Electronic Mail, Return Addresses and Digital Pseudonumns” – Chaum
1981 EFTPOS, Electronic funds transfer at point of sale is created
1981 IBM Personal Computer
1982 “The Ethics of Liberty” Murray Rothbard
1982 Commodore 64
1982 CD
1983 Satellite TV
1983 First built in hard drive
1983 C++
1983 Stereolithography
1983 Blind signatures for untraceable payments
Mid 1980s Use of ATMs becomes more widespread
1984 Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust bailed out due to overly aggressive lending styles and - the bank’s downfall could be directly traced to risk taking and a lack of due diligence on the part of bank officers - $9.5 billion in 2008 money
1984 Macintosh Computer - the first mass-market personal computer that featured a graphical user interface, built-in screen and mouse
1984 CD Rom
1985 Zero-Knowledge Proofs first proposed
1985 300,000 simultaneous telephone conversations over single optical fiber
1985 Elliptic Curve Cryptography
1987 ARPANET had connected over 20k guarded computers by this time
1988 First private networks email servers connected to NSFNET
1988 The Crypto Anarchists Manifesto – Timothy C May
1988 ISDN, Integrated Services Digital Network
1989 Savings & Loan Bailout - After the widespread failure of savings and loan institutions, President George H. W. Bush signed and Congress enacted the Financial Institutions Reform Recovery and Enforcement Act - This was a taxpayer bailout of about $200 billion
1989 First commercial emails sent
1989 Digicash - Chaum
1989 Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau built the prototype system which became the World Wide Web, WWW
1989 First ISPs – companies with no network of their own which connected people to a local network and to the internet - To connect to a network your computer placed a phone call through a modem which translated analog signals to digital signals – dial-up was used to connect computers as phone lines already had an extensive network across the U.S. – but phone lines weren’t designed for high pitched sounds that could change fast to transmit large amounts of data
1990s Cryptowars really heat up...
1990s Some countries started to change their laws to allow "truncation"
1990s Encryption export controls became a matter of public concern with the introduction of the personal computer. Phil Zimmermann's PGP cryptosystem and its distribution on the Internet in 1991 was the first major 'individual level' challenge to controls on export of cryptography. The growth of electronic commerce in the 1990s created additional pressure for reduced restrictions.[3] Shortly afterward, Netscape's SSL technology was widely adopted as a method for protecting credit card transactions using public key cryptography.
1990 NSFNET replaced Arpanet as backbone of the internet with more than 500k users
Early 90s Dial up provided through AOL and Compuserve
People were leery to use credit cards on the internet
1991 How to time-stamp a digital doc - Stornetta
1991 Phil Zimmermann releases the public key encryption program Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) along with its source code, which quickly appears on the Internet. He distributed a freeware version of PGP when he felt threatened by legislation then under consideration by the US Government that would require backdoors to be included in all cryptographic products developed within the US. Expanded the market to include anyone wanting to use cryptography on a personal computer (before only military, governments, large corporations)
1991 WWW (Tim Berners Lee) – made public in ‘93 – flatten the “tree” structure of the internet using hypertext – reason for HTTP//:WWW – LATER HTTPS for more security
1992 Erwise – first Internet Browser w a graphical Interface
1992 Congress passed a law allowing for commercial traffic on NSFNET
1992 Cpherpunks, Eric Hughes, Tim C May and John Gilmore – online privacy and safety from gov – cypherpunks write code so it can be spread and not shut down (in my earlier chapter)
1993 Mosaic – popularized surfing the web ‘til Netscape Navigator in ’94 – whose code was later used in Firefox
1993 A Cypherpunks Manifesto – Eric Hughes
1994 World’s first online cyberbank, First Virtual, opened for business
1994 Bluetooth
1994 First DVD player
1994 Stanford Federal Credit Union becomes the first financial institution to offer online internet banking services to all of its members in October 1994
1994 Internet only used by a few
1994 Cybercash
1994 Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption protocol released by Netscape. Making financial transactions possible.
1994 One of the first online purchases was made, a Pizza Hut pepperoni pizza with mushrooms and extra cheese
1994 Cyphernomicon published – social implication where gov can’t do anything about it
1994-1999 Social Networking – GeoCities (combining creators and users) – had 19M users by ’99 – 3rd most popular after AOL and Yahoo – GeoCities purchased by Yahoo for $3.6B but took a hit after dotcom bubble popped and never recovered – GC shut down in ‘99
1995-2000 Dotcom bubble – Google, Amazon, Facebook: get over 600M visitors/year
1995 DVD
1995 MP3 term coined for MP3 files, the earlier development of which stretches back into the ‘70s, where MP files themselves where developed throughout the ‘90s
1995 NSFNET shut down and handed everything over to the ISPs
1995 NSA publishes the SHA1 hash algorithm as part of its Digital Signature Standard.
1996, 2000 President Bill Clinton signing the Executive order 13026 transferring the commercial encryption from the Munition List to the Commerce Control List. This order permitted the United States Department of Commerce to implement rules that greatly simplified the export of proprietary and open source software containing cryptography, which they did in 2000 - The successful cracking of DES likely helped gather both political and technical support for more advanced encryption in the hands of ordinary citizens - NSA considers AES strong enough to protect information classified at the Top Secret level
1996 e-gold
1997 WAP, Wireless Access Point
1997 NSA researchers published how to mint e cash
1997 Adam Back – HashCash – used PoW – coins could only be used once
1997 Nick Szabo – smart contracts “Formalizing and Securing Relationships on Public Networks”
1998 OSS, Open-source software Initiative Founded
1998 Wei Dai – B-money – decentralized database to record txs
1998 Bitgold
1998 First backdoor created by hackers from Cult of the Dead Cow
1998 Musk and Thiel founded PayPal
1998 Nick Szabo says crypto can protect land titles even if thugs take it by force – said it could be done with a timestamped database
1999 Much of the Glass-Steagal Act repealed - this saw US retail banks embark on big rounds of mergers and acquisitions and also engage in investment banking activities.
1999 Milton Friedman says, “I think that the Internet is going to be one of the major forces for reducing the role of government. The one thing that's missing, but that will soon be developed, is a reliable e-cash - a method whereby on the Internet you can transfer funds from A to B without A knowing B or B knowing A.”
1999 European banks began offering mobile banking with the first smartphones
1999 The Financial Services Modernization Act Allows Banks to Grow Even Larger
Many economists and politicians have recognized that this legislation played a key part in the subprime mortgage crisis of 2007.
1999-2001 Napster, P2P file sharing – was one of the fastest growing businesses in history – bankrupt for paying musicians for copyright infringement

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Free Bitcoin Generator - ARE THEY REAL? Bitcoin explained and made simple  Guardian Animations Who ACTUALLY Created Bitcoin What is Bitcoin Mining? Bitcoin Generator Verified Software

What is Bitcoin? With the Bitcoin price so volatile everyone is curious. Bitcoin, the category creator of blockchain technology, is the World Wide Ledger yet extremely complicated and no one definition fully encapsulates it. By analogy it is like being able to send a gold coin via email. Welcome to Bitcoin for Beginners. We have constructed this course to help new users learn more about bitcoin and how it works. Once you have completed the Bitcoin for beginners course, you should have a solid understanding of the different types of wallets, how to send and receive bitcoin payments, how and why to HODL, 2FA, bitcoin faucets, who Satoshi Nakamoto is, what a blockchain is and These newly created coins are given to the miners, who add blocks to the blockchain. See step 3 of the “How Bitcoin works” infographic above. The first coins were created with the “genesis” or first block by Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of Bitcoin. Now, the Bitcoin blockchain has around 600,000+ blocks and 18+ million Bitcoins in Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency based on an open-source, peer-to-peer internet protocol. It was introduced by a pseudonymous developer named Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. Bitcoins can be exchanged through a computer or smartphone locally or internationally without an intermediate financial institution. 50 Interesting Bitcoin Facts We have previously covered bitcoin in two past infographics. Here’s how it works and here’s a great summary of its 5 year history. However, we thought that this infographic neatly covered many interesting bitcoin facts in a digestable form. It not only shows the versatility of the bitcoin market, but it also captures the difference […]

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