Which type of curren(t) do you want to see(cy)? A analysis of the intention behind bitcoin(s). [Part 2]
Part 1 It's been a bit of time since the first post during which I believe things have crystallised further as to the intentions of the three primary bitcoin variants. I was going to go on a long winded journey to try to weave together the various bits and pieces to let the reader discern from themselves but there's simply too much material that needs to be covered and the effort that it would require is not something that I can invest right now. Firstly we must define what bitcoin actually is. Many people think of bitcoin as a unit of a digital currency like a dollar in your bank but without a physical substrate. That's kind of correct as a way to explain its likeness to something many people are familiar with but instead it's a bit more nuanced than that. If we look at a wallet from 2011 that has never moved any coins, we can find that there are now multiple "bitcoins" on multiple different blockchains. This post will discuss the main three variants which are Bitcoin Core, Bitcoin Cash and Bitcoin SV. In this respect many people are still hotly debating which is the REAL bitcoin variant and which bitcoins you want to be "investing" in. The genius of bitcoin was not in defining a class of non physical objects to send around. Why bitcoin was so revolutionary is that it combined cryptography, economics, law, computer science, networking, mathematics, etc. and created a protocol which was basically a rule set to be followed which creates a game of incentives that provides security to a p2p network to prevent double spends. The game theory is extremely important to understand. When a transaction is made on the bitcoin network your wallet essentially generates a string of characters which includes your public cryptographic key, a signature which is derived from the private key:pub key pair, the hash of the previous block and an address derived from a public key of the person you want to send the coins to. Because each transaction includes the hash of the previous block (a hash is something that will always generate the same 64 character string result from EXACTLY the same data inputs) the blocks are literally chained together. Bitcoin and the blockchain are thus defined in the technical white paper which accompanied the release client as a chain of digital signatures. The miners validate transactions on the network and compete with one another to detect double spends on the network. If a miner finds the correct solution to the current block (and in doing so is the one who writes all the transactions that have elapsed since the last block was found, in to the next block) says that a transaction is confirmed but then the rest of the network disagree that the transactions occurred in the order that this miner says (for double spends), then the network will reject the version of the blockchain that that miner is working on. In that respect the miners are incentivised to check each other's work and ensure the majority are working on the correct version of the chain. The miners are thus bound by the game theoretical design of NAKAMOTO CONSENSUS and the ENFORCES of the rule set. It is important to note the term ENFORCER rather than RULE CREATOR as this is defined in the white paper which is a document copyrighted by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. Now if we look at the three primary variants of bitcoin understanding these important defining characteristics of what the bitcoin protocol actually is we can make an argument that the variants that changed some of these defining attributes as no longer being bitcoin rather than trying to argue based off market appraisal which is essentially defining bitcoin as a social media consensus rather than a set in stone rule set. BITCOIN CORE: On first examination Bitcoin Core appears to be the incumbent bitcoin that many are being lead to believe is the "true" bitcoin and the others are knock off scams. The outward stated rationale behind the bitcoin core variant is that computational resources, bandwidth, storage are scarce and that before increasing the size of each block to allow for more transactions we should be increasing the efficiency with which the data being fed in to a block is stored. In order to achieve this one of the first suggested implementations was a process known as SegWit (segregating the witness data). This means that when you construct a bitcoin transaction, in the header of the tx, instead of the inputs being public key and a signature + Hash + address(to), the signature data is moved outside of header as this can save space within the header and allow more transactions to fill the block. More of the history of the proposal can be read about here (bearing in mind that article is published by the bitcoinmagazine which is founded by ethereum devs Vitalik and Mihai and can't necessarily be trusted to give an unbiased record of events). The idea of a segwit like solution was proposed as early as 2012 by the likes of Greg Maxwell and Luke Dash Jnr and Peter Todd in an apparent effort to "FIX" transaction malleability and enable side chains. Those familiar with the motto "problem reaction solution" may understand here that the problem being presented may not always be an authentic problem and it may actually just be necessary preparation for implementing a desired solution. The real technical arguments as to whether moving signature data outside of the transaction in the header actually invalidates the definition of bitcoin as being a chain of digital signatures is outside my realm of expertise but instead we can examine the character of the individuals and groups involved in endorsing such a solution. Greg Maxwell is a hard to know individual that has been involved with bitcoin since its very early days but in some articles he portrays himself as portrays himself as one of bitcoins harshest earliest critics. Before that he worked with Mozilla and Wikipedia and a few mentions of him can be found on some old linux sites or such. He has no entry on wikipedia other than a non hyperlinked listing as the CTO of Blockstream. Blockstream was a company founded by Greg Maxwell and Adam Back, but in business registration documents only Adam Back is listed as the business contact but registered by James Murdock as the agent. They received funding from a number of VC firms but also Joi Ito and Reid Hoffman and there are suggestions that MIT media labs and the Digital Currency Initiative. For those paying attention Joi Ito and Reid Hoffman have links to Jeffrey Epstein and his offsider Ghislaine Maxwell. Ghislaine is the daughter of publishing tycoon and fraudster Robert Maxwell (Ján Ludvík Hyman Binyamin Hoch, a yiddish orthodox czech). It is emerging that the Maxwells are implicated with Mossad and involved in many different psyops throughout the last decades. Greg Maxwell is verified as nullc but a few months ago was outed using sock puppets as another reddit user contrarian__ who also admits to being Jewish in one of his comments as the former. Greg has had a colourful history with his roll as a bitcoin core developer successfully ousting two of the developers put there by Satoshi (Gavin Andreson and Mike Hearn) and being referred to by Andreson as a toxic troll with counterpart Samon Mow. At this point rather than crafting the narrative around Greg, I will provide a few links for the reader to assess on their own time:
Now I could just go on dumping more and more articles but that doesn't really weave it all together. Essentially it is very well possible that the 'FIX' of bitcoin proposed with SegWit was done by those who are moral reprobates who have been rubbing shoulders money launderers and human traffickers. Gregory Maxwell was removed from wikipedia, worked with Mozilla who donated a quarter of a million to MIT media labs and had relationship with Joi Ito, the company he founded received funding from people associated with Epstein who have demonstrated their poor character and dishonesty and attempted to wage toxic wars against those early bitcoin developers who wished to scale bitcoin as per the white paper and without changing consensus rules or signature structures. The argument that BTC is bitcoin because the exchanges and the market have chosen is not necessarily a logical supposition when the vast majority of the money that has flown in to inflate the price of BTC comes from a cryptographic USD token that was created by Brock Pierce (Might Ducks child stahollywood pedo scandal Digital Entertainment Network) who attended Jeffrey Epstein's Island for conferences. The group Tether who issues the USDT has been getting nailed by the New York Attorney General office with claims of $1.4 trillion in damages from their dodgey practices. Brock Pierce has since distanced himself from Tether but Blockstream still works closely with them and they are now exploring issuing tether on the ethereum network. Tether lost it's US banking partner in early 2017 before the monstrous run up for bitcoin prices. Afterwards they alleged they had full reserves of USD however, they were never audited and were printing hundreds of millions of dollars of tether each week during peak mania which was used to buy bitcoin (which was then used as collateral to issue more tether against the bitcoin they bought at a value they inflated). Around $30m in USDT is crossing between China to Russia daily and when some of the groups also related to USDT/Tether were raided they found them in possession of hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of counterfeit physical US bills. Because of all this it then becomes important to reassess the arguments that were made for the implementation of pegged sidechains, segregated witnesses and other second layer solutions. If preventing the bitcoin blockchain from bloating was the main argument for second layer solutions, what was the plan for scaling the data related to the records of transactions that occur on the second layer. You will then need to rely on less robust ways of securing the second layer than Proof Of Work but still have the same amount of data to contend with, unless there was plans all along for second layer solutions to enable records to be deleted /pruned to facilitate money laundering and violation of laws put in place to prevent banking secrecy etc. There's much more to it as well and I encourage anyone interested to go digging on their own in to this murky cesspit. Although I know very well what sort of stuff Epstein has been up to I have been out of the loop and haven't familiarised myself with everyone involved in his network that is coming to light. Stay tuned for part 3 which will be an analysis of the shit show that is the Bitcoin Cash variant...
Bitcoin's energy consumption: 3 shots vs 55 gallons
Some "alarmists" claim that Bitcoin uses a whopping 66.7 Tera Watt hours of electricity per year. "Almost as much as the Czech Rebublic". They're trying to make it sound like a lot. Is it a significant amount? The world uses 110,000 Tera Watt hours of electricity per year. One hundred and ten thousand. Bitcoin uses sixty seven. Bitcoin uses about six ten-thousandths of the total energy consumed by humans. 0.0006 or $.06 out of $100.00. Six cents out of a hundred bucks. One inch out of 37 feet. Two or three shots from a 55 gallon drum. A quarter pound meat patty compared to a 412 lb fatso. One second vs 27 minutes and 30 seconds. Is that really a significant amount? Another thing some of the "alarmists" claim - that the energy used by Bitcoin is "wasted". I say that energy is put to good use, not wasted. When somebody brings up Bitcoin's energy usage, politely ask them to just shut the fuck up until they know what they're talking about. Total energy consumption: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_energy_consumption Bitcoin consumption: https://www.vox.com/2019/6/18/18642645/bitcoin-energy-price-renewable-china
setup an account on coinbase.com, buy your coins, walk away until next year or later, fees are ~1.5% which is $1.5 USD for a $100 USD of coin
note coinbase does have an option to buy via credit card instead of a bank account, fees are ~4% when you do that, your credit card company may charge more if it considers it a cash transfer
Guide for Not Noobs
-setup an account on coinbase.com, move dollars into your account, setup an account on gdax.com (same company, same login), move your cash from coinbase to gdax, buy your coins on GDAX at Market, fees are cheaper 0.25% versus 1.5% -consider buying alternative coins supported by coinbase
-all of the above but use GDAX's Limit/Buy, zero fees, but you have to wait for the market to dip below your buy price
More Money Available
-setup several Limit/Buy orders at different price points to capture dips when you are away
More Control but More Complex
-it's possible coinbase could go out of business, move some or most of your coins to a personal hardware wallet like a Trezor or Ledger Nano S, made in Czech Republic and France respectively -consider using other exchanges with different fees and coin support -consider buying other alternative coins supported by other exchanges
You Are Very Responsible
-create a paper wallet, put it in a safe, be warned it's like a visual bearer instrument, if you lose it or someone takes a picture of it...it's gone, but you have complete control over your money/asset
DO NOT EVER
-buy more than you can lose, it's early wild west days, the market could easily come crashing down -panic sell, the market fluctuates regularly by 20%, thus far it has ALWAYS recovered, people that try to sell during a fall/dip and buy at the bottom usually miss time it and lose -store your keys on your computer or phone unless its small amount, these are the two most vulnerable routes to hacking and simple hardware failure resulting in loss -attempt to daytrade and time the best prices unless your real life job is day trading -get addicted to watching the market, pay attention watch for dips, but don't let it crowd out your work or free time -keep a LOT of cash or coin in an exchange, it is very easy to mistype and buy or sell far more than you meant to, exchanges can disappear with your coins -buy a hardware wallet from anyone other than the company who makes it, i.e. do not buy one on Amazon, it is possible some third person hacked it and could steal your coin
-limit sells until the far future when market volatility is down, flash crashes have happened and recovered, if you had all your coin in limit sells it would be gone -margin trade unless your real life job is day trading -stop buys or stop sells unless your real life job is day trading
-hold your coins, your coin may be worth x10 or more in value in the future, e.g. if bitcoin replaced gold, bitcoin would be worth ~x70 the current value -buy small amounts over time DCA, this might not seem intuitive but it spreads your risk out, reduces risk of buying at all time highs (ATH) and more likely to catch lows (dips), a fluctuation of $100 in price is small if the eventual value is worth x10 or more in the future -keep a small amount of cash on an exchange always, when there is a lot of traffic/trading which happens during dips, you are much more likely to be able to make trades on an exchange rather than with your own wallet
-if you don't have your coin in your own wallet, it's not your coin. this is not a problem until you have a lot of value and you want to keep it safe from a bankruptcy, unscrupulous people/exchanges, or unforeseen acts. if it's a small amount compared to your income it's an acceptable risk, if not then move it to a wallet -in the days of fake news not everything you read is true, in fact there are armies of people shilling for 'pick a random coin'; some are malicious, some uninformed, and some willfully uninformed -if your value starts to become large, dig deep into how your asset/currencies work just like you would for any other purchase, understanding how it works helps you understand if it will be a success, e.g. understand the difference between PoW vs PoS or what a hard fork is -some coins especially newer ones are scams, a good indication of if it is not a scam is how long the coin has been around -most bitcoin hard forks so far have not been successful with some exceptions -btc is the accepted short-name for bitcoin on most (but not all) exchanges, xbt is also common in EUR-land
-holding your own coin requires personal responsibility, it is easy to lose and not be able to recover it if you are not careful -again, do not buy more coin than you can lose -transaction speeds which are slow are a serious problem in bitcoin scaling -there is less innovation and more argument going on in bitcoin than some other coins, bitcoin is large enough that consensus is difficult, future change is less likely than with some other coins, there are other side solutions to bitcoins problems that may not require bitcoin to change much -bitcoin.org IS the generally accepted bitcoin website, NOT bitcoin.com -important other risks compiled by themetalfriend -coinbase has insurance up to $250k USD for you USD Wallet which DOES NOT cover your bitcoins or other crypto currencies, they claim to have separate insurance for your crypto currency but it is unclear how much
there are a lot of memes -hodl, GameKyuubi mistyped hold and it spread -to the moon, where everyone hopes the price will go -coin on a rollercoaster, it is highly volitile market you will see this during fluctuations -this is gentlemen, via Liquid_child , here -lambo/roadster, a car people want to buy when they get rich -the cost of pizza, early days someone bought a pizza for 10,000btc which is worth over ~80million USD today -tesla/vehicle with a bitcoin chart, cytranic posted a picture that spread -intersting guide by stos313 , here. I do not agree with everything but it has a lot of useful information.
Edit: Adding in user comments. Edit: Crosslinking to a more Beginner Version. Edit: Note in an earlier edit of this guide I said. note that most of the development on bitcoin is by employees of one company, it is open source but their priorities may not align with the community This is not true. Blockstream appears to have a high representation but not an overwhelming amount. You can compare blockstream's employee page and bitcoin's commits in the last year. Thank you to lclc_ , trilli0nn , and Holographiks for pointing this out. See this for a detailed break down. Edit: Clarification that FDIC insurance does NOT cover crypto currency/assets. Edit: Clarity on who owns bitcoin.org
Good Luck and Hodl.
Please comment if your experience is different. Or call out things I missed.
As backlash against Trump’s ‘go back’ comments builds, here’s Ronald Reagan’s ‘love letter to immigrants’: ‘You can go to live in Germany, Turkey or Japan, but you cannot become German, Turk or Japanese. But anyone, from any corner of the Earth, can come to live in America and become an American.’
Sieg Heil! I mean... Beep Boop, I am a robot. My purpose is to find and link comments in Politics that contain the word 'Hitler' Since my birth, I have found a total of 43614 Hitlers in Politics. On average, I found 79 Hitlers per day. Today, I read 54953 comments. In total, I have read 24333224 comments.
As backlash against Trump’s ‘go back’ comments builds, here’s Ronald Reagan’s ‘love letter to immigrants’: ‘You can go to live in Germany, Turkey or Japan, but you cannot become German, Turk or Japanese. But anyone, from any corner of the Earth, can come to live in America and become an American.’
Sieg Heil! I mean... Beep Boop, I am a robot. My purpose is to find and link comments in Politics that contain the word 'Hitler' Since my birth, I have found a total of 43614 Hitlers in Politics. On average, I found 79 Hitlers per day. Today, I read 54758 comments. In total, I have read 24334521 comments.
Terve - This week's language of the week: Finnish!
Finnish (suomi, or suomen kieli [ˈsuomen ˈkieli]) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. It is one of the two official languages of Finland and an official minority language in Sweden. In Sweden, both standard Finnish and Meänkieli, a Finnish dialect, are spoken. The Kven language, a dialect of Finnish, is spoken in Northern Norway by a minority group of Finnish descent.
Classification Finnish's full classification (using an agnostic approach that assumes all branches are distinct, since Finno-Urgic having been challenged and abandoned by Ethnologue) is as follows: Uralic (Proto-Uralic) > Finnic (Proto-Finnic) > Finnish Phonology and Phonotactics Standard Finnish has 8 vowels and 18 diphthongs. Vowels are contrasted based on length, with both long and short vowels existing. These contrasts occur in both stressed and unstressed syllables, though long vowels tend to be more common in short syllables. There is almost no allophony between among the Finnish vowels. Finnish has 13 consonant sounds, and, like the vowels, these too can be short or long (gemination), with these being phonemic. Independent consonant clusters are not allowed in native words, except for a small set of two-consonant syllable codas, e.g. 'rs' in karsta. However, because of a number of recently adopted loanwords using them, e.g. strutsi from Swedish struts, meaning "ostrich", Finnish speakers can pronounce them, even if it is somewhat awkward. The main stress is always on the first syllable. Stress does not cause any measurable modifications in vowel quality (very much unlike English). However, stress is not strong and words appear evenly stressed. In some cases, stress is so weak that the highest points of volume, pitch and other indicators of "articulation intensity" are not on the first syllable, although native speakers recognize the first syllable as a stressed syllable. Finnish has several morphophonological processes that require modification of the forms of words for daily speech. The most important processes are vowel harmony and consonant gradation. Vowel harmony is a redundancy feature, which means that the feature [±back] is uniform within a word, and so it is necessary to interpret it only once for a given word. It is meaning-distinguishing in the initial syllable, and suffixes follow; so, if the listener hears [±back] in any part of the word, they can derive [±back] for the initial syllable. For example, from the stem tuote ("product") one derives tuotteeseensa ("into his product"), where the final vowel becomes the back vowel 'a' (rather than the front vowel 'ä') because the initial syllable contains the back vowels 'uo'. This is especially notable because vowels 'a' and 'ä' are different, meaning-distinguishing phonemes, not interchangeable or allophonic. Finnish front vowels are not umlauts. Consonant gradation is a partly nonproductive lenition process for P, T and K in inherited vocabulary, with the oblique stem "weakened" from the nominative stem, or vice versa. For example, tarkka "precise" has the oblique stem tarka-, as in tarkan "of the precise". There is also another gradation pattern, which is older, and causes simple elision of T and K in suffixes. However, it is very common since it is found in the partitive case marker: if V is a single vowel, V+ta → Va, e.g. *tarkka+ta → tarkkaa. Finnish syllable structure can be classified as (C)V(S)(C) where (S) stands for 'segment', either a consonant or a phoneme. There are some rare syllables that break these general rules, but the basic syllable type given above constitute well over 90% of the words. Grammar Finnish is an agglutinative language. Finnish word order is fairly free, though a general tendency towards subject-verb-object does exist. However, this is often overridden by the fact that the topic of the conversation comes first (if talking about a man that was bitten by a dog, the word for man would come first). Neither Finnish nouns nor pronouns decline for gender. There is also no article in the language. However, Finnish does distinguish 15 (16 in some dialects) noun cases. There are four grammatical cases (nominative, genitive, accusative and partitive), six locative cases (inessive, elative, illative, adessive, ablative, allative), two (three in some dialects) essive cases (essive and translative) and three 'marginal cases' (instructive, abessive and comitative). Finnish has 7 pronouns, distinguishing three persons and two numbers (singular and plural), but no gender distinction in the third person. The seventh pronoun is a formal 2nd person. While the first and second person pronouns are generally dropped in Standard Finnish, they are common in colloquial speech; third person is required in both standard and colloquial Finnish. The third person pronouns, hän and he are often replaced with se and ne (singular and plural, respectively) in colloquial speech. Finnish adjectives share the inflection paradigms of Finnish nouns and must agree with the noun in both number and case. Adverbs are generally formed by adding the suffix -sti to the inflecting form of the corresponding adjectives. Outside of this derivational process, they are not inflected. Being a case rich language, Finnish has few post- or prepositions. However, what few it has tend to be postpositions. When the postposition governs a noun, the noun takes the genitive case. Likewise, a postposition can take a possessive suffix to express persons. Prepositions tend to take nouns in the partitive case. Finnish has six conjugation classes; even though each class takes the same personal endings, the stems take different suffixes and change slightly when the verb is conjugated. Finnish has very few irregular verbs, and even some of those are irregular only in certain persons, moods, tenses, etc. Finnish verbs can conjugate for four tenses: non-past, historically called the present, which can express the present or the future; preterite, historically called the imperfect, which covers English past simple and past continuous; perfect, which corresponds to the English present perfect; plusperfect, which corresponds to the English past perfect. Finnish verbs can also conjugate for two voices, the active and the passive. The Finnish passive is unipersonal, that is, it only appears in one form regardless of who is understood to be performing the action. In that respect, it could be described as a "fourth person", since there is no (standard) way of connecting the action performed with a particular agent. Finnish verbs conjugate for five different moods. These are the indicative, the conditional, the imperative (split into several types), the optative and the potential. A sixth mood, the eventitive, is no longer used in Finnish, but is the mood used in the Finnish epic poem Kalevala. Finnish infinitives can come in four, sometimes analyzed as five, different groups. The first one is the citation form of the infinitive and corresponds to the English 'to X' infinitive use. The second infinitive is used to express aspects of actions relating to the time when an action takes place or the manner in which an action happens. In equivalent English phrases these time aspects can often be expressed using 'when', 'while' or 'whilst' and the manner aspects using the word 'by' or else the gerund, which is formed by adding "ing" to English verb to express manner. The third infinitive corresponds to the English gerund while the fourth and the fifth, both of which are rare in Finnish today, mark obligation and 'just about to...' respectively. Miscellany
Finnish, with 15/16 cases, has more cases than its ancestor Proto-Uralic, which is typically reconstructed with six; so, unlike most Indo-European languages, Finnish gained cases over time.
The exessive case is the essive case found only in some dialects
Finnish has borrowed extensively, with some linguists positing that only 300 Proto-Uralic words can be found in Finnish; however, due to the radical differences between Finnish and its Indo-European neighbors, borrowings quickly get nativized.
Some Finnish loan words do not seem to have come from Indo-European languages or have cognates in other Uralic languages. It is possible that these are borrowings from whatever languages were spoken in Europe before the spread of Indo-European languages.
Finnish orthography is highly phonemic, and, barring distinctions between colloquial and standard forms, one can often "write as you read, read as you write".
The language's orthography is often easily-recognizable because of its lack of b, c, f, q, w, x, z and å.
Hi guys, or should I say : Saluton! As you may know, "monero" is an esperanto word. But what the hell is esperanto ? Well, it's as close as you get to a decentralised language. Let's see how it works, starting with an example (then we'll go to some historical perspective). The word"Monero" doesn't jump right out of a dictionary, it's actualy composed of three elements freely put together, one sillabus each : mon + er + o. Each has a meaning. mon- : money -er- : the smallest part -o : a thing (gramatically speaking : a noun) Which means 'monero' can be analysed as meaning : "a noun that describes the smallest part of money". Well, a coin. That's a coin. Change the first element with 'sabl-' (that means "sand") and you get 'sablero', which means "a grain of sand". 'Neĝero' is "a snowflake" and so on. Change the midle element from -er- to -ar- (a group), and you have a 'monaro', a bunch of money. Change it to -uj- (recipient), you have a "monujo", a wallet. And so on. As you can see, although the elements looks somewhat english or spanish, the esperanto structure is much more logic and easy to learn, it allows you to make up words where you can't remember them. The rest of the grammar is just that simple, conjugating is sometimes easier than in your mothertongue. But : why the hell should we be talking (about) esperanto in the first place, and how is it related to Monero ? Well, like I said, esperanto is much like a decentralized language. Let's take a step back and rewind some 150 years. End of the 19th century, Europe. The time of revolutions has done its job, now it's all about nationalisms. Industry is booming. Colonialism is the rule. The great nations feast on Africa and India. The US hasn't rised yet, China almost doesn't exist. The WW1 didn't occur yet. It's all about Europe, and europeans values. European intellectuals have long had the idea of creating a universal language that all could speak. It's been the role of latin for a long time, now it's french, even Tolstoi writes in french, later it will be english, but still, a universal language would be great. A german priest called Martin Schleier imagines a language called Volapuk, with grammar, vocabulary, spelling and all that shit, intellectuals learn it, start writing magazines and stuff. But hey. Dude. That language, there, Volapuk, is a pain in the ass. The grammar is complicated. The pronounciation is a hell. The spelling's weird. Vocabulary is hard to memorize. Let's reform the language ! The founder says : "Back off, that's my language, only I get to change it." Okay. Meanwhile, some jewish doctor (his name is Zamenhof) in the east of polland gets tired of so much hatred between nations, invents a language that is much easier. The Vocabulary is easy to recognize. The grammar is a child game. The spelling is clear. The pronounciation is OK, even if you have an accent we understand everybody. This guy publishes a white paper. Some hundred of people learn it, much quicker than for Volapuk. There are debates whether to bring minor changes to the language or not, everyone votes, the founder himself doesn't voice his opinion. In a matter of years, Volapuk has died, esperanto took his place and scales. Two world wars and seventy years later, an estimated million to two millions people speak esperanto, or can at least manage some everyday chat with it. I'm a part of them. What was the plan of esperanto ? To allow people of different mothertongue to speak with each other on a neutral level. And to disrupt the nationalist ideologies. Did it work. For the first part yes, for the first part no. How is esperanto a "decentralized language", how is it similar to a decentralised currency ?
No country of reference
No central authority (there is an academy of esperanto, a bunch of old dudes who still write mail on paper to each other)
The possibility to cross ALL the borders of the world. They are esperanto speakers in Iran, China, Kazakhstan, no shit.
An agreed upon protocol. You can do minor changes and soft forks, but esperanto's core is so well writen you will have a hard time enhancing it. (Still there has been a hard fork in 1907, who failed eventualy)
Best protocol and team wins the race.
The profound idea that we should all be able to interact without relying on some national authority (like I'm doing right now using the english language).
I'm French. I learned esperanto at 20, out of ideals, I stayed in because of the community. I came of age in the esperanto world, meeting other young people, singing, drinking beer, celebrating new years eve in Germany or Poland, spending the summer in Czech republic, getting invited to Croatia, sharing jokes with Italians, Japanese, flirting with german chicks, becoming pal with Catalans, attending heavy metal concerts played by Brazilians, hanging out with Americans, drinking vodka with the polish guys, you name it. (You can learn esperanto on duolingo, or on http://lernu.net Learn more on the language here : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esperanto ) Ten years later (I'm 30), I realise bitcoin has surged, I start investing in crypto, I see this "Monero" coin, and realize I'm not alone. Something bugs me : if you compare esperanto and cryptocurrencies, the ideology and principles are roughly the same. Go beyond the borders and national sentiment. So why is it that cryptos are taking off so rapidly, when esperanto hasn't ? Don't give me the same usual crap like "a universal language can't happen", this is like saying "a global independent currency can't happen". There must be a thing. I'm afraid it's greed. It's easier to install a wallet and get an account on Kraken, that to spend two months learning a language, be it as easy as esperanto (believe me, esperanto is that easy). What do you think ? Cheers guys, thanks for reading, or should I say, Dankon por la legado!
I've been very patient with Changelly since August 5th when I submitted my first support ticket on this matter. Now that it's clear to me that Changelly runs a drag-it-out support strategy, it's time to go public. Is Changelly a scam? You be the judge... please leave your opinion in the comments. CONTEXT The transaction (Tx) at issue here is BTC for GBYTE (Byteball). For those not familiar with Byteball: Byteball has no mining; its native currency - white bytes (GBYTE) and black bytes (BB) - was created back in December 2016 and has since been distributed, as widely as possible, via ~monthly airdrops. Every full moon since December, a "snapshot" has been taken of the balance of bytes held on each and every Byteball address, and of the balance of every registered BTC address. Shortly thereafter, each address receives new bytes based on the balance at the time of the snapshot. The last snapshot was August 7, 2017 18:10 UTC (11:10 PDT), and new bytes were distributed as follows:
For every 1 GBYTE held on any Byteball address, you got 0.2 of new GBYTE
For every 1 GBYTE held on a linked Byteball address, you got 0.4222 of new BB
One last thing: Byteball's immutable ledger of Txs is stored in a construct called a DAG (Directed Acyclical Graph), analogous in function to bitcoin's blockchain. WHAT HAPPENED? On August 5, two days before the Byteball snapshot, I initiated a Tx with Changelly to trade 20 BTC for ~105 GBYTE. Changelly took my BTC, but held on to the GBYTE through the snapshot, collected the airdropped Byteball reward based on the balance of my funds, and then, 4 days after I initiated the Tx, sent ~105 GBYTE. Changelly effectively stole my ByteBall distribution reward. When hours had passed and still no GBYTE, I sent my first ticket, and support responded:
"It seems that there could be some technical issues either with our wallet or with Gbyte network. We will investigate the matter. We have forwarded your request to the technical department. They will push your transaction through. We will inform you, once your issue is resolved!"
On August 7th, before the snapshot, I submitted two more support tickets. I told Changelly that if they couldn't deliver the GBYTE before the snapshot, I wanted my BTC back. Support responded on August 8th 2:06pm (long after the snapshot):
"Unfortunately, we cannot refund your bitcoins since they have been already converted into GBYTE. But you will receive the same amount since your money has been already exchanged. Please confirm your GBYTE wallet address and we will repeat payout. All the issues seem to be fixed now, so it should work."
I responded, explaining why the only reasonable remedy was for Changelly to refund my BTC. I did not confirm any GBYTE wallet address. Support ignored me and sent the following on August 9th:
"Good news! We have received the response from the exchange and now everything has been delivered!"
I wrote to Charlie Shrem, an advisor to Changelly, and he forwarded my complaint to Changelly CEO, Konstantin Gladych. I've also emailed Gladych many times directly myself. Zero response. CIVIL LIABILITY Under civil law, Changelly has been unjustly enriched and is liable to pay restitution.
Unjust Enrichment. A general equitable principle that no person should be allowed to profit at another's expense without making restitution for the reasonable value of any property, services, or other benefits that have been unfairly received and retained.
This principle is widely recognized and applies to Changelly here regardless of whether they did anything wrong. This is essentially why Coinbase and Poloniex changed course and gave their customers the BCH that was due to them. CRIMINAL LIABILITY Changelly is clearly liable under civil law. What about criminal liability? Using a DAG explorer, we can browse Byteball's immutable ledger of Txs and discover the following:
All Changelly had to do was send it to me. What happened? The DAG shows that the GBYTE was diverted to the following addresses, which subsequently received the airdropped GBYTE that rightfully should have gone to me:
31,447,997,156 to CBCYP2UY6YX2FJX6OXNDHBQO4VREDUJL
51,788,023,285 to QAHP5Z4P6QQV4S3MUVTOJM5D7SJDWPSD
21,763,859,830 to 6H5USZBXMOYUAGCYEYF7P3A6QU2EJBCT
306,636,259 to QR542JXX7VJ5UJOZDKHTJCXAYWOATID2
The DAG also shows plenty of Tx activity over the relevant time period, also strongly suggesting no technical issues were to blame for Changelly's delayed Tx. Did you know…? Under the Czech Republic's Code on Corporate Criminal Liability both Changelly and the individual perpetrator(s) would be criminally liable. WHAT NEXT Changelly… fix this immediately. Up next we’ll explore…
how to connect employee identities to the suspicious Byteball addresses
inner-workings of Changelly
the Bittrex and Changelly APIs
behind the scenes of the Changelly-Bittrex connection
Konstantin Gladych’s relationship with the European Cybercrime Center
presenting evidence to Czech and U.S. prosecutors
comments from devs re: Changelly’s technical excuses for failed Txs
similarities and differences between Changelly and BitInstant
Bitcoin is the, without doubt, the biggest cryptocurrency. Many major companies around the world are now accepting bitcoin payment for online goods and services (in Denver, you can even use Bitcoin to pay for your parking!) An aggressive campaign led by Coinbase (where $1 million worth of transactions were processed for free) prompted large companies to start accepting bitcoin by using third-party services like Bitpay & Cryptopay. As the trend has been started it appears to be growing, so who accepts Bitcoin? There are some surprising companies and we’ve listed them below. Who accepts Bitcoin? KFC Canada – The world’s largest chicken franchise – KFC, is allowing customers in Canada to pay for “The Bitcoin Bucket” using bitcoins for a limited time. “The Bitcoin Bucket”, a themed container can be purchased for $20 CAD, and is delivered to customers. The digital currency is accepted only via BitPay – an online payment mode and does not encourage customers to pay crypto at the cash counters. Overstock.com – This large online retail store sells electronic products at minimal prices due to excess stock. Overstock.com allows customers to buy using bitcoin. It is the first major retailer to accept bitcoins and other major cryptocurrencies. Subway – Subway in Buenos Aires has begun to accept bitcoin as a payment method. The belief is that accepting bitcoin as a method of payment would increase business. Microsoft – The tech giant Microsoft is enabling users to create a Microsoft account in which the user can deposit Bitcoin. A well-structured process allows users then, to utilize these funds for purchasing movies, games, and apps in Xbox stores and Windows. Reddit – Reddit; a community that provides thousands of your favorite things. It allows you to buy premium features with bitcoins. Virgin Galactic – Bitcoins are taking the place of old conventional currencies at a fast pace. Sir Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Group including Virgin Galactic, Virgin Mobile, Virgin Airline, (and many more) has said that Virgin is accepting bitcoins to reserve tickets for a space travel. Branson feels that Bitcoin is a low-risk option; he has invested in it in the past and encourages others to do so now. Space travel costs 98 bitcoins or 250,000 US Dollars. OkCupid – OkCupid, the world’s most popular dating site has started accepting cryptocurrency. By partnering with Coinbase, OkCupid allow users to subscribe with bitcoin. The costs for a “premium subscription” list called the “A-List”, can be up to 0.10 bitcoins or $10 a month. Namecheap – A domain name registrar and web hosting company with nearly 3 million domains are accepting the digital currency as a method of payment for their services. Namecheap is the first company among numerous domain name registrar companies to accept bitcoins for registering a website, hosting domains, etc. CheapAir.com – Now, you can spend a little of your cryptocurrency on airline reservations, hotel bookings, and car rentals. CheapAir.com, a travel booking site enables customers to purchase both domestic and international flight tickets with bitcoin. It is the only company to accept bitcoin currency for air travel and customers can pay from their Coinbase wallets. Expedia.com – The exclusive online travel booking agency Expedia, has partnered with Coinbase to create a bitcoin payment option. Since June 2014, Expedia users have been able to book their hotels with bitcoins. As of now, Expedia is accepting digital currency only for hotel bookings. Gyft – Gyft, a leading digital gift card retailer offers gift cards in exchange for bitcoin. The association of Gyft with Coinbase ensures that bitcoin payments are made via a Coinbase wallet. Gift cards can be redeemed or used to purchase goods at over 200 retailers. Newegg.com – Popular online computer hardware and electronics retailer now accepts bitcoin as payment. With bitpay as the digital currency processing partner, Newegg expects to see higher sales in certain product categories. Wikipedia – Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia with more than 4,570,000 articles has established a partnership with Coinbase to accept donations in the form of virtual currency. To provide users with an ease of choosing payment options, Wikipedia’s donation page is now flexible to make one-time or recurring donations using bitcoin. Alza – The biggest and most successful Czech e-retailer store has introduced bitcoin payments for shoppers. In many of its showrooms, bitcoin ATMs are available to facilitate smoother transactions for those paying in bitcoin. It is accepted via BitPay. The Internet Archive – The internet archive provides free access to web documentation such as music, software applications, games, and so on. It has expressed its interest in accepting digital currencies as donations. This nonprofit organization assures its supporters to use bitcoins to enhance its operations and achieve its mission of providing free and secure services to the public. PizzaforCoins – Want pizza? Order now and pay using bitcoins at PizzaforCoins. Any pizza joint including Pizza Hut, Dominos or Papa John’s is available with this service. Order now, enjoy your meal and pay with bitcoins. It also accepts more than 50 other cryptocurrencies. Reeds Jewels, Inc. – At REEDS.com, you can shop exclusive jewelry, watches, and loose diamonds with your bitcoins using a bitcoin wallet like Coinbase. Reeds Jewels has brick-and-mortar stores in 13 states and also offers online shopping. Purchase of loose diamonds is complimented with a free delivery. Shopify Stores – Looking to spend bitcoins? Shopify – an e-commerce platform, helps merchants to sell their commodities through an online platform similar to eBay. Shopify has recognized digital currency and is integrated with BitPay to simplify the payment process. Final thoughts… Many companies are embracing digital currencies by partnering with crypto platforms to transfer digital funds in exchange for goods and services. Though many of the larger companies have started t0 accept bitcoin, so many are still lagging behind and have yet to jump on the band-wagon. The reality is that the future of online shopping is definitely heading towards virtual currencies and the time has come for bitcoin to be a staple payment option when you reach the tills. If you’re not in, you can’t win. The source of this article: CryptoCurrency News https://preview.redd.it/u8ha9x7d70i11.png?width=1280&format=png&auto=webp&s=7b7d3710b06e187e669338c5a496a065a3f7d8d2
10-22 07:33 - 'A List of Retailers/Marketplaces Currently Accepting Bitcoin, End of 2018 Edition' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/imnorm2 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 252-262min
''' Upvote For Visibility ^ KFC Canada MirrorKingdom.com – A company that sells luxury high end diamond watches and jewellery. ([link]1 ) Overstock.com – A company that sells big ticket items at lower prices due to overstocking Playboy Subway (Selected Stores— Pennsylvania, Allentown)– Eat fresh Microsoft – Users can buy content with Bitcoin on Xbox and Windows store ([link]2 ) Virgin Galactic – Richard Branson company that includes Virgin Mobile and Virgin Airline OkCupid – Online dating site Namecheap – Domain name registrar CheapAir.com – Travel booking site for airline tickets, car rentals, hotels Expedia.com – Online travel booking agency REMOVED AFTER TRAILING PERIOD. Gyft – Buy giftcards using Bitcoin Newegg.com – Online electronics retailer now uses bitpay to accept bitcoin as payment Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia with 4 570 000+ article Alza – Largest Czech online retailer The Internet Archive – web documatation company Bitcoin.Travel – a travel site that provides accommodation, apartments, attractions, bars, and beauty salons around the world Pembury Tavern – A pub in London, England Old Fitzroy – A pub in Sydney, Australia The Pink Cow – A diner in Tokyo, Japan The Pirate Bay – BitTorrent directories Zynga – Mobile gaming 4Chan.org – For premium services EZTV – Torrents TV shows provider Mega.co.nz – The new venture started by the former owner of MegaUpload Kim Dotcom Lumfile – Free cloud base file server – pay for premium services Etsy Vendors – 93 of them PizzaForCoins.com – Domino’s Pizza signed up – pay for their pizza with bitcons Whole Foods – Organic food store (by purchasing gift card from Gyft) Bitcoincoffee.com – Buy your favorite coffee online Grass Hill Alpacas – A local farm in Haydenville, MA Jeffersons Store – A street wear clothing store in Bergenfield, N.J Helen’s Pizza – Jersey City, N.J., you can get a slice of pizza for 0.00339 bitcoin by pointing your phone at a sign next to the cash register A Class Limousine – Pick you up and drop you off at Newark (N.J.) Airport Seoclerks.com – Get SEO work done on your site cheap Mint.com – Mint pulls all your financial accounts into one place. Set a budget, track your goals and do more Fancy.com – Discover amazing stuff, collect the things you love, buy it all in one place Bloomberg.com – Online newspaper Humblebundle.com – Indie game site BigFishGames.com – Games for PC, Mac and Smartphones (iPhone, Android, Windows) Suntimes.com – Chicago based online newspaper San Jose Earthquakes – San Jose California Professional Soccer Team (MLS) Crowdtilt.com – The fastest and easiest way to pool funds with family and friends Lumfile – Server company that offers free cloud-based servers Museum of the Coastal Bend – 2200 East Red River Street, Victoria, Texas 77901, USA Gap, GameStop and JC Penney – have to use eGifter.com Etsy Vendors – Original art and Jewelry creations Fight for the Future – Leading organization finding for Internet freedom i-Pmart (ipmart.com.my) – A Malaysian online mobile phone and electronic parts retailer curryupnow.com – A total of 12 restaurants on the list of restaurants accept bitcoins in San Francisco Bay Area Dish Network – An American direct-broadcast satellite service provider The Libertarian Party – United States political party Yacht-base.com – Croatian yacht charter company Euro Pacific – A major precious metal dealer CEX – The trade-in chain has a shop in Glasgow, Scotland that accepts bitcoin Straub Auto Repairs – 477 Warburton Ave, Hastings-on-Hudson, NY 10706 – (914) 478- 1177 PSP Mollie – Dutch Payment Service Intuit – an American software company that develops financial and tax preparation software and related services for small businesses, accountants and individuals. ShopJoy – An Australian online retailer that sells novelty and unique gifts Lv.net – Las Vegas high speed internet services ExpressVPN.com – High speed, ultra secure VPN network Grooveshark – Online music streaming service based in the United States Braintree – Well known payments processor MIT Coop Store – Massachusetts Institute of Technology student bookstore SimplePay – Nigeria’s most popular web and mobile-based wallet service SFU bookstore – Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada State Republican Party First State Republican Party to accept bitcoin donations ([link]3 ) mspinc.com – Respiratory medical equipment supplies store Shopify.com – An online store that allows anyone to sell their products Famsa – Mexico’s biggest retailer Naughty America – Adult entertainment provider Mexico’s Universidad de las Américas Puebla – A major university in Mexico MovieTickets.com – Online movie ticket exchange/retailer Dream Lover – Online relationship service Lionsgate Films – The production studio behind titles such as The Hunger Games and The Day After Tomorrow Rakutan – A Japanese e-commerce giant Badoo – Online dating network RE/MAX London – UK-based franchisee of the global real estate network T-Mobile Poland – T-Mobile’s Poland-based mobile phone top-up company Stripe – San Francisco-based payments company WebJet – Online travel agency REMOVED AFTER TRAILING PERIOD. Green Man Gaming – Popular digital game reseller Save the Children – Global charity organization NCR Silver – Point of sales systems One Shot Hotels – Spanish hotel chain Coupa Café in Palo Alto PureVPN – VPN provider That’s my face – create action figures Foodler – North American restaurant delivery company Amagi Metals – Precious metal furnisher Startselect.com - they sell official digital games and giftcards ''' A List of Retailers/Marketplaces Currently Accepting Bitcoin, End of 2018 Edition Go1dfish undelete link unreddit undelete link Author: imnorm2 1: *ww.mirro*ki**dom*com 2: *ww.micr***ft.com 3: *ww*l*gop.co*/**t*oin-donate Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
List Of companies who accepting bitcoins or cryptocurrencies
Many countries and companies accepting bitcoins or another cryptocurrency. I am sharing List of Companies Who Accepts Bitcoins as Payment!.... Here is a list of the biggest (and smaller) names who accepts bitcoins as a currency. KFC Canada Overstock.com – A company that sells big ticket items at lower prices due to overstocking Subway – Eat fresh Microsoft – Users can buy content with Bitcoin on Xbox and Windows store Reddit – You can buy premium features there with bitcoins Virgin Galactic – Richard Branson company that includes Virgin Mobile and Virgin Airline OkCupid – Online dating site Namecheap – Domain name registrar CheapAir.com – Travel booking site for airline tickets, car rentals, hotels Expedia.com – Online travel booking agency Gyft – Buy giftcards using Bitcoin Newegg.com – Online electronics retailer now uses bitpay to accept bitcoin as payment Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia with 4 570 000+ article Alza – Largest Czech online retailer The Internet Archive – web documatation company Bitcoin.Travel – a travel site that provides accommodation, apartments, attractions, bars, and beauty salons around the world Pembury Tavern – A pub in London, England Old Fitzroy – A pub in Sydney, Australia The Pink Cow – A diner in Tokyo, Japan The Pirate Bay – BitTorrent directories Zynga – Mobile gaming 4Chan.org – For premium services EZTV – Torrents TV shows provider Mega.co.nz – The new venture started by the former owner of MegaUpload Kim Dotcom Lumfile – Free cloud base file server – pay for premium services Etsy Vendors – 93 of them PizzaForCoins.com – Domino’s Pizza signed up – pay for their pizza with bitcons Whole Foods – Organic food store (by purchasing gift card from Gyft) Bitcoincoffee.com – Buy your favorite coffee online Grass Hill Alpacas – A local farm in Haydenville, MA Jeffersons Store – A street wear clothing store in Bergenfield, N.J Helen’s Pizza – Jersey City, N.J., you can get a slice of pizza for 0.00339 bitcoin by pointing your phone at a sign next to the cash register A Class Limousine – Pick you up and drop you off at Newark (N.J.) Airport Seoclerks.com – Get SEO work done on your site cheap Mint.com – Mint pulls all your financial accounts into one place. Set a budget, track your goals and do more Fancy.com – Discover amazing stuff, collect the things you love, buy it all in one place (Source: Fancy) Bloomberg.com – Online newspaper Humblebundle.com – Indie game site BigFishGames.com – Games for PC, Mac and Smartphones (iPhone, Android, Windows) Suntimes.com – Chicago based online newspaper San Jose Earthquakes – San Jose California Professional Soccer Team (MLS) Crowdtilt.com – The fastest and easiest way to pool funds with family and friends (Source: crowdtilt) Lumfile – Server company that offers free cloud-based servers Museum of the Coastal Bend – 2200 East Red River Street, Victoria, Texas 77901, USA Gap, GameStop and JC Penney – have to use eGifter.com Etsy Vendors – Original art and Jewelry creations Fight for the Future – Leading organization finding for Internet freedom i-Pmart (ipmart.com.my) – A Malaysian online mobile phone and electronic parts retailer curryupnow.com – A total of 12 restaurants on the list of restaurants accept bitcoins in San Francisco Bay Area Dish Network – An American direct-broadcast satellite service provider The Libertarian Party – United States political party Yacht-base.com – Croatian yacht charter company Euro Pacific – A major precious metal dealer CEX – The trade-in chain has a shop in Glasgow, Scotland that accepts bitcoin Straub Auto Repairs – 477 Warburton Ave, Hastings-on-Hudson, NY 10706 – (914) 478-1177 PSP Mollie – Dutch Payment Service Intuit – an American software company that develops financial and tax preparation software and related services for small businesses, accountants and individuals. ShopJoy – An Australian online retailer that sells novelty and unique gifts Lv.net – Las Vegas high speed internet services ExpressVPN.com – High speed, ultra secure VPN network Grooveshark – Online music streaming service based in the United States Braintree – Well known payments processor MIT Coop Store – Massachusetts Institute of Technology student bookstore SimplePay – Nigeria’s most popular web and mobile-based wallet service SFU bookstore – Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada State Republican Party – First State Republican Party to accept bitcoin donations mspinc.com – Respiratory medical equipment supplies store Shopify.com – An online store that allows anyone to sell their products Famsa – Mexico’s biggest retailer Naughty America – Adult entertainment provider Mexico’s Universidad de las Américas Puebla – A major university in Mexico LOT Polish Airlines – A worldwide airline based in Poland MovieTickets.com – Online movie ticket exchange/retailer Dream Lover – Online relationship service Lionsgate Films – The production studio behind titles such as The Hunger Games and The Day After Tomorrow Rakutan – A Japanese e-commerce giant Badoo – Online dating network RE/MAX London – UK-based franchisee of the global real estate network T-Mobile Poland – T-Mobile’s Poland-based mobile phone top-up company Stripe – San Francisco-based payments company WebJet – Online travel agency Green Man Gaming – Popular digital game reseller Save the Children – Global charity organization NCR Silver – Point of sales systems One Shot Hotels – Spanish hotel chain Coupa Café in Palo Alto PureVPN – VPN provider That’s my face – create action figures Foodler – North American restaurant delivery company Amagi Metals – Precious metal furnisher Note: More who accepts bitcoins companies, stores, merchants will be added as they’re announced! Creadit :-99bitcoins.com
From Bitcoin Wiki. Jump to: navigation, search. A currency exchange site serving those trading between bitcoins and the Czech crown (CZK). The exchange operates as an information service that matches buyer and seller. The exchange does not perform escrow and is not a party in any transactions that occur. The service was announced July 2, 2011. Dataset. We analyze the dynamic properties of the BitCoin currency (as the most popular of the digital currencies) and the search queries on Google Trends and Wikipedia as proxies of investors' interest and attention. Time series for the BitCoin currency at the most liquid market (Mt. Gox) are available since 17.7.2010 with the highest reported frequency (a tick) of 1 minute. The Wikimedia Endowment provides dedicated funding to realize the power and promise of Wikipedia and its sister projects — ensuring access to knowledge for everyone, everywhere. For more information or to make a gift, email us at [email protected] Legacy gift. One way to support the future of free knowledge is through a legacy gift. Coinbase is a secure online platform for buying, selling, transferring, and storing digital currency. 1. Major Companies Who Accepts Bitcoin as Payment Wikipedia. Wikimedia, the company that operates the world’s largest open-source encyclopedia, Wikipedia, accepts donations in Bitcoin. Payment is done through BitPay. Microsoft. The company allows the use of Bitcoin to top up your Microsoft account.
Bitcoin - Wikipedia Things To Know Before You Get This
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